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1750 BC
500 BC
1651
1799
1802
1828
1839
1854
1855
1865
1866
1869
1882
1883
1890
1899
1900
1902
1907
1908
1910
1921
1927
1931
1932
1934
1935
1936
1944
1952
1953
1959
Sumerians brew beer
Chinese use moldy soybean curds as antibiotic to treat boils
Harvey publishes regarding slow growth of embryos
Death of Spallanzani who disproved spontaneous generation
Lamarck coins term Biology
Karl Ernst von Baer founds laws of embryology
Schleiden and Schwann propose cells as basic unit of life
George Newport publishes on amphibian ova and sperm
Virchow – all living cells come from other cells
Modern eugenics formulated by Galton – published 1883
Haeckel speculates cell nucleus critical for cell identity
Darwin writes to Galton who later coins term “Eugenics”
Death of Gregor Mendel
Galton publishes “Eugenics”
Weismann speculates regarding meiosis and describes
William Bateson does stats (similar to the undiscovered Mendel’s
work) and learns more about hybridization and cross-breeding – start
of biometrics
Correns, de Vries, and Tschermak all rediscover and redefine Mendel’s
laws
Sutton at Columbia proposes genes are found on chromosomes
British Eugenics Society forms as Eugenics Education Society
Thomas Hunt Morgan works on drosophila – Nobel 1933
Fly students: Curt Stern – crossover, Calvin Bridges – Nondisjunction,
Arthur Sturdevand – linkage maps, Herman Muller - mutations
Curt Stern was a flyroom student d. 1981 GER-AM
Dr. Duane Jeffery was a student of Dr. Stern
Eugenics Office established at Cold Spring Harbor on Long Island
Bertrand Russell proposes eugenics by unleashing “organized plagues
against the black population”
Romania begins supporting eugenic sterilization
Genetics Society of America founded
HJ Muller starts criticizing eugenics – not popular
Korea starts Woosaeng “Eugenics” movement
Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer starts Eugenics schools in Germany
Eugenics becomes passion in Germany
Avery MacLeod McCarty experiment – able to identify DNA as
“transforming principle”
American Eugenics Society combines with Population Council under
Rockefeller family
Watson and Crick publish double helix structure using Rosalind
Franklin’s x-ray work
Jerome Lejeune discovers Trisomy 21 cause
1962 Nobel Prize for DNA
1968 Weather Undergound leader Bill Ayers arrested – spent all of 70s as a
fugitive
1969 Weather Underground splits from Students for a Democratic Society
(SDS) – infiltrated by FBI
1970 Weather Underground bombings 1971 1972 1975
1981 Weather Underground leaders arrested in several crimes
1982 Synthetic insulin approved and marketed
1990 Human Genome Project formally established
1994 FBI Combined DNA index system created, Disabled People’s
International General Assembly expresses concern about increase of
eugenic policies
1995 First genome of any organism – bacterium H influenzae
2000 Human genome project completed – working draft
2003 Supposedly all genome sequencing complete – details finished 2006 –
first reference released
2006 Completion of human genome project
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