The operation and experience of Multi
... guidance to inform decision-making. In most cases, the offender had consented to this.
This was seen to be effective in enhancing child protection and disclosures had been
made to a range of agencies including accommodation providers, employers, voluntary
groups and other services providers.
Manual of presentation of methods of intervention
... promotion of the effective reintegration into society shall be guaranteed.
◗ The personnel in contact with the juveniles for all matters concerning them
should be qualified, specialized, professionally instructed and trained (including
educators, vocational instructors, counsellors, social workers, ...
This six hour curriculum was created by the National Center for State
... This six hour curriculum was created by the National Center for State Courts (NCSC) with
financial support from the US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance. It is an
updated and revised version of a model judicial education curriculum originally
created by the NCSC, the National Judic ...
To Blame or to Forgive? - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies
... and corresponding risk-reduction strategies.7 In this respect, our proposal is
allied with, yet distinct from, recent developments in restorative justice theory
and practice. Like restorative justice, we aim to justify and develop criminal
justice practices that move away from retribution, and towar ...
Swift and Certain
... behaviour, then it is likely to have little impact on individual actions.
Offenders, particularly those who commit prolific relatively minor crimes, tend
to be impulsive, reckless and short-term oriented. The potential consequences
of punishment at some unspecified future time, and with unpredictabl ...
The Globalization of Juvenile Justice
... of the judiciary in the U.S. to address the unfolding dimensions of recent U.S.
Supreme Court decisions, which invoke a constitutional norm concerning life
sentences for juvenile offenders that is compatible with that found in the Convention
on the Rights of Children.
A concept of the globalization ...
Report of - Ombudsman
... Finally I note with appreciation the very ready assistance that was provided to me
by the various agencies and other organisations involved, whether operationally
or by linkage, in criminal justice. All were enthusiastic and anxious to contribute
to improving the system and processes directed toward ...
A revolution in the way we manage offenders
... They are also a group that are the most likely to desist and ‘grow out of crime’. The right
intervention can speed up this process; the wrong one can slow desistance and extend the
period that a young adult is involved in the criminal justice system. There is a strong
emerging body of evidence about ...
Reparation and Restoration
... better guidance for defining some key terms. For example, reparation was first defined explicitly
in international law in a 1928 case heard in the Permanent Court of International Justice,
although there is considerable debate as to whether the principles in that case are applicable to all
FREE Sample Here - We can offer most test bank and
... a. Without ethical decision making, it is possible that individual civil rights and liberties
b. Agents of the criminal justice system have access to citizens' most personal information,
raising concerns of privacy and confidentiality.
c. Justice system personnel may work in an environ ...
Second Chances: A Comparison of Civic
... community justice. The reparative boards that function in Vermont’s CJCs use community panels to
serve as an alternative process outside the court system, by maintaining offenders in the community,
holding them accountable, and engaging them in community service and reparative practices such as
Restitution, Rehabilitation, Prevention, and
... discourse to describe today's juvenile offenders. [FN1] Such characterizations foster a perception that youth crime is
out of control, and that the best way to rein it in is to "get tough" on juvenile offenders and to treat them as adult
criminals. In this regard, punishment, deterrence, and communi ...
Breaking the Cycle - Prison Reform Trust
... serving sentences of imprisonment for public protection (IPPs) who have reached their tariff, it
should be incumbent on the state to demonstrate that an individual poses a very serious risk of
future harm. As the Prison Reform Trust’s report Unjust Desertsx states ‘those who receive the
sentence fin ...
the three “r`s” of reentry
... close friends. The cohesion among families
varies and so do the services they need.
Some are stable units that need little or no
help; others are less stable and can improve
with focused counseling that helps repair
`Restorative Justice as a Unifying Force for Child Justice
... of the Welfare Approach (1998) 5-7. See however Cleland, (“Under Threat: Scotland’s
Unique Welfare-Based Forum for Decisions About Children” (2005) unpublished
conference paper) who raises concerns that the approach has been diluted by the
introduction of the Antisocial Behaviour (Scotland) Act 2004 ...
CHAPTER 3 3.1 Self Check page 80 Do you understand what an
... system was found to not need the broad discretion that was originally assumed
to be necessary, and (3) due process was found to help, rather than hinder, the
treatment of juveniles.
3.7 Self Check page 95
1. What fundamental changes to juvenile justice in the United States were made
by the Balanced ...
Glen Flett (Member at large until October 2010
... and isolation that many offenders feel is often clouded by their denial of guilt, which is
expressed by anger, and a sense of victimization. 1 In order for offenders to change their
behaviour, they need to be accountable for what they have done to their victims, their
families and the community. Onl ...
Models of Distributive Justice
... The most immediate is a substantial question, concerning the conditions under which
particular distributive arrangements can be said to be just or unjust. The second, deeper,
question concerns the nature of justice itself. What is justice? Here we can distinguish
three views. First, justice as mutua ...
B. Ph.D. DEAN LANHAM,
... Understanding the behavioral profiler emphasizing if anyone can be trained to be a
Juvenile behavioral profiling as preventive measures to deter and solve juvenile crime,
Distributive Justice Distributive justice concerns the fair, just or
... justice and self-interest and that these even lead to self-deception, i.e., people often form false
beliefs about what is fair in order to align those beliefs more closely with their self-interest (see,
for example, Babcock and Loewenstein, 1997). Thus, it is important to distinguish biased views
Catholic Social Teaching
... It is noteworthy that forty years lapsed before the writing of a second social encyclical,
Quadragesimo Anno (The Reconstruction of the Social Order). It is also noteworthy that the last
thirty years have seen rapid development in this aspect of the church’s life.
Essentially the development of the ...
... 5. Revise the excluding factors that do not allow applying mediation: are the victim’s interests
represented in these exclusions?
6. Revise the over-regulated aspects, eg. do not limit the number of participants.
7. Train about the main differences between the retributive and restorative approach.
RCJ Mono - International Organization for Victim Assistance
... their lives.
• For a little over fifteen years, there has been an effort to refocus the criminal justice
response to offenders to address not only retribution but offender accountability.
Models of “restorative justice,” as this approach is generically called, have focused
on victim/offender mediati ...
Restorative justice is an approach to justice that focuses on the needs of the victims and the offenders, as well as the involved community, instead of satisfying abstract legal principles or punishing the offender. Victims take an active role in the process, while offenders are encouraged to take responsibility for their actions, ""to repair the harm they've done—by apologizing, returning stolen money, or community service"". In addition, it provides help for the offender in order to avoid future offences. It is based on a theory of justice that considers crime and wrongdoing to be an offence against an individual or community, rather than the state. Restorative justice that fosters dialogue between victim and offender shows the highest rates of victim satisfaction and offender accountability.