Download Chapter 9 Reading Summaries Section 9.1 The body`s respiratory

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Transcript
Name__________________________________________________ Date __________ Hour________ Table _____
Chapter 9 Reading Summaries
Section 9.1
The body’s respiratory system takes in (1)____________ and
releases (2)_____________ ____________. Inside the
oxygen
other gases
(3)____________, oxygen is used in (4)____________ ____________
carbon dioxide
that release energy. This process of using oxygen by the cells is called
blood
(5)____________ ____________. Besides oxygen, cellular respiration
speak
requires (6)____________ , or sugars, which are obtained from
food
(7)____________ by the digestive system. Oxygen and sugars are
glucose
(8)____________ to every cell in your body by the circulatory system.
cells
released
Besides oxygen, the air you (9)____________ contains a number of
contract
(10)____________. The respiratory system is composed of several
transported
different (11)____________. The (12)____________,
chemical reactions
(13)____________________, and (14)____________ are where air
parts
enters the body, is filtered and warmed and is directed to the
breathe
(15)____________. The lungs are two organs where oxygen passes into
throat (pharynx)
(16)____________ and carbon dioxide is (17)____________. The
trachea
diaphragm
(18)___________ and ribs relax and (19)___________ to force air into
lungs
and out of the lungs. Besides exchanging oxygen with carbon dioxide,
respiratory system
the (20)____________ ____________ is involved in other activities. For
cellular respiration
example, the respiratory system allows you to (21)____________, and
nose
helps your body remove excess water.
Name__________________________________________________ Date __________ Hour________ Table _____
Chapter 9 Reading Summaries
Section 9.2
Food is needed to provide (1)____________ to the body.
(2)______________ are substances that enable the body to move, grow
and maintain (3)____________. Nutrients include (4)____________,
(5)____________,(6) ____________,(7) ____________,
(8)____________, and water. Before food can be used by the body, it
must be (9)____________ ___________. The (10) ____________
homeostasis
proteins
minerals
broken down
energy
carbohydrates
Nutrients
____________ is responsible for breaking down food that has entered
peristalsis
the body. Material is moved through the digestive system by a process
chemically
called (11) ____________. The digestive system can break down food
(12)____________ , as in chewing food, or it can break down
(13)____________, as when saliva changes food chemically. The
digestive system contains several organs including the mouth,
fats
digestive system
mechanically
vitamins
(14)____________ ,(15)____________, (16)____________
esophagus
____________ , (17)____________ ____________ , liver, gallbladder,
stomach
and pancreas.
small intestine
large intestine
Name__________________________________________________ Date __________ Hour________ Table _____
Chapter 9 Reading Summaries
Section 9.3
During life processes, (1)____________ is produced. Several
systems are responsible for (2)____________ waste from the body. The
(3)____________ ____________ gets rid of liquid wastes from the
blood. The respiratory system gets rid of (4) ____________
____________and waste gases from the blood. The digestive system
too little
water vapor
bladder
waste
urine
too much
gets rid of (5)____________ waste from food. The (6)____________
filter
releases waste through the sweat glands. The kidneys are the parts of
removing
the (7)____________ ____________ that filter waste from the blood.
composition
The waste then travels from the (8)____________ down to the
(9)____________. From the bladder, the waste is released as
(10)____________. The kidneys (11)____________ all the blood in the
body many times each day. Inside each kidney are about one million
solid
water
urinary system
urinary system
looping tubes called (12)____________. The nephrons regulate the
skin
(13)____________ of blood. Besides removing waste, the kidneys
kidneys
regulate how much (14)____________ is in the body. It is important
nephrons
that the body not have (15)____________ ____________ or
(16)____________ ____________ water in it. For example, if the body
has too much water, parts of it will begin to swell.
Name__________________________________________________ Date __________ Hour________ Table _____
Chapter 9 Reading Summaries and review
Which one does belong?
Circle the vocabulary word that matches each description. Use the bolded words in the sentence
as clues.
1. This is the muscular action that moves food along your digestive system.
nutrients
peristalsis
digestion
2. Before your body can use nutrients, they must go through this process, which breaks them
down into smaller more usable forms.
digestion
urine
nutrients
3. The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra are all parts of this system.
urinary system
digestive system
respiratory system
4. Proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and water are as some of these that your body needs to grow
and maintain homeostasis.
cellular respiration
nutrients
peristalsis
5. This works with the digestive and circulatory systems to make cellular respiration possible.
respiratory system
urinary system
mechanical digestion
6. The kidneys control the amount of water that leaves your body in this form.
urinary system
urine
nutrients
7. This performs the complex job of moving and breaking down food.
respiratory system
urinary system
digestive system
8. This requires glucose, which you get from food, in addition to oxygen, which you get from
breathing.
digestion
peristalsis
cellular respiration