COMPLEX NETWORK APPROACHES TO SMALL TEAM ANALYSIS. CONFLICT AND GENDER
... Despite the well-documented benefits of working in teams, teamwork also
results in communication, coordination and management costs, and may
lead to personal conflict between team members. In a context where teams
play an increasingly important role, it is of major importance to understand
A Strategic Conflict Assessment in Zambia
... products of a confluence of multiple factors.21 They may be cultural, economic,
historical, political, social, and so on. Recognising that civil conflict is rarely
over a single issue, this theory acknowledges the complexity of civil conflicts.22
Various theoretical approaches have categorised the c ...
The dynamics of conflict in the multiethnic union of Myanmar : PCIA
... on the political process and thus on decisions affecting their lives. Like society at large, they have
been disenfranchised by a strongly centralised
military state that regards them with intense suspicion. They have felt the loss of political and economic power even more acutely than the majority
The Primacy of Politics in Separatism
... Levels of (male) education and sub-national group skills. Some recent studies of
civil conflict have argued that young males are more likely to engage in combat if they
are less educated, as their lack of education reduces the opportunity cost of violence
(Collier and Hoeffler 2001). In addition, th ...
Governance and Conflict Relapse
... to ensure that governments pursue policies that effectively reduce relative deprivation.
However, in practice the hypothesis also requires that the elected decision-makers abide by their
own laws, that the military, or actors with the means to grease politicians, are unable to influence
decisions in ...
Science Journals — AAAS
... states involved to be able to engage one another militarily. There are
barriers to war that are difficult for most states to surmount. Chief
among these barriers is physical distance. Some degree of proximity
is usually necessary for states to develop conflicts of interest serious
enough to escalate ...
Homo Economicus Goes to War - UCLA Division of Social Sciences
... instability) may depend on whether the incumbent or state has an edge (Mehlum & Moene,
2000); in others, e.g., Collier (various), the
presumption is that wars start with the decision
of rebels and the analysis abstracts from much
of state policy and from state violence. There is
no discussion of whe ...
Fueling Conflict? (De)Escalation and Bilateral Aid
... resources increases its capability to suppress conflict and higher state capacity lowers the risk of conflict by
reducing the likelihood of successful capture (Besley and Persson, 2011a). It thus diminishes the expected
value of rebellion. Part of the state capacity effect could run through military ...
Political Irrelevance, Democracy, and the Limits of Militarized Conflict
... original formulation, agrees: ‘‘the vast majority [of dyads] are nearly irrelevant. The
countries comprising them were too far apart and too weak militarily, with few serious
interests potentially in conflict, for them plausibly to engage in any militarized diplomatic dispute’’ (p. 627, emphasis add ...
An Analysis of the Maoist Movement in Nepal
... Nepal—conditions of the rural economy. This is particularly important given the Maoist
movement is predominantly a rural phenomenon. While most of the literature on conflict
in Nepal recognize the rural conditions for the insurgency (such as those of landlessness,
agriculture stagnation), they fail ...
1 ETHNIC IDENTITY AND ETHNIC CONFLICTS
... “distributive approach to ethnic conflict resolution”, as opposed to structural approaches based on
creating a political framework. He points out that such an approach can include preferential
policies aimed at raising certain groups to a position of equality through investment, employment
... move away from the mainstream and toward the margins of the field, they begin to
look toward the margins of other fields that may overlap and fill in those gaps. This
interaction outside of disciplinary boundaries provides the grounds for intellectual
cross-fertilization, and it is often the site at ...
On the escalation and de-escalation of conflict
... because it can focus on fundamental mechanisms through the control and opportunity to
replicate that it offers. The experimental literature on conflict is recent and small (Abbink,
2012). For convenience, we will review this literature in the next section.
This paper presents an experimental study i ...
www.ssoar.info Resource curse or rentier peace? : the ambiguous
... for most of the mechanisms to be operating. It might be dependence that makes
conflict likelier in the first place: only in
economies with a monolithic structure that
offers limited alternatives to earn income is
the resource in question likely to become
a problem. Obviously, the ‘grievance’ and
Conflict Linkages: Democratic Institutions and Their Effect on Ethnic
... With regard to other aspects of Lijphart’s consociational model, Horowitz (1985)
questions the plausibility of a “grand coalition,” contending that political tension and intraethnic
competition will constrain the opportunities for interethnic cooperation. The importance of
proportional elections as ...
A Shadow Economy Model of Ethnic Conflict
... resources, lack of economic opportunity or legal disenfranchisement. Access can be
lacking due to political actions of the state, social action by other groups, or general lack
of resources in the society. The problem is that actions taken to make a group more
secure, makes other groups feel less se ...
Conflict Management and the Durability of Peace
... Third parties become involved in the disputes that are amongst the most difficult
to resolve. These disputes are thus more likely to result in short-lived outcomes.
However, this is because third parties get the tough cases, and not because third parties
have a negative effect on agreements (Gartner ...
Country Indicators for Foreign Policy
... international data sources containing a well-rounded assortment of indicators pertaining
to economics, politics, social development, the environment and conflict histories. There
are clear advantages to basing early warning reports on a large and diverse set of
information. The development of many c ...
Issue paper (Workshop D) Conflict of Interest
... Conflict of interest is a complex issue that reflect structural problems of any uncivilized society. It relates with
several facets including socio-cultural, political, and administrative. If government officials lack of ethical
immunity in enhancing values and cultural systems then they lost of con ...
Social conflict - SAGE Publications
... action, this shared space, has the effect of ensuring
that the issues at stake in the conflict are recognized
by the actors who oppose one another, struggling to
control the same resources, the same values or the
same power. Georg Simmel (1903) gives a good
illustration of this specific point by rec ...
Conflict Recurrence - Peace Research Institute Oslo
... cases of complete victory or the signing of a
peace agreement, the determination of the
end of conflict is relatively clear. A period
of armed conflict is followed by a significant
period of peace. Short interludes of a couple
of months between periods of fighting, in
contrast, are clearly cases of ...
SD Draft_feb28_compl.. - University of Colorado Boulder
... territory as a “container” of salient explanatory features. Some arguments do not stray far from
environmental deterministic assertions, but the majority implies that certain geographic circumstances
influence the onset and proliferation of war. Absolute location perspectives contend that civil war ...
this PDF file - Studies in Political Economy
... their search to devise which of "greed" or "grievances" was
the chief motivation of rebellion.? They first interpreted this
result as evidence that civil war resulted from greed over
valuable and plentiful resources, rather than grievances over
scarce resources. While Collier and Hoeffler recently r ...
Greed versus grievance
The phrase ""greed versus grievance"" or ""greed and grievance"" refer to the two baseline arguments put forward by scholars of armed conflict on the causes of civil war, though the argument has been extended to other forms of war.""Greed"" is shorthand for the argument that combatants in armed conflicts are motivated by a desire to better their situation, and perform an informal cost-benefit analysis in examining if the rewards of joining a rebellion are greater than not joining. ""Grievance"" stands for the argument that people rebel over issues of identity, e.g. ethnicity, religion, social class, etc., rather than over economics. In practice, even proponents of strong versions of these arguments admit that the opposing argument has some influence in the development of a conflict.