The Portrayal and Role of Anger in the Res Gestae of Ammianus
... keyword based reduces the need to make (possibly erroneous) inferences about whether it is
really anger or some related emotion that we are dealing with. This has then lead to the
compilation of lists of relevant anger words in Latin that relate to the individuals and groups
who are the basis for my ...
History Of The Decli.. - The Conscious Living Foundation
... which, though advancing on separate parallels of history, he shows the
common tendency of the slower or more rapid religious or civil
innovations. However these principles of composition may demand more
than ordinary attention on the part of the reader, they can alone
impress upon the memory the rea ...
Gerald_A._Hess_Dissertation_2 - ETDA
... reflect this knowledge in that for the first time in
an imperial public state relief they commemorated the
virtues of the emperor in a language derived from
Hadrian‘s personal experiences and beliefs.
The tondi include the Bithynian youth Antinous.
It is with Hadrian‘s fellowship with this Greek yo ...
life love legacy hadrian empire and conflict
... and regions all over the empire. These projects were undertaken with a
combination of political and dynastic considerations in mind. Hadrian
understood that architecture had a powerful impact on the public psyche. It
was an effective means of asserting his rule and establishing his dynasty. He
A COMPANION TO THE ROMAN ARMY Edited by
... editor of Roman Religion (2003).
Anthony R. Birley was Professor of Ancient History at the universities of
Manchester from 1974 to 1990 and Düsseldorf from 1990 to 2002. His publications
include biographies of the emperors Hadrian, Marcus Aurelius, and Septimius Severus.
He is Chair of the Trustees ...
this PDF file - Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology
... Although TEITLER 1999 acknowledges this trend, especially in relation to
Herodotus, he also highlights that the relationship between the two historians
was more complex, by noting and explaining instances where Ammianus
directly contradicts information given by Herodotus. For example, TEITLER
The Good, the Bad, and the Barbari: A Comparison of
... experience within the Roman army. He has also witnessed the achievements of Julian, first hand,
in Gaul, and devoted much of his work mentioning the successes of Julian’s career.10 This
observation could have also influenced Ammianus’ perception of Julian in the Res Gestae. It was
also likely that A ...
... Though the catapult has been used since ancient times, the catapult’s popularity came
primarily from its increased use in warfare. Dionysus of Syracuse is credited as being the creator
of the catapult in 400 B.C. The idea of the catapult stemmed from the idea to create a new type
of weapon that wou ...
barbarian migrations and the roman west, 376–568
... late. It is only right, therefore, that my editor for much of this time,
Bill Davies, heads my list of acknowledgements. I thank him for his
faith in this project, and the syndics of Cambridge University Press
for their patience and understanding. Simon Whitmore cracked the
whip fairly and in thorou ...
Rogers and Hingley - Gibbon paper
... the drama of the writings of Tacitus, whom he greatly admired, on the same subject.
Bradley’s paper on Tacitus’ Agricola (this volume) demonstrates that this author had a
complex attitude to empire representing the conquered British as noble savages – he
developed these arguments as part of a highly ...
Hadrian`s Wall: Romanization on Rome`s Northern
... and was the first to construct a wall, eighty miles in length, which was to separate the
barbarians from the Romans.”3 The remaining written evidence on his construction of the
wall is located in epigraphic sources. The question remains of Hadrian’s intentions in the
building of the wall. This is no ...
... armed with plans to reconstitute the tetrarchy, force Diocletian to step down,
and fill the Imperial office with men compliant to his will. Through coercion
and threats, he eventually convinced Diocletian to comply with his plan.
Lactantius also claims that he had done the same to Maximian at Sirmiu ...
The monuments dedicated to the reign of Emperor Trajan
... the army. The visual narration is depicted in low relief (bas relief) and relies little on
naturalistic detail, preferring to show some scenes in multiple perspectives and with figures
on different ground lines. Important characters, such as Trajan, reappear throughout the
frieze and are easily iden ...
The Antonine Wall: Reasons for the Roman Retreat
... left the Brigantes under Venutias’ control for a time80.
Other known important leaders of the time included Boudica who led several tribes in a
revolt against the Romans in 60 CE, Calcagus who was a war leader during the battle of Mons
Graupius in 84 CE, and Cunobelinus who was described as rex Brit ...
... The head of a diocese, the vicarius, was responsible for the general functioning of the
diocese. Nowadays scholars believe that vicarii were intermediate officials between the lower
in rank provincial governors and the higher in rank praetorian prefects. However, there were
exceptions in this hierar ...
use of theses - ANU Repository
... adhered to the politics of the 'surfeited empire'. There can be no doubt
that such differences of opinion existed and had an effect on emperors.
