Medieval medicine of Western Europe
Medieval medicine in Western Europe was composed of a mixture of existing ideas from antiquity, spiritual influences and what Claude Lévi-Strauss identifies as the ""shamanistic complex"" and ""social consensus."" In this era, there was no tradition of scientific medicine, and observations went hand-in-hand with spiritual influences.In the Early Middle Ages, following the fall of the Western Roman Empire, standard medical knowledge was based chiefly upon surviving Greek and Roman texts, preserved in monasteries and elsewhere. Many simply placed their hopes in the church and God to heal all their sicknesses. However, there were medieval doctors. They did not know much legitimate information, as they had no basic understanding of the human anatomy, and antibiotics had not yet been discovered, so there was not much, then, that they could do for their patients. Ideas about the origin and cure of disease were not purely secular, but were also based on a world view in which factors such as destiny, sin, and astral influences played as great a part as any physical cause. The efficacy of cures was similarly bound in the beliefs of patient and doctor rather than empirical evidence, so that remedia physicalia (physical remedies) were often subordinate to spiritual intervention.