Chronology of the Reformation
... 2 May 1507: Luther says his first Mass and is terror stricken over the responsibility
9 March 1509: Baccalaureus biblicus awarded to Martin Luther at Erfurt University
10 July1509: John Calvin born in Noyon, France, studied for the priesthood
Autumn 1509: Baccalaureus sententiarius awarded to Martin ...
Martin Luther. - Church Society
... the same time austere, and obstinate to a fault. He was, too, a man of some education, and
read such books as he could obtain, although we can well believe that at the latter end of the
fifteenth century these would be few indeed, notwithstanding that the revival of letters had
then already set in ...
Martin Luther - Two Views - Catholic Truth Society Pamphlets
... throw oneself into God's hands and believe, put one's entire trust in Jesus Christ. Grace alone, according to Luther,
enabled man not only to keep the law but live the life of charity to which he was called by the Word of God in the
There are a number of texts in which Luther desc ...
Calvin and the Origin of "Macho Theology"
... Calvin polarized his evidence from the outset. As a consequence he often distorted the facts of the case of his
opponents. As a result, the object of his attack was not at all the actual teaching of those he was trying to
expose. Added to this was the common use of derogatory names during this perio ...
國立中山大學外國語文所 碩士論文 神權的確立：一窺改革派作者的
... Reformers. Like Marsilius, both Luther and William Tyndale begin their respective works
with antipapal rhetoric. Luther’s An Appeal to the Ruling Class of German Nationality as to
the Amelioration of the State of Christendom (1520) attacks the “three walls” he felt protected
the pope’s erroneous act ...
martin luther - Christianity For Thinkers Home Page
... series of lectures in 1515 on Paul’s Letter to the Romans. Luther suddenly seized
upon the words in Romans 1:17—“The righteous man shall live by faith.” He
realized at last that he did not have to earn God’s love or God’s favor through his
own righteous conduct; he merely had to trust God for the sa ...
Zwingli and Anabaptists
... Communion “in both kinds” was offered to the laity
General public education, with no class distinction, became the
Bugenhagen - Lutheran Church–Canada
... his writings, along with his translation of the Bible into
German, made him one of the world’s most influential
men in history.
As time progressed, Luther
found that he needed more and
more to rely on others who also
correctly understood the Gospel.
He had others with whom he
worked and dialogued, a ...
alarmed by the voice of jack deere
... in order to explain why he believes that God is speaking today on a frequent basis
to Christians who will listen (307-20). This divine communication reportedly
includes the realms of specific information about other people (13-17), events that
are both past and future (343-58), and particular direct ...
Notes for next week!
... Walden reports that Wyclif “began to determine matters upon the sacrament of the
altar.” To attempt an innovation at this crucial point required courage of the highest
order. In 12 theses he declared the Church’s doctrine unscriptural and misleading.
For the first time since the promulgation of the ...
Humanist Theologians - Blackwell Publishing
... exclusively to the Bible. He did so in three stages, comparable to three “conversions,” becoming commentator, translator, and, with his disciples, preacher. From
1509, when he was in contact with Josse Clichtove – his earliest disciple – Charles
de Bovelles, Alain de Varènes – who later kept their d ...
SERMONS BY THE REV. JOHN VENN, M. A. RECTOR OF
... faith, and the other by works; the question recurs, “Do they not contradict
each other?” I answer: In words they may appear to do so; but then this
circumstance must be taken into the account, that an author’s meaning is to
be collected rather from the general sense of a passage, than from a few
... relating to civil law and the role of jurists.4 Despite Luther’s developing tolerance of nonscriptural law, however, Hӧpfl stresses that the extra-biblical content of the Lutheran
approach to authority was not merely pragmatic, and that Luther’s theology could itself
accommodate secular law.5 This s ...
Protestant Perspectives on the Uses of the New
... matters of substantial morality left to individual conscience, guided
by scripture, tradition, reason, and experience. Since these various
resources are each interpreted in somewhat different ways within
Protestant thought, it is not possible to state the Protestant moral
position about the use of t ...
World History I Reading Questions
... 3. Compare the significance of Peter’s mission with that of Paul for
the later history of the church?
4. Given what you know about Athenian life, was Paul’s reception in
Athens typical of what you might expect there? How did it differ
from his testament in Jerusalem?
5. In what ways was the Ch ...
How Do We Know the Bible is True? article
... the Bible, He overtly upheld belief in several Old Testament stories, and revered the Bible as
holy and authoritative.
The cornerstone of Christian belief is the resurrection of Christ. Even Paul the Apostle admitted
that if the resurrection did not happen, Christian faith "is futile; you are still ...
CHURCH HISTORY PART 1
... Pliny described Christian worship; they met at day break
for singing unto Christ.
They abstain from theft, adultery and other evils.
Trajan instructed Pliny not to seek out Christians but to
punish them if a complaint is received.
This correspondence would indicate that Christianity's
spread was a c ...
Marol Feickert - Martin Luther
... Luther; the cost was not terribly excessive for most people in Germany’s growing middle class. Instead, Luther
felt that the selling of indulgences was a mockery of true faith and the meaning of salvation.
In the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church was spending a tremendous amount of ...
[Gē`zus] (“the Lord is salvation”)
... Temple officials to his care). “Upon learning of Mary’s pregnancy, Joseph, being a righteous man,
sought to put her away without public disgrace.” (Holman Dictionary) “His willingness not to have
Mary stoned when she was found to be pregnant, and his acceptance of the message of the angel (Matt
Questions to Consider
... could not see clearly how to obey Christ's commandment to love our enemies.
Everything is in shameful confusion; everywhere I see only cruelty, plots, frauds,
violence, injustice, shamelessness while the poor groan under the oppression and the
innocent are arrogantly and outrageously harassed. God m ...
Lesson 30 Martin Luther and the Protestant Revolution
... • Too heavily immersed in Italian and European politics, Pope
Leo X took little more than a casual notice of Luther’s
propositions that had been forward to him, considering them
a relatively unimportant debate among monks. However, by
the summer of 1518, Luther had been summoned to Rome by
the Pope ...
format - CSDirectory.com
... “The sixth chapter opens with Darius the Mede’s reorganization of the kingdom.” (Eerdmans
Commentary) He “divides his kingdom into 120 satrapies, the whole being superintended by three
higher officials, of whom Daniel was one (vv.1,2)." (Dummelow Commentary)
“Daniel had lived over sixty years [is of ...
The Anatomy of Exposition: Logos, Ethos, and Pathos
... together that they do not even try. They
have lost their hermeneutical nerve. They
forget, among other things, that God is the
author of Scripture, and that he had a
future audience in mind when he caused
Scripture to be written.6
A more prosaic possibility, and alas, an
all too prevalent one, is th ...
The History of the Reformation (II)
... 31. One who bona fide buys indulgence is a rare as a bona fide penitent man, i.e. very rare indeed.
32. All those who believe themselves certain of their own salvation by means if letters of indulgence, will be eternally damned, together with their teachers.
Guided by the Word - Our Lady of Peace
... Bread and wine. The bread and wine represent the Eucharist and the other
sacraments that help us to experience the real presence of Jesus in our lives.
Crucifix. Jesus is our guide and our model as a disciple. This crucifix
represents a reminder of the depths of the love and sacrifice made for each ...
Sola scriptura (Latin ablative, ""by Scripture alone"") is the Christian doctrine that the Bible is the supreme authority in all matters of doctrine and practice. Sola scriptura does not deny that other authorities govern Christian life and devotion, but sees them all as subordinate to and corrected by the written word of God.Sola scriptura is a formal principle of many Protestant Christian denominations, and one of the five solas. It was a foundational doctrinal principle of the Protestant Reformation held by the Reformers, who taught that authentication of Scripture is governed by the discernible excellence of the text as well as the personal witness of the Holy Spirit to the heart of each man. Some Evangelical and Baptist denominations state the doctrine of sola scriptura more strongly: Scripture is self-authenticating, clear (perspicuous) to the rational reader, its own interpreter (""Scripture interprets Scripture""), and sufficient of itself to be the final authority of Christian doctrine.By contrast, the Anglican Communion and the Methodist Church, though generally considered a form of Protestantism, uphold the doctrine of prima scriptura, with Sacred Scripture being illumined by tradition, reason, and in Methodism, experience as well, thus completing the four sides of the Wesleyan Quadrilateral.