Walker Percy and the Magic of Naming
... He had twin kings to depose – kings that had ruled over Western culture since the
Enlightenment – Newtonian science and Cartesian dualism. In Percy’s academic world, the scientific
paradigm took precedence over Descartes’ “ghost in a machine” and certainly over the conservative
Christian view. But i ...
Wittgenstein`s Tractatus Logico
... one; it is also not obvious that there is anything more problematic here than in the
supposition that all objects are complex itself.
The argument from understanding. A slightly different form of argument can also be
given for the conclusion here, by employing a thought Wittgenstein expresses later
Logic Notes 2006
... The following treatment of complex arguments is largely borrowed from Bernard D. Katz, Logic Notes
View PDF - CiteSeerX
... pressure boils at 100 degrees centigrade,” he does so under certain conditions.
What is the relationship between sentences of this kind and their conditions for
assent? It is not description since they “describe” too much.
Some positivists respond by replacing verification conditions with confirmati ...
Taking reincarnation seriously
... In work subsequent to Death and Eternal Life, Hick downplays talk of ‘personal identity’
across different lives, not least because he is aware that this terminology is problematic in the
context of Buddhism. Buddhists – or, at any rate, those schools of Buddhism with which Hick
has the closest affi ...
5 derrida`s critique of husserl and the philosophy of presence
... Derrida follows Heidegger’s distinction between (a) the sense of Being, (b) the word Being, and (c)
the concept of Being. For Heidegger’s discussion of this, see Martin Heidegger, Sein und Zeit, 12th
ed. (Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1972), English translation, John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson,
RETRANSMITTABILITY AND EMPIRICAL PROPOSITIONS
... definition of knowledge. Unlike justificationists, they do not
attach great importance to definitions of philosophical terms.
They see knowledge as consisting of a collection of conjectural
and tentative theories that may well be replaced by better theories as these come along in the future. Scienti ...
Defending the Subjective Component of Susan Wolf`s “Fitting
... objectivism within the debate of life’s meaning, stating that both parts are necessary for a life
to be meaningful. The main question of this essay is if Wolf’s claim that, besides an objective
component, a subjective component is necessary for meaning in life is accurate or if the
critics have show ...
EXPERIENCE AND PERCEPTUAL BELIEF
... of science’. We cannot test scientific theories against introspective reports from
scientists, because scientific theories (save for theories belonging to introspective
psychology) say nothing about what the introspective activities of scientists will or
will not reveal about their psyches. [If we f ...
Wittgenstein on the Experience of Meaning
... different sentences; in the other, something that is expressed only by these
words in these positions (PI 531; cf. LW II, p. 39; PG, 32, p. 69)
In this sense he attaches special importance to an elusive feature of meaning to which
he refers as the “feeling”, “voice”, “face”, “look”, “physiognomy”, “ ...
babel and derrida
... And it is clear that Derrida makes no attempt to read the
Tower of Babel narrative closely within its context in Genesis or
within the Hebrew Bible as a whole. He fails, firstly, to note that the
narrative deals with the descendants of Shem, Ham and Japheth and
treats the story as though it is deali ...
The “Silence” of Wittgenstein and Kraus
... The most significant change in how he went about it is the replacement of
analysis by context as the dominant crux of clarification, as elaborated in the
opening sixty-five sections of the Philosophical Investigations.6 Analysis may still
be a method of clarification where truth-claims are involved ...
REASONS FOR THE MITZVOT (PART I)
... then, that intellection results from an encounter that takes
place in time and space.
The Active Intellect, in contrast, according to its
philosophical definition, is the unity of the knowing mind and
that which is known. What does this unity mean?
This idea of unity is connected to the point that w ...
Wittgenstein`s Grammar of Emotions
... «can’t be justified by reality» (BT: 148e). But what does it mean that grammar
cannot be justified?
First, it means that the rules of grammar cannot be derived from any pre-existent
meaning of the words that they are supposed to govern. For example, the fact that
two negations yield an affirmation c ...
The Undiscovered Wittgenstein
... mind his conviction that philosophy can be expressed in the formal mode of
speech. As regards the topic under discussion here [privacy], his position was that
there are no private objects, but he would not have formulated his position that
way. He had so diligently trained himself to avoid the mater ...
"Wittgenstein, Ludwig" In: The International Encyclopedia of Ethics
... can be said and what can only be shown (Wittgenstein 1974 : 4.1212), though
it is controversial how it is to be applied. On one view, the ethical sentences of
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus – like its other philosophical sentences, about the
existence of objects, for example – express what wou ...
Explaining the disquotational principle
... priorities of mind and language more sharply: find some necessary truth connecting linguistic
and mental facts and ask whether that necessary truth is to be explained in terms of the essence
of the linguistic, or of the mental, facts.
An example of such a necessary truth is the following (simplified ...
Cato Wittusen - University of Chicago
... for a slice of pizza instead of a token.6 Thus, even though the uses of ‘fat’ and ‘lean’ are
palpably different from the familiar ones, it is not clear in what sense we could rightly argue
that the word must have taken on a new meaning. This problem seems even more pressing
against the backdrop of v ...
Aspects of Visual Epistemology: On the “Logic” of the Iconic Dieter
... of relationships is revealed – together with their discursive connections – since
thinking from now on means speaking, while knowledge manifests itself in
propositions, which refer to the world and whose references are realized in true/
false distinctions. Otherwise, like transposed modes of speech, ...
saying and showing the good
... of objects or of facts, that there is no world. To suppose that he did would be to attribute to him a
simplistic understanding of the notions of what there is (“reality”) and of what there is not, to
suppose that, by rejecting a simplistic “realism,” he accepted a simplistic “antirealism.” It would
Is the language of intuitionistic mathematics adequate for
... The task of turning these meaning explanations into a precise definition is
proving to be extremely difficult (I discuss some of the difficulties in my papers
(1999) and (2000)). Meanwhile, many philosophers have claimed that these
explanations are internally incoherent, so that the attempt to make ...
The Objectivity of the Past
... III. Davidson’s Deflationary Externalism
At first blush, the likelihood of finding a more substantive notion of representation in
Davidson’s work does not appear promising. Davidson seems, at times, to have taken
a rather dim view of the prospect of a representational relation between language, on
Chapter 2 Metaphysics, Fideism, Speculation
... very root, precisely insofar as it is intended to access an absolute
existence. For its inference, according to which if God is perfect,
then he must exist, claims to be a necessary one. But even if we
were to grant that this necessity is not merely sophistical, it still
would not have proven the ex ...
- ANU Repository
... anti-realism depends on the assumption that a theory of meaning should
explain how speakers understand one another.
The theory should
therefore describe linguistic abilities in terms of communicable
of linguistic practice:
those which are exhaustively
manifest in use. I call this the manife ...
Kant`s Critique of the Ontological Argument: FAIL
... The same holds for Kant’s final point offered in defense of the claim that
existence is not a predicate or a property in the case of God. 10 According to Kant, the
notion of existence adds nothing to the concept of a thing by way of increased meaning or
information. Thus, the substantive content of ...
Problem of religious language
The problem of religious language considers whether it is possible to talk about God meaningfully if the traditional conceptions of God as being incorporeal, infinite, and timeless, are accepted. Because these traditional conceptions of God make it difficult to describe God, religious language has the potential to be meaningless. Theories of religious language either attempt to demonstrate that such language is meaningless, or attempt to show how religious language can still be meaningful.Traditionally, religious language has been explained as via negativa, analogy, symbolism, or myth, each of which describes a way of talking about God in human terms. The via negativa is a way of referring to God according to what God is not; analogy uses human qualities as standards against which to compare divine qualities; symbolism is used non-literally to describe otherwise ineffable experiences; and a mythological interpretation of religion attempts to reveal fundamental truths behind religious stories. Alternative explanations of religious language cast it as having political, performative, or imperative functions.Empiricist David Hume's requirement that claims about reality must be verified by evidence influenced the logical positivist movement, particularly the philosopher A. J. Ayer. The movement proposed that, for a statement to hold meaning, it must be possible to verify its truthfulness empirically – with evidence from the senses. Consequently, the logical positivists argued that religious language must be meaningless because the propositions it makes are impossible to verify. Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein has been regarded as a logical positivist by some academics because he distinguished between things that can and cannot be spoken about; others have argued that he could not have been a logical positivist because he emphasised the importance of mysticism. British philosopher Antony Flew proposed a similar challenge based on the principle that, in so far as assertions of religious belief cannot be empirically falsified, religious statements are rendered meaningless.The analogy of games – most commonly associated with Ludwig Wittgenstein – has been proposed as a way of establishing meaning in religious language. The theory asserts that language must be understood in terms of a game: just as each game has its own rules determining what can and cannot be done, so each context of language has its own rules determining what is and is not meaningful. Religion is classified as a possible and legitimate language game which is meaningful within its own context. Various parables have also been proposed to solve the problem of meaning in religious language. R. M. Hare used his parable of a lunatic to introduce the concept of ""bliks"" – unfalsifiable beliefs according to which a worldview is established – which are not necessarily meaningless. Basil Mitchell used a parable to show that faith can be logical, even if it seems unverifiable. John Hick used his parable of the Celestial City to propose his theory of eschatological verification, the view that if there is an afterlife, then religious statements will be verifiable after death.