A Review of Retrieval-Induced Forgetting in the
... & Butler, 2011; Roediger & Karpicke, 2006). A clear implication of this
research is that testing has the potential to improve student performance
on subsequent tests when the same information is tested again. In practice,
however, instructors often do not test the same information multiple times.
The Associative–Propositional Evaluation Model
... can be activated in memory regardless of whether the information implied
by these associations is considered accurate or inaccurate, propositional
processes are inherently concerned with the validