NIH Public Access - Rutgers University Department of Psychology
... In contrast, a secondary drive was defined as a learned or acquired state. Money, as previously
mentioned, is an example of a secondary reinforcer, which acquires its reinforcing properties
through its association with primary reinforcers (i.e. money can be used to acquire food). Due
to societal and ...
Operant vs. Respondent Conditioning
... In operant conditioning, must
detect response in order to know
when to deliver reinforcement
In respondent conditioning, must
detect response to know whether
conditioning is taking place
Cognitive control - Translational Neuromodeling Unit
... So how do those control systems regulate appraisal system activation?
Patterns of functional specificity are being discovered:
• Ventral PFC and OFC systems may evaluate the context-appropriate emotional value
of stimuli and select actions on the basis of those evaluations. This might directly affec ...
Chapter 5 Discussion - Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative
... and generalized anxiety disorder (Mennin & Farach, 2007). Many studies found that ability to
deal with negative emotion is related to emotion-related disorders. Affect regulation influences
not only psychological distress but also biological response to stress.
Physiological change and Affect Regula ...
Name: Date: ______ 1. Conditioning is the process of A
... B) search for information that supports our preconceptions.
C) underestimate the extent to which our beliefs and judgments are inaccurate.
D) judge the likelihood of an event in terms of how readily instances of its occurrence are remembered.
64. Stockbrokers often believe that their own expertise w ...
Affect and psychological magnification: Denvations from Tomkins
... The findings also suggest different kinds of script formation in males and females.
Tomkins (1979) has introduced a new theory of personality that is at
once old-fashioned in the sense of its comprehensiveness, and radically
new in its conceptualization of personality structure, dynamics, and
PowerPoint Slides - Academic Csuohio
... Particular fears of individuals also affect the intensity
of emotional responses evoked.
Stimulus discrimination: the ability of audience
members at various ages to be able to distinguish
Risk - TransConflict
... All links in the communication chain, individuals, groups, media, etc., contain filters
through which information is sorted and understood.
The theory attempts to explain the process by which risks are amplified, receiving
public attention, or attuned, receiving less public attention.
The main thesi ...
Negative Affect and Emotional Trade-off Difficulty
... Under process accountability (PA) decision makers are accountable for the procedure used to
arrive at a decision whereas under outcome accountability (OA) they are accountable only for the
quality of the outcome, with no evaluation of their decision process (Escalas and Luce 2004).
This research als ...
... things and more influenced by leading questions. On the other hand,
flashbulb memories are thought to be stronger, so emotion might make
someone’s memory more accurate. We often have very sharp memories of
occasions when we were emotionally aroused.
Unit #5_Review Questions File
... 9. What factors influence teen sexuality, teen pregnancy, and risk of sexually
10. What has research taught us about sexual orientation?
11. What evidence points to our human need to belong?
Chapter 12-Emotions, Stress & Health
1. What are the components of an emotion?
2. Wha ...
The affect heuristic is a heuristic, a mental shortcut that allows people to make decisions and solve problems quickly and efficiently, in which current emotion—fear, pleasure, surprise, etc.—influences decisions. In other words, it is a type of heuristic in which emotional response, or ""affect"" in psychological terms, plays a lead role. It is a subconscious process that shortens the decision-making process and allows people to function without having to complete an extensive search for information. It is shorter in duration than a mood, occurring rapidly and involuntarily in response to a stimulus. Reading the words ""lung cancer"" usually generates an affect of dread, while reading the words ""mother's love"" usually generates a feeling of affection and comfort. The affect heuristic is typically used while judging the risks and benefits of something, depending on the positive or negative feelings that people associate with a stimulus. It is the equivalent of ""going with your gut"". If their feelings towards an activity are positive, then people are more likely to judge the risks as low and the benefits high. On the other hand, if their feelings towards an activity are negative, they are more likely to perceive the risks as high and benefits low.