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Name_______________________________________________________________ Period __________
Hess AP World History Ch 12 Reading Study Guide #1 P. 266-277
1. What was so great about Hangzhou? What were its attractions? Pg. 266
2. How did Wendi create the Sui Dynasty? How did he consolidate popular support in his new domains? Pg. 267
3. Describe some of the positive & negative aspects of Yangdi’s reign. How did he meet his end? Pg. 267
(Timeline P. 268)
4. What were the years of the Era of Division? __________
5. What were the years of the Sui Dynasty? __________
6. What were the years of the Tang Dynasty? __________ 7. When did Empress Wu rule? __________
8. What are the years of the Song Dynasty? __________ 9. When was gunpowder invented? __________
10. What were the years of the Mongol (Yuan) Dynasty? __________
11. What was Li Yuan able to accomplish after the fortunate yet untimely death of Yangdi in 618? Pg. 268
12. Describe the lands ruled by the Tang Dynasty (Map 12.1). Pg. 268
13. How did Tang emperors use the rejuvenated scholar-gentry? Why? Pg. 270
14. What was the purpose of the Ministry of Rites? Who were the jinshi? Pg. 270
15. When did Buddhism become an important force in Chinese life? Pg. 271
16. Which form of Buddhism was popular among the masses? Among the elite classes? Pg. 271
(Read Document: Ties That Bind; Paths to Power. Pg. 272)
17. What techniques does Wu use to win the high official’s favor? (article) Pg. 272
18. How does Wu expect the official to help him? (article) Pg. 272
19. What is Empress Wu known for? Pg. 272
20. What issues were at stake in the Anti-Buddhist backlash of the 840s? Which TWO traditional Chinese
philosophies contested Buddhist influence? Pg. 273
21. How did the actions of Emperor Xuanzong mark the peak (& begin the decline) of the Tang Dynasty? Pg. 274
22. When was the last Tang Emperor forced to resign? Pg. 275
23. How did the Song Dynasty come to power? Pg. 275
24. Which sinified kingdom to the north would plague the Song throughout its existence? Pg. 275
25. Why was the Song Dynasty militarily weak? Pg. 275
26. Who were Zhu Xi and the Neo-Confucianists? What did they want? Pg. 276
27. How did Neo-Confucianism lead to a stifling of creativity, innovation & critical thinking in China? Pg. 277
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28. How did the Xi Xia and Liao Kingdom to the north constantly threaten the Song Dynasty? Pg. 277
29. Describe Wang Anshi’s sweeping reforms in the 1070s & 1080s. Pg. 277
30. Why were the Song forced to retreat to the “rump” Southern Song dynasty (1127-1279)? Pg. 277-278
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