Self-Ambivalence in Obsessive-Compulsive
... overestimation about the importance of thoughts. Despite much support for this
hypothesis, there is a lack of understanding about the role of self-concept in the
maintenance or treatment of OCD. Guidano and Liotti (1983) suggest that individuals
who are ambivalent about their self-worth, personal mo ...
does deep brain stimulation really work?
... key scientific and IVF stakeholders believe are the strengths and weaknesses of this technology,
and their ethical and legal concerns. 3) Evaluate all of the obtained evidence and prioritize the
remaining problems. 4) Recommend potential solutions to remaining problems.
To accomplish objective-1, we ...
Relief from OCD - Anxiety and Depression Association of America
... “obsessive,” “compulsive” and “OCD” incorrectly, leading to myths about the disorder.
OCD is not characterized by stalkers and “obsessed” fans, workaholics, compulsive liars,
compulsive shoppers, gamblers or people with phobias such as fear of heights or flying.
While many people with these problems ...
RUNNING HEAD: SYMPTOMS OF HYPOCHONDRIA IN OCD
... characterized by fear of getting sick in the future, rather than having become ill already,
which is the hypochondriac’s conviction (Fallon, Klein, & Liebowitz, 1993). Also, OCD
patients generally have more insight in their illness than hypochondriacs, being aware that
their thoughts and actions are ...
Long-term outcomes of obsessive–compulsive disorder: follow
... epidemiological studies.1–3 Childhood OCD is associated with
high rates of persistence,4 and a high risk of adult OCD.5 Among
adults with OCD 30–50% report the onset of their symptoms
prior to 18 years of age.6 Paediatric OCD is a treatment-responsive
condition, yet few longitudinal studies are avai ...
Spatial behavior reflects the mental disorder in OCD patients with
... Mental Health Center, Israel. The study was approved
by the Helsinki Committee of Geha Mental Health
Center. Participants signed an informed consent.
Patients and their respective controls were each
videotaped by the psychiatrist and experimenter
at their homes, where they routinely perfor ...
PDF - ijcnmh
... these “not just right” experiences are also frequently described in OCD , these overall features near RB to the
concept of impulsion, but it is important to note that many
of these behaviors may actually be complex motor tics.
Also, the use of terminology impulsion in TS, although is
related mai ...
Vuong_TM_et_al_26.05.16 - Research Explorer
... worries about medical insurance and cost of treatment (Marques et al, 2010; Baer et
al 2008), fear of stigma and shame (Marques et al 2010; Belloch et al, 2012), and
views about treatment ineffectiveness (Marques et al, 2010; Goodwin et al 2002 and
Baer et al 2008). There is a recognition of the iss ...
new targets for deep brain stimulation?
... later known as frontal lobotomy, in which the connection between the prefrontal lobes and other parts of the
brain were disrupted in patients suffering from mental disorders.
In 1947, Spiegel and colleagues helped improving this technique by the invention of a stereotaxic
apparatus for the human bra ...
Deep Brain Stimulation for Psychiatric Disorders
... Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an invasive neurosurgical intervention being investigated for several psychiatric disorders, most
notably treatment-resistant depression (TRD)
and treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive
disorder (OCD), but also Tourette’s Syndrome
(TS), Alzheimer’s dementia (AD), a ...
Psychology Term Paper
... having your possessions clean such as your house, office, car, etc. These compulsions can be
treated to an extent. Through observations, it is simple to conclude that everyone has a form of
an obsession, very much like OCD, that can benefit bright and new concepts throughout the
According to ...
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
... more and more. Hiding these behaviors becomes complex and stressful, and they may only
become apparent long after the child first began experiencing the signs of OCD. Although
families do not actually cause OCD, family members’ reactions to the disorder affect the
symptoms. Factors within the family ...
... the ID are only partially repressed and so provoke anxiety. The
use of ego defence mechanisms reduce the anxiety. The 3 most
common defences in terms of OCD are:
isolation ( people attempt to isolate themselves, or disown
undesirable thoughts and impulses. When the forces of the ID
dominate, the imp ...
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychiatric disorder
... People often wonder what exactly is Obsessive-compulsive disorder. A good
scenario that would help understand this is best looked at from an early age. I will briefly
describe a daily routine of a little girl that I use to know back in grade school. She often
wake up and go to the bathroom and wash ...
Mind the (explanatory) gap - California State University, Fullerton
... • All of the reported analyses were based on the 1-parameter
PWF, which does not account for elevation.
• Although the elevation parameter (s) in the PWF improves
model-fit within subjects, it interacts with the other parameters
of the model, making them all more difficult to interpret.
• Correlati ...
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - National Association of School
... normal functioning. Some people can delay
the behaviors, but this is very difficult and they
will nearly always need to perform the ritual
later. Students who are able to delay their
compulsions while in class, for example, may
need a private place to go to perform rituals at
a later time during the ...
Understanding Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
... Most adults with this condition recognize that what they're doing is senseless, but they can't stop it. Some
people, though, particularly children with OCD, may not realize that their behavior is out of the ordinary.
OCD strikes men and women in approximately equal numbers and afflicts roughly 1 in ...
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
... In about <5% of cases of OCD in children, it is felt that a contributory medical condition causing
OCD symptoms is PANDAS (pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with
streptococcal infection). It is characterized by sudden onset or exacerbation of OCD symptoms in
the presence of ...
... • The treatment of choice, for both adult and
child OCD; superior to meds alone
• Primarily focuses on EX/RP, which has shown
effect sizes of 1.16-1.72
• Low (12%) relapse rate, but up to 25% will
drop out prior to completion of treatment
Psychosurgery, also called neurosurgery for mental disorder (NMD), is the neurosurgical treatment of mental disorder. Psychosurgery has always been a controversial medical field. The modern history of psychosurgery begins in the 1880s under the Swiss psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt. The first significant foray into psychosurgery in the twentieth century was conducted by the Portuguese neurologist Egas Moniz who during the mid-1930s developed the operation known as leucotomy. The practice was enthusiastically taken up in the United States by the neuropsychiatrist Walter Freeman and the neurosurgeon James W. Watts who devised what became the standard prefrontal procedure and named their operative technique lobotomy, although the operation was called leucotomy in the United Kingdom. In spite of the award of the Nobel prize to Moniz in 1949, the use of psychosurgery declined during the 1950s. By the 1970s the standard Freeman-Watts type of operation was very rare, but other forms of psychosurgery, although used on a much smaller scale, survived. Some countries have abandoned psychosurgery altogether; in others, for example the US and the UK, it is only used in a few centres on small numbers of people with depression or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).In some countries it is also used in the treatment of schizophrenia and other disorders.Psychosurgery is a collaboration between psychiatrists and neurosurgeons. During the operation, which is carried out under a general anaesthetic and using stereotactic methods, a small piece of brain is destroyed or removed. The most common types of psychosurgery in current or recent use are capsulotomy, cingulotomy, subcaudate tractotomy and limbic leucotomy. Lesions are made by radiation, thermo-coagulation, freezing or cutting. About a third of patients show significant improvement in their symptoms after operation.Advances in surgical technique have greatly reduced the incidence of death and serious damage from psychosurgery; the remaining risks include seizures, incontinence, decreased drive and initiative, weight gain, and cognitive and affective problems.Currently, interest in the neurosurgical treatment of mental illness is shifting from ablative psychosurgery (where the aim is to destroy brain tissue) to deep brain stimulation (DBS) where the aim is to stimulate areas of the brain with implanted electrodes.