... My concern in analysing the element –NYA here, is to look at its synchronic distributions
in the nominal domain. There are two main questions I would like to raise about –NYA,
namely, (i) what element is –NYA actually? (is it the same element in all constructions,
or some different elements?), and ( ...
Morphosyntactic Convergence and Integration in Finland
... 2.2.2. Quantitative and semantic analysis of the PPA constructions .......69
A survey of lexics and semantics of the source verbs..........................69
Voice characteristics of PPA constructions .........................................71
2.2.3. Qualitative analysis of the PPA constructions .. ...
PDF (Publication Article) - Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
... messages of the source text are transferred into the target text and how readable the
target is for the target readers. These two criteria are considered to be the most
important feature of a quality translation. A translation which is accurate in content,
will not be able to fulfill its practical o ...
Clitic Right Dislocation in Exclamative sentences
... The main hypothesis of this paper is that certain exclamative constructions in Catalan (queexclamatives) involve a null exclamative degree operator. It is shown that, when combined
with Kayne’s (2002) insights concerning English preposition of and its French counterpart de,
a principled and unified ...
FLOATING QUANTIFIERS, PARTITIVES AND DISTRIBUTIVITY
... Commonly, the quantifier expressions of natural language are arguments of the verb, such as
subjects, direct objects or objects of prepositions. In this respect, they differ crucially from the
free-standing quantifier prefixes of first-order logic, as has often been observed by the
proponents of gen ...
Sub-English 2 nd Paper
... acts as a preposition , that is called participle preposition.
* Participle-Whenever a word acts as a verb and adjective
that is called Participle. Likewise ,I have seen a written
document.Here the word ‘written’ is a participle and It has
been acting as a preposition sitting before a noun .So, It i ...
Negative quantification and existential sentences
... It has to be noted that the frequency with which the negative constructions exemplified in
(1) and (2) are used does not compare with that of the examples in (14a-e). Averbal positive
clauses of the type in (14) are mostly confined to instructional texts, e.g. for describing the
setup of a scene in ...
is case a functional unit: latin genitive
... Nor do we establish the synchronic unity of the adnominal uses of the genitive, by
postulating a more or less analogical extension and making diachrony intervene more
or less explicitly. It is in fact only at the diachronic level that it is possible to
acknowledge that “once the schema of internomin ...
PARTITIVE RESTRICTIVE mODIFICATION OF NAmES IN
... could probably be discerned for many of them, too (see, in this respect, Radden
and Dirven, 2007: Ch. 5).
An initial published attempt at a conceptual explanation of all of these
“irregular” uses in terms of conceptual metonymy is Barcelona (2003b) and in
Barcelona (n.d.) The uses referred to above ...
by Cristina Job Schmitt Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the
... the aspectual interpretations of the construction. Chapter 4 proposes a theory of
Determiner Transparency in which definite determiners in relative clauses, certain kinds
of adjectives and demonstratives do not select for their head NP and as a result, durative
reading of the VP predicate are obtain ...
Possessives and relational nouns
... controlled) relation: π(Ex([[brother ]])) = λxλy.∃zbrotherzy ∧ Rxy.
In fact, in the presence of a detransitivizing type-shifter, it is at
least technically feasible to give a unitary denotation to the possessive clitic in the following way: assume that every nominal denotes a
sortal property. If the ...
1998 - Henk van Riemsdijk
... much the same way that verbs select noun phrases, prepositional phrases
or clauses. With further multiplication of functional heads, the number of
specifiers is multiplied as well. In many cases it is not clear what role these
specifiers play, if any. Another way of putting this is to say that the d ...
On the Semantics of the Perfective Aspect
... There are two interesting properties of predicates: cumulativity and quantization. Cumulative predicates may be formed out of mass nouns or count
nouns. The semantics of cumulative and quantized reference is given in
terms of the semantic operation t for joining two individuals to form a
new individ ...
§1 In Old English, a noun or a noun phrase inflected for Genitive
... nominals, the next question is what differentiates between a Genitive nominal and non-Genitive
nominals such as Nominative, Accusative, and Dative nominals. Despite the commonality between
Genitive nominals and non-Genitive nominals, there is a very important difference between them: it is
only a G ...
The Definite Article and Possessive Marking in Amharic
... the Minimalist Program (2004), we would like to treat the Amharic article
as an inflectional suffix. We furthermore would like to assume that the
noun is the semantic and syntactic head of the nominal phrase and that the
indefinite determiner and, demonstratives, and quantifiers are selected by
those *some books
Accordingly, the specifier of N’’ can be occupied by Q. The ungrammatical quantifiers
belong to the category Art, hence they cannot co-occur with another member of the same
category as there is only one Art (i.e. N’’’-specifier) ...
Proto-Austronesian Genitive Determiners
... Determiners not only signal the case relation of the NP which they (generally) introduce, but they usually also indicate whether the head noun is
personal or common, whether it is singular or plural, and not infrequently such
other information as the definiteness or specificity of the head noun as w ...
... Preposition definition: a word that shows
the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to
some other word in the sentence.
Prepositions are "little words" that occur in
large structures called Prepositional Phrases.
primary argument case-marking in baltic and finnic
... genitive (-n) and locative cases (adessive -llA, ablative -ltA and allative -lle) may be used to mark
agents: these usually have a more or less transparent adverbial background.
The term accusative is not unproblematic in Finnic: first of all, no distinct accusative marker
is used with plural NPs. ...
... word in the sentence.
The choice of preposition affects the way the other words in a sentence relate to each other.
The relationship may involve location, directions, time, cause, or possession. A preposition can affect
the entire meaning of a sentence and may consist of one word or multiple words.
Non-finite Verbs and their Objects in Finnic
... differ in their case selection in the languages studied, the present analysis is restricted to noun objects, although some mention of personal pronouns is used to
clarify certain aspects. Livonian presents a problem in glossing, as the singular nominative and genitive nouns are often identical, and ...
Parsing Estonian: Tools and Resources
... use of past participle and noun as a nominalisation of an adjective), and also ambiguous readings of adposition, adverb and noun of some word forms.
For example, peale can be an autonomous adverb (most general meaning ‘onto’)
or a particle as a part of a particle verb, e.g. peale sauma ‘stumble on/ ...
The Acquisition of Partitive Clitics in Romance Five-year-olds
... for which we have no particular analysis. It could be the case that the experimenter
did not manage to force the children to come up with an answer, in contrast to what
happened in the two other languages (for which answers were almost always
provided by the children).
We now turn to the presentatio ...
In linguistics, the partitive is a word, phrase, or case that indicates partialness. Nominal partitives are syntactic constructions, such as ""some of the children"", and may be classified semantically as either set partitives or entity partitives based on the quantifier and the type of embedded noun used. Partitives should not be confused with quantitatives (also known as pseudopartitives), which often look similar in form, but behave differently syntactically and have a distinct meaning.In many Romance and Germanic languages, nominal partitives usually take the form: [DP Det. + of + [DP Det. + NP]]where the first determiner is a quantifier word, using a prepositional element to link it to the larger set or whole from which that quantity is partitioned. The partitive constructions of the following languages all have the same translation, with a very similar form:Some languages, for example Estonian and Finnish, have a special partitive case. In Latin, German and Russian, the partitive is expressed by the genitive case, sometimes called the partitive genitive.