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OP 4: IMPERIALISM PRETEST
PLEASE DO NOT WRITE ON
1. In the 1890s, the main goal of those who supported United States imperialism was to (SS.912.A.4.1)
a. bring self-government to areas under United States control
b. obtain overseas markets and naval bases
c. defend against attacks by enemy nations
d. spread democracy to Africa and Latin America
2. A primary reason for the establishment of the Open Door Policy (1899) was to
a. protect United States trade in the Far East
b. gain control of the Panama Canal Zone
c. encourage Chinese immigrants to the United States
d. improve relations with Russia
(SS.912.A.4.1)
3. Which United States policy is most closely associated with the annexation of Hawaii and the Philippines
(SS.912.A.4.2)
a. neutrality
b. isolationism
c. imperialism
d. international cooperation
4. William Seward’s purchase of Alaska in 1867 was initially called “Seward’s Folly” by his opponents, but
the purchase proved to be a bargain because
(SS.912.A.4.2)
a. Alaska had an important coaling station
b. Alaska had many natural resources
c. the area lay strategically near Southeast Asia
d. Canada later offered more money to buy it
5. The Spanish-American War (1898) marked a turning point in United States foreign policy because the
United States
(SS.912.A.4.3)
a. developed a plan for peaceful coexistence
b. emerged as a major world power
c. pledged neutrality in future European conflicts
d. refused to become a colonial power
6. Yellow journalism contributed to the start of the Spanish-American War (1898) by
a. portraying William McKinley as a pro-war president
b. inciting public outrage over conditions in Cuba
c. showing the need to acquire colonies in the Pacific
d. demanding the repeal of the Gentlemen’s Agreement
(SS.912.A.4.3)
7. A goal of President Theodore Roosevelt’s Big Stick policy and President William Taft’s Dollar
Diplomacy policy toward Latin America was to
(SS.912.A.4.3)
a. join Western Hemisphere nations in a military alliance
b. protect American economic and political interests
c. encourage foreign nations to establish colonies
d. raise Latin America’s standard of living
8. Yellow journalists created support for the Spanish-American War by writing articles about the
(SS.912.A.4.3)
a. political popularity of William Jennings Bryan
b. efforts of the United States to control Mexico
c. destruction of United States sugar plantations by Hawaiians
d. sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana Harbor
9. Why was there increased interest in building a canal across Central America in the late 1800s?
(SS.912.A.4.4)
a. the United States had acquired colonies in the Pacific region
b. tariffs on Chinese and Japanese products had ended
c. the main source of immigration had shifted from northern Europe to southern Europe
d. transcontinental railroads had not yet been completed
10. As a result of the Spanish-American War, the United States saw the need to build the Panama Canal
because
(SS.912.A.4.4)
a. new colonies had been acquired in Africa
b. Spanish opposition to the canal had ended
c. the United States navy could them move more quickly between oceans
d. United States railroads could not transport enough manufactured goods