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Explorer Review Columbus wanted to sail WEST to the Indies. Columbus was an Italian explorer that sailed for SPAIN. In 1492 Columbus found the WEST INDIES FRANCE set up trading posts with the Native Americans. Vasco De Gama tried to reach ASIA by using the route around the southern tip of AFRICA. MARCO POLO was the first to travel the Silk Road for trading. PRINCE HENRY set up a navigational school. EUROPE, _AFRICA, and ASIA are the Old World. The TURKS/OTTOMANS took over the Silk Road. The ASTROLABE was a circular tool used to determine a ship’s latitude. CARTOGRAPHERS made sea charts and globes to help explorers. The COMPASS was used to tell wind direction, ship’s course and time of day. A _CARAVEL is a lightweight, fast ship with triangular sails. GUNPOWDER is a mixture of chemicals that explode when lit. Be able to identify Portugal, Spain, France, England, Holland (Netherlands), India, the West Indies and all 7 continents. CHINA fashioned gunpowder rockets shot out bamboo tubes. Europe wanted to find a water route to ASIA. Ships added a RUDDER to help hold or change the course at sea. LATITUDE lines run east and west parallel to the equator. LONGITUDE lines run north and south parallel to the Prime Meridian. GOLD, GOD, and GLORY were three reasons for exploration. HENRY HUDSON sailed for Netherlands and discovered Hudson Bay. SAMUEL CHAMPLAIN sailed for France and started fur trade in Quebec with Native Americans. JOHN CABOT sailed for England and claimed Newfoundland. Cabral landed in South America and claimed BRAZIL for Portugal. Balboa was the first European to stand in the waters of the PACIFIC OCEAN. PORTUGAL was first country that sent explorers in search of a sea route to Asia. HERNAN CORTES crushed the Aztec empire in Mexico. FRANCISCO PIZZARO crushed the Incan Empire in South America. FERDINAND MAGELLAN circumnavigated the world. CONQUISTADORS was a name for Spanish explorers. Europeans were desperate to get SPICES from Asia. What were reasons for European Exploration (Hint 3G’s)? GOLD – EXPLORERS SOUGHT TREASURES - GOODS LIKE GOLD, JEWELS, FOOD, SPICES, TOOLS TO BRING BACK TO THEIR HOME COUNTRY. GOD – EXPLORERS WERE EITHER TRYING TO FIND A PLACE TO WORSHIP FREELY OR THEY DESIRED TO SPREAD THEIR RELIGIOUS BELIEFS TO THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE. GLORY – EXPLORERS ENJOYED THE ADVENTURE OF SAILING AND CONQUERING NEW LANDS. IT ALSO BROUGHT THEM POWER.