inquiry into strategies to prevent high volume offending and
... offenders, and have attempted to develop strategies that will assist these young people,
firstly to try to stop them from ever getting into the juvenile justice system, and secondly, if
this is unsuccessful, to outline strategies that will reduce or eliminate further offences.
From the evidence befo ...
Preventing Crime - What Works, What Doesn`t
... is too low to support generalizable conclusions, but for which there is some empirical basis for
predicting that further research could support such conclusions. Programs are coded as
"promising" if they found effective in at least one level 3 evaluation and the preponderance of
the review of the - CJFS 6945 Research Methods by John Hazy, YSU
... violence is, why? Why did this crime occur? What motivated the offenders to engage in
this type of behaviour? Can one theory or explanation account for all of these incidents?
Or can violence be caused by multiple factors?
Discovering and documenting the root causes of crime and violence has been a ...
General Strain Theory and Bullying Victimization
... to engage in serious delinquent behavior (Hay and Evans, 2006). Anger and self-control
were also significant predictors of substance use, but to a lesser degree. Poor attachment
to parents had a negative relationship with delinquent outcomes. Based on their findings,
Hay and Evans (2006) found supp ...
United States Counter Piracy and Maritime Security Action Plan
... In the early nineties, following the collapse of Somalia’s government and economy, Somalibased pirates began attacking vessels and ransoming crews for private gain. Due to its location
near the Gulf of Aden, a strategic maritime corridor, these actions greatly influenced maritime
transportation rout ...
Preparing the young offender for return to society
... This study tested the tenets of several perspectives of Sociological theory utilizing the narratives
of Guyanese juvenile delinquents. In particular this study tested Social Bonding Theory because it
indicates that deviance or delinquency results when individuals fail to develop bonds to society. So ...
Predicting Violence - American Bar Association
... trial if they posed a flight risk. The 1984 Federal Bail Reform Act and state
legislation during this period altered the landscape, allowing defendants to be
held if they were deemed dangerous or posed a threat to public safety.2
Congress and state legislatures charged judges3 with the task of predi ...
Alcohol, young persons and violence
... Paradise situational intervention study. The situational factors which were
related to violence were “drink promotions; groups of young males;
crowding; lack of comfort; aggressive bar staff and security personnel; and
inept methods for dealing with patrons”. They argue that “youthful alcohol
use ha ...
saving the united states from lurching to another
... As of 2013, more than two million Americans were in jail, which equates
to over 900 per one hundred thousand adults.17 This rate has more than
doubled over the past two decades18 and has been steadily rising much of the
past forty years.19 In its recent report, the United States National Research
Is Project HOPE Creating,, False Sense of Hope?
... CeaseFire, in Boston, Massachusetts (Rosen, 2010). The goal ofCeaseFire was to reduce gang
violence. The first step was to provide a warning that if any member of a gang killed someone,
the entire gang would face consequences. Second, any person affiliated a gang or criminal group
was offered suppor ...
NCSC Sentencing Survey Report - National Center for State Courts
... Survey Research Associates International (PSRAI). For results based on the total sample, the
overall margin of sampling error is plus or minus three percentage points.
The report begins with an executive summary that highlights the
key findings concerning the public’s attitudes toward sentencing and ...
Human Decisions and Machine Predictions.
... the importance of unobservables.10 As a whole, our estimated percentage gains are large
in total magnitude because they apply to a large base: at any point time, there are over
750,000 people in local jails across the US.11
Both our primary findings and these policy counter-factuals could be mislead ...
The Influence of Gender, Race, Age, Academic Level
... The data for this study came from a survey of college students at a public four-year
university in the Midwest with an enrollment of about 20,000. A convenience sampling
design was used to select the students in the study. More than 20 college courses offered
were selected for administration of the ...
Regional Programme for the Arab States
... Office has an existing mandate on a number of fronts, including supporting a balanced public healthoriented approach to the drug problem, by working to end discrimination against, and promote
interventions for, people who use drugs, and strengthening the access to comprehensive, evidence-based,
THE RISK-NEED-RESPONSIVITY (RNR) MODEL Does Adding the
... In 2003 Ward and Stewart criticized the concept of criminogenic needs for ignoring
more basic human needs that underlie optimal personal fulfillment. They argued that attaining the basic goods of “friendship, enjoyable work, loving relationships, creative pursuits,
sexual satisfaction, positive self ...
The Costs of Crime and Violence - Inter
... “organized crime,” a phenomenon that operates in the region and could be exacerbating violence in some countries.
It is clear from this volume that crime in Latin America and the Caribbean is costly and
Strategies and Best Practices in Crime Prevention in particular in
... The workshop on crime prevention, which took place in Bangkok in April 2005 in the context of the 11 UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, represented a major opportunity to
assess progress in the application of good crime prevention policy and practice around the world. The
Collective Crime and Collective Punishment
... a colorful and highly individual figure. The last thing
one expects of him is the surrender of individual identity to an anonymous submersion in the collective. Yet
doctrinally he is a collectivist. In his recent writings, he
has been seeking to collectivize just about everything:
action, responsibi ...
Hate Crimes and the Need for Stronger Federal Legislation
... S. Winer, Hate Crimes, Homosexuals, and the Constitution, 29 HARV. C.R.-C.L. L. REV. 387, 413-14 (1994) (citing as
one reason why homosexuals are reluctant to report the exposure of their sexual orientation and the resulting stigma
and treatment by others that would result); LAWRENCE, supra note 27, ...
... 47-49, 83-89). (More extreme – or just thorough-going – liberals would delete the reference
to “offence”.) The problem is particularly acute where the state pursues these ends through
punishment rather than other coercive means, such as taxation, let alone in non-coercive
... only as long as it can be established that he is acting within the directives of the sending
o The DFA initially determines immunity, but the final determination is still with the Courts.
(although in the WHO case, the Court said it was bound.)
o In the VFA, before the American accused is con ...
... white collar offenders in which she found that “[w]omen’s economic marginality, not
liberation or occupational mobility,” explained their offending, and that men’s white
collar offending was not the “norm” from which women deviate (p. 70).
Subjecting a first-time female offender to incarceration has ...
- Berkeley Law Scholarship Repository
... are some parallels in their nature and function that
link them. Together, I suggest that they reveal
valuable insights about sources of innovation in the
criminal justice systems in England and the United
States, two "weak states" that stand in sharp contrast
to developments in their continental cou ...
Explaining Recent Trends in US Homicide Rates
... the inclination to account for the local declines in terms of this
or that special local initiative apparently was all but irresistible.7
Not surprisingly, perhaps, very different types of causal rhetoric
dominate public discussion during periods of rising and falling
crime rates. During periods of ...
Critical criminology is a theoretical perspective in criminology which focuses on challenging traditional understandings and uncovering false beliefs about crime and criminal justice, often but not exclusively by taking a conflict perspective, such as Marxism, feminism, political economy theory or critical theory. Critical criminology frequently takes a perspective of examining the genesis of crime and nature of 'justice' within a structure of class and status inequalities. Law and punishment of crime are viewed as connected to a system of social inequality and as the means of producing and perpetuating this inequality.Critical criminology sees crime as a product of oppression of workers – in particular, those in greatest poverty – and less-advantaged groups within society, such as women and ethnic minorities, are seen to be the most likely to suffer oppressive social relations based upon class division, sexism and racism. More simply, critical criminology may be defined as any criminological topic area that takes into account the contextual factors of crime or critiques topics covered in mainstream criminology.