Personality and social psychology: towards a synthesis
... behaviours, thoughts and feelings of a person which define his or
her 'personality'. Coming to terms with this intricate relationship
between stability and change in individual behaviour is the central
task of personality psychology.
Personality psychologists are committed to the creed that individu ...
psychoanalytic perspectives on occupational choice
... occupations. In this paper, we propose to assess how character structure and
defense mechanisms influence occupational choice and attainment, and to show
how occupational requirements and work cultures reinforce and reward "neurotic
traits." By character structure, we mean an individual's general mo ...
Running head: The evolutionary genetics of personality
... in both cognitive abilities and personality traits (e.g. Eysenck & Eysenck, 1985). Cognitive
abilities reflect an individual’s maximal performance in solving cognitive tasks. It is wellestablished that a single continuum of general intelligence (g), ranging from mild mental
retardation to giftedness ...
Leadership Development: A Review and Agenda for Future Research
... leading-following interactions in service of accomplishing a collective goal (Bass & Bass, 2008; Yukl,
2010). In his oft-cited review of the leadership
development literature, Day (2000) distinguishes
between two forms of development. Individual
leader development focuses on an individual’s capacity ...
The Effectiveness of Online Advertising of Companies in Poland
... on a website. A few recommendations for the online advertisement practice can be
formulated on the basis of the carried out research. If we assume that the main
goals of the marketer include brand management and increasing sales, then
the perfect way to achieve this goal is, among others, generating ...
... our children in community-based sport to the way sport is played out on the international
field of play – the need to fulfill one’s self interest is paramount. Indeed, as one key
informant suggested: “In order for the sector as whole to embrace an ethical orientation,
we need to think more broadly ...
Promoting Stewardship Behavior in Organizations: A Leadership
... 1999, 2002). Even though individuals may think
about how they would like to have been treated by
the previous generation, they are more likely to
respond to how they were actually treated by the
previous generation (Wade-Benzoni, 2002). This
intergenerational reciprocity is based on the moral
... community. Such models tend to rest in hierarchies of authority where power and
responsibility increase with movement up the hierarchy. American Indian traditions,
on the other hand, tend to be more related to the requirements of the community, to
be much more dispersed throughout that community, an ...
an empirical study of lawrence kohlberg`s cognitive
... Rest, Narvaez, Bebeau and Thoma (1999) sought to redefine post-conventionality by suggesting that nearly all modern
philosophers would be classified as postconventional, both conservative and liberal, right-wing and left-wing. Perhaps this could
be characterized as a much looser assumption in an att ...
white-collar crime`s forecasting and reduction by means of pre
... Especially, personality tests could flag certain characteristics and alert hiring personnel as to areas to monitor
with increased supervision. The propensity to commit white-collar can be added to the testing criteria. As a
result, hiring the right people becomes a key in a strong reduction of white ...
Coaching your Students to be Lifelong Learners and Critical Thinkers
... The main vehicle for fostering these traits in the work of my
students will be the semester long research paper. This
assignment is broken down into numerous, small steps that
students will be required to complete throughout the
semester. This method will foster __Autonomy_________ by
leading studen ...
Social Psychology Answer 2 of the following 3 questions: 1
... The second part of the question asks to explain how the rules influence expression.
The ideal answer would note the rules usually assumed to interfere after the emotional
expression is caused by an emotion; it is thus likely that a brief and weak version of the
emotional expression “leaks” – however ...
Character and Excellence (arete)
... • “Excellence” (arete, virtue) is defined with respect
to a specific practice
• Some traits show up on several lists
• Some traits are recognizably moral traits
• Q: Are there excellences pertaining to the
“practice” of being a human being?
• Aristotle’s problem: what are the traits of
character tha ...
The Psychology of the Person
... The Behavioral-Learning Approach
The behavioral/social-learning approach
explains personality differences among
people as results of conditioning, learning
and expectations, and other
This approach is deterministic- we are not
always aware of the causes for our
behavior, be ...
War, space, and the evolution of Old World complex
... We assessed quantitatively how well our model ﬁts the historical data, and investigated whether simpler processes could
generate these patterns. A quantitative measure of ﬁt suggests
that under certain parameter values the model can explain twothirds of the variance in overall imperial density (Tabl ...
doc Chapter 6 McAdams note
... Self-ratings over time
Spouse ratings over time
The ability of one kind of rating to predict another kind of rating of
the same trait over time
Costa, McCrae and Arenberg- Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging
o Time 1: Subjects ranged from 17-85 years old
o Correlations between Extraversion s ...
Current Research Journal of Economic Theory 2(1): 27-31, 2010 ISSN: 2042-485X
... hinged on the capacity to allocate scarce resources, which
determines the locus of po wer. The concept of leadership
is also appraised at the structural, behavioural levels.
These problematic are further deepened by the
implications of the concept of power, legitimacy and
hierarchy. Therefore, a det ...
File - Michaela Tarmey
... includes when my students would pass in outcomes for me to review. I was able to take my time and read them over to
really give them the proper feedback. Knowing that this is their first time doing outcomes I knew they would need
guidance but not completely tear their hard work apart. I feel when gi ...
ORIENTATION TRAINING - SRPLN || Southern Program
... Will provide contact and profile information about
Lend their name for influence
“Not what you know, but who you know”
Will call the critical person with request
... in-group is a group to which we feel an affinity
or closeness. 104
in-group bias is the feeling that a person’s
in-group is superior to others. 104
out-group is a group from which we are
Trait leadership is defined as integrated patterns of personal characteristics that reflect a range of individual differences and foster consistent leader effectiveness across a variety of group and organizational situations (Zaccaro, Kemp, & Bader, 2004). The theory of trait leadership developed from early leadership research which focused primarily on finding a group of heritable attributes that differentiated leaders from nonleaders. Leader effectiveness refers to the amount of influence a leader has on individual or group performance, followers’ satisfaction, and overall effectiveness (Derue, Nahrgang, Wellman, & Humphrey, 2011). Many scholars have argued that leadership is unique to only a select number of individuals and that these individuals possess certain immutable traits that cannot be developed (Galton, 1869). Although this perspective has been criticized immensely over the past century, scholars still continue to study the effects of personality traits on leader effectiveness. Research has demonstrated that successful leaders differ from other people and possess certain core personality traits that significantly contribute to their success. Understanding the importance of these core personality traits that predict leader effectiveness can help organizations with their leader selection, training, and development practices (Derue et al., 2011).