... This is clinically significant because
abnormalities can arise there just as
they can in other areas of the breast.
During breast examinations, this area
should be palpated.
Breasts are never identical, comparing
right to left. One is invariably a little
larger, slightly different in shape, and
62 yr old Female was found to have a right breast
... Recommendation: She was advised lumpectomy and sentinel node biopsy
pending further recommendations after sentinel node biopsy and ER, PgR data.
Pathology: Infiltrating ductal carcinoma long with DCIS. T 1 C, N 1 , M x .
Margins of resection clear.
Estrogen Receptor status: 90% positive
Hormone Information - Female - Dr. Michael Schoenwalder, DO
... than to do the research. Bioidentical hormones DO NOT carry the same risk of breast cancer like the ORAL,
synthetic estrogens/testosterones. Oral prescription estrogens do not maintain the correct balance of estrogens or
their metabolites. Intermuscular (IM) injections and pellets DO NOT increase th ...
... estrogen antagonist in breast tissue, agonist in bone, agonist in uterine tissue
binds to ER-alpha receptor
decreased risk of breast cancer
decreased LDL and total cholesterol
side effects: increased risk of thromboembolism
Bisphosphonates – Pryrophosphate homologs
side effects: heartbur ...
... reviewed this form, and all questions have been answered.
Effects of Estrogen
I identify as a woman and will, therefore, be treated with estrogen. As a
result of taking estrogen I expect to experience: some breast growth; some
redistribution of body fat to approximate to a female pattern; decreased
Role of Histopathology in metastatic breast cancer
... Oestrogen Receptor
• All breast cancers metastases should be tested
for oestrogen receptors
• Allred/Quick Score—a score (usually out of 8)
is used to indicate a combination of the
average amount of hormone receptors per
cancer cell and the proportion of cells with
• A score of 3 and abo ...
... Hormonal regulation of breast development and lactogenesis. Mammary gland development is initiated at puberty through the action of estradiol and
growth factors and is further regulated during pregnancy through the effects of prolactin and human placental lactogen (hPL). Throughout pregnancy,
... were 11% more likely to develop breast cancer, whereas those with hypothyroidism were 6%
less likely to develop the condition, compared to women in the general population.
“In vitro experiments show that sex hormones such as oestrogen play an important role in
the proliferation of breast cancer cell ...
A Brief Look at Our Major Hormones
... women in smaller quantities. It is responsible for firm muscles and a healthy
libido in both sexes, and has other important roles to play in the body as well.
For women, levels of this hormone usually drop before or during
menopause. Men also pass through "andropause" which is caused by a
An Exploration of Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 - CNS-CREF
... Growth hormone (GH) levels are cyclical, making direct measurement difficult. Therefore, IGF-1 was used as
a surrogate marker of GH.
GSTs were conducted on patients whose IGF-1 levels were less than 200 ng/ml and/or if patients had a
medical history/clinical symptoms of neuroendocrine dysfunction. ...
... Interviews will continue until no
Don`t Starve Yourself To Look Good GYNECOMASTIA: Male Breast
... respect to testosterone. So, either there is not
enough testosterone or too much estrogen is
being produced. Although many cases are idiopathic (of unknown cause), there are many
known reasons for this condition, including
but not limited to: prescribed medications,
illegal drugs (e.g. marijuana), a ...
Dr Luce`s Breast Cancer Powerpoint
... May not be necessary in oldest women: risk of
local failure with Tamoxifen, over 70, less than 5%
After mastectomy for high risk patients
Large tumor, inflammatory, bulky nodes
Controversial impact on survival (see figure)
Breast Cancer Risk Factors
... associated with an overall increase in morbidity and mortality.
However, the risk of breast cancer associated with BMI appears
to depend on the menopausal status of women.
Postmenopausal women — A higher body mass index
(BMI) and/or perimenopausal weight gain have been consistently
associated with a ...
BREAST CANCER SCREENING BREAST CANCER AND YOU
... Only do this if it will not affect any other medicines or any health
concerns you may have.
• Some experts say that having less caffeine (like coffee, tea
or other drinks high in caffeine) for two weeks before your
mammogram can help reduce tenderness.
• On the day of the mammogram:
– Wear a two-pie ...
... Breast density refers to the amount of fat and tissue
in the breast as seen on a mammogram. A dense breast
has more tissue than fat. Younger women usually have
dense breasts. As women get older, their breasts
become less dense. After menopause, breast tissue of
most women is replaced by fat. Some ol ...
Early Detection - Heart of Texas Healthcare System
... How is mammography performed?
• You will need to undress above the waist and will be given a wrap to wear
during the mammogram.
• You and a breast imaging technologist will be the only ones present during the
mammogram. The technologist will position each breast, one at a time, on the
mammography eq ...
Abassi Abdomen ppt: Slide 16 of 87
... Perimenopausal women (average age 40-50): who seek
symptomatic relief and contraception may be TX with lowestrogen oral contraceptive (20 mcg of ethinyl estradiol); when
these women reach 51 years of age they are recommended to
either 1. Stop the pill altogether…by tapering the OCP by one
pill per w ...
Breast Cancer Awareness
... shown to help ward off breast cancer because
they are high in omega-3 fatty acids, which have
strong anti-inflammatory properties. As for our
cancer prevention beverage of choice, reach
for some green tea. Green tea contains EGCG,
which is an extremely powerful antioxidant.
Comment on WHI
... the death rate on the roads, no Government source has encouraged drivers to stop using the roads.
However, a number of experts have advised that hormone replacement should not be used or confined to
a five-year duration only. Further to this, my own study published in the US two months ago(c.f.
Hormonal breast enhancement
Hormonal breast enhancement or augmentation is a medical treatment pertaining to the breasts in which hormones or hormonal agents such as estrogen, growth hormone (GH), and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) are utilized or manipulated to produce breast enlargement in women. It is an alternative or supplement to surgical breast augmentation with breast implants or fat transfer and other means of medical breast enlargement.In addition to pharmaceuticals, some herbal breast enlargement supplements contain phytoestrogens such as 8-prenylnaringenin and miroestrol and thus may be regarded as a form of hormonal breast enhancement. However, evidence of their effectiveness, as well as safety data, are lacking.