Rebecca Fraser-Thill Items to Focus on for Psych 101B Winter 2009 Final Exam These questions are intended to guide your studying for the Final Exam. This is not exhaustive. The majority of the test will be on material that was covered in BOTH lecture and the text. However, a good portion (about 10%) of the exam will come from lecture material that is NOT in the text. In addition, a good portion (about another 10%) will come from material covered in the text only. Many of the questions require key terms to answer them, so be sure to know those terms in addition to key terms explicitly listed at the end. I highly encourage you to visit the “Exams” portion of our course website where an old exam and its answers are posted. Try taking the exam after studying to get a sense of where you need to focus your efforts. Keep in mind, though, that we may have covered slightly different material than is tested on the old exam. Format: o 55 multiple choice o 10 matching o 10 fill-ins o 2 short answer (3 options) I will NOT test you on the “A Closer Look” or “Life Connections” boxes (but they’re well worth a read – very interesting!) Figures are fair game!!! Chapter 14: Social Psychology What is social psychology? What was the video “Quiet Rage” about? Who performed the study? Explain the study and the results. Why did the study end early? What can we conclude from this research? What are the implications? What is the situationist perspective? How did Asch conduct his study? What were the results? What concept does it demonstrate? What was done in Milgram’s study? What concept does it demonstrate? What percentage of people complied fully? Why did people comply? What are attitudes? Where do attitudes come from? What is the A-B problem? What is cognitive-dissonance theory? Effort justification? Can you describe the classic study we discussed in class related to this topic? Is beauty in the eye of the beholder? Why or why not? What makes for a beautiful face? What is the matching hypothesis? How was the study that supported this hypothesis conducted? How do college women and college men see themselves? What do college men and college women actually want (physically) in a mate? What are the elements of the triangular model of love? Who created this theory? What is the ultimate, difficult-to-attain form of love called? What does romantic love entail? What are the primacy and recency effects? How do they affect behavior? What is the elaboration likelihood model? What are the central and peripheral factors discussed in class? Could you describe and give an example of each? What is prejudice? What are implicit attitudes? How can researchers tap into these? Where does prejudice come from? What is an attribution? What are the two types of attributions? What is the self-serving bias? The fundamental attribution error? The actor-observer effect? What are the forms of nonverbal language the text discusses? What is the affective shift hypothesis? What is groupthink? Why does it occur? What happens in group decision making? What is social facilitation? When might we see it in action? What is social loafing? Why does it occur? Could you provide an example of this occurring? What is deindividuation? What context brings this on? What is diffusion of responsibility? What happened to Kitty Genovese? What concept does this illustrate? Who is likely to help? Key Terms (in addition to the terms involved in the questions above): o Fear appeal o Selective avoidance o Selective exposure o Stereotype o Reciprocity o Social perception o Consensus o Conformity o Social norm o Polarization o Risky shift o Altruism o Groupthink Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders What is a psychological disorder? What do “categorical” and “continuum” mean in regards to psychological disorders? How do we determine which behaviors are “abnormal”? Can we ever test theories of etiology? Why or why not? What do each of the following theories say about the etiology of psychological disorders? o Biological o Psychodynamic o Behavioral o Cognitive o Humanistic o Sociocultural o Biopsychosocial If given a particular disorder, could you apply the above theories of etiology to it? (That is, can you make use of the theories, not just know what they say). What are the steps of working with disorders? What are the components of assessment? What manual is used for diagnosis? If given scenarios, could you determine which of the following disorders the person has? o Major depressive disorder o Bipolar disorder (I&II combined) o Panic Disorder o Specific Phobia o Social Phobia o Obsessive-compulsive disorder o Generalized anxiety disorder o Post-traumatic stress disorder o Acute stress disorder o Schizophrenia o Autism o Dissociative amnesia o Dissociative fugue o Dissociative identity disorder o Anorexia nervosa o Bulimia nervosa o Body dysmorphic disorder o Hypochondriasis o Conversion disorder o Substance abuse o Substance dependence o Antisocial personality disorder o Paranoid personality disorder o Schizoid personality disorder o Schizotypal personality disorder o Avoidant personality disorder o Borderline personality disorder What percentage of individuals who commit suicide told someone about their plans? What are the two features of anxiety? What are panic attacks? What are psychotic symptoms? What are the three types of delusions covered in class? What are positive symptoms of schizophrenia? Negative symptoms? What are the core features of each of the three types of schizophrenia? What are the three features of autism? What happens in dissociative disorders? What did dissociative identity disorder used to be called? What characterizes somatoform disorders? In what disorder is la belle indifference sometimes seen? What is a personality disorder? When does it begin? What is the other term for antisocial personality disorder? Key Terms (in addition to the terms involved in the questions above): o Psychopathology o Reliability o Validity o Etiology o Waxy flexibility o Delusions o Hallucinations o Rapid flight of ideas o Obsession o Compulsion Chapter 13: Methods of Therapy What is the origin of the word “bedlam?” What are the three phases in the history of therapy? What is the goal of psychoanalytic therapy? What are the methods of psychoanalytic therapy? What are the two forms of humanistic therapy that we discussed? Who created client-centered therapy? What beliefs do client-centered therapists operate under? What do therapists do in client-centered therapy? What is the goal of gestalt therapy? What does it mean that therapy is “directive?” What is behavior therapy? What are the three forms of operant conditioning used in therapy? Could you describe each? What are three fear reduction techniques and how are they used? What is aversive conditioning? What is one example of this form of therapy? What is social skills training? What is the goal of cognitive therapy? Who are the two men associated with cognitive therapy? What are advantages of group therapy? What is ECT? When it is used? What is psychosurgery? What is the best-known technique? Know what each of the psychopharmacological agents discussed in class is used for. What is rebound anxiety? What does it come from? What is a combined treatment approach also called? What does it entail? What questions should you ask a therapist before beginning to work with them? How do you know that therapy might be lasting too long? Why is it difficult to answer the question “Does therapy work?” What is a meta-analysis? For what purpose does the text discuss its use? Does therapy work? Key Terms (in addition to the terms involved in the questions above): o Asylum o Catharsis o Resistance o Transference o Manifest content o Latent content o Hierarchy o Specific factors o Nonspecific factors Chapter 11: Personality What is personality? What patterns does it involve? What is Freud’s theory called? When/how does the unconscious reveal itself? In what way did Freud believe development is expressed? What causes fixation? What are the stages of Freudian development, in order? What is key about each stage? What are the Oedipal and Electra complexes? What are the id, ego and superego? When does each develop? What principle does each operate under? Why do we have defense mechanisms? What are the defense mechanisms? Could you give examples of each? Who are the four key psychoanalytic theorists who came after Freud? What were the major beliefs (key terms) of each of them? What are traits? Where did Hippocrates believe traits were embedded? What are Eysenck’s traits? In what three ways do introverts and extraverts differ? What are the Big Five traits? Could you give novel examples of behaviors that each trait would most likely correlate with? How many dimensions does the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator have? On whose ideas is this scale built? What does the criticism that the trait perspective is “circular” mean? What is the humanistic theory of personality? Who are key people related to the humanistic theory? What are the two types of learning theory? What does each say about personality? What is sociocultural theory? What is individualism? Collectivism? What is acculturation? Which type of immigrants have the highest self-esteem? What are the two ways to assess personality? Can you describe the Rorschach and the TAT? Key Terms (in addition to the terms involved in the questions above): o Repression (text) o Conscious o Preconscious o Unconscious o Eros o Libido o Incest taboo o Collective unconscious o Self-actualization o Unconditional positive regard o Frame of reference o Conditions of worth o Expectancies Where do I go from here? Where do a majority of psychology baccalaureate holders work? In what position do a majority of psychology holders work?