Despite Luttwak's view of the matter, external policy during the
Principate was demonstrably inconsistent. This helps explains why
Tiberius, having helped ...
Untitled - Uni Oldenburg
... Atren!i’s ‘vigorous defending’ (.())%E9* @4(µ':#)"#). Little solid information is conveyed
about the city itself (III. 9, 4): though it probably had ‘enormous strong walls’ ("(E:($
µ(.E&"? ,%- .())%E?) and was ‘teeming with archers’ (@)106) "#S#"6) @,µ'p#J&%), Hatra
was certainly not ‘at the very to ...
Marcomannia in the making
... During the last stages of the Marcommani Wars in the late second century A.D.,
Roman literary sources recorded that the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius was planning
to annex the Germanic territory of the Marcomannic and Quadic tribes. This work will
propose that Marcus Aurelius was going to create a p ...
The Later Roman Empire 285 to 476 AD
... territory plundering towns, villages and farms.
Some provinces along the Danube had suffered from
depopulation. The Romans allowed some tribes to settle
in Roman territory - in exchange for providing troops for
In the East the Persian king became bolder and more
I Caesar: Hadrian
... Pulled back from Parthia and left rule to client kings who would act as
buffer. On Danube he burned only bridge across river even though
Roman settlers were on other side. Many senators appalled. Saw
conquest as way to wealth and glory and felt they had stronger claims to
the throne than a Spaniard ...
Visigoths and Romans: Integration and Ethnicity
... and Goths….”25 This discussion of separateness is extremely relevant to my argument in this
paper, but it is also different from Russell’s opinion.
There are several main positions on barbarians, then. The first is that the Germans were
one of the main causes of the fall of Rome. In opposition, ther ...
Comparisons with imperial Rome in early twentieth
... after some time as it became clear to the American public that Obama continued parts of the
Bush Jr. administration’s foreign policy – most notably the continued large scale involvement of
the US military in foreign wars, such as the military intervention in Libya.11 Debates about post9/11 US foreig ...
- Free Documents
... archaeology grew out of all proportion from being open to the privileged few to an activity
which. too. Archaeology grew. written at the turn of the rst and second centuries ad. in time
span. we could hardly expect from them accounts of Roman Britain that were detailed.
objective and informative. wh ...
... Kelly, Gavin. Ammianus Marcellinus: The Allusive Historian. Cambridge, UK:
Cambridge UP, 2008. Print.
This is the work that I got my idea for my paper on. The book gave me the
ideas of some of the possible agendas, and although I did not agree with
everything, it was a good source to have as a base ...
Roman Staffordshire: the Five Towns and Beyond
... runs from Yorkshire to the West Country. Part of it runs from Little Chester, near
Derby (usually accepted to be Derventio) through Wall and thence on to the fort at
Metchley, south of Birmingham city centre. In so doing, it crossing the south-eastern
corner of the County.
The road that crosses the ...
Defence-in-depth (Roman military)
Defence-in-depth is the term used by American political analyst Edward Luttwak (born 1942) to describe his theory of the defensive strategy employed by the Late Roman army in the 3rd and 4th centuries AD.Luttwak's Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire (1976) launched the thesis that in the 3rd and early 4th centuries, the Imperial Roman army's defence strategy mutated from ""forward defence"" (or ""preclusive defence"") during the Principate era (30 BC-AD 284) to ""defence-in-depth"" in the 4th century. ""Forward-"" or ""preclusive"" defence aimed to neutralise external threats before they breached the Roman borders: the barbarian regions neighbouring the borders were envisaged as the theatres of operations. In contrast, ""defence-in-depth"" would not attempt to prevent incursions into Roman territory, but aimed to neutralise them on Roman soil - in effect turning border provinces into combat zones.Scholarly opinion generally accepts ""forward-defence"" as a valid description of the Roman Empire's defensive posture during the Principate. But many specialists in Roman military history (which Luttwak is not) contest that this posture changed to Luttwak's ""defence-in-depth"" from 284 onwards. Described as ""manifestly wrong"" by the expert on Roman borders, C. R. Whittaker, ""defence-in-depth"" has been criticised as incompatible with 4th-century Roman imperialist ideology (which remained expansionist), Roman strategic planning capabilities, with the evidence of 4th-century Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus and with the vast corpus of excavation evidence from the Roman border regions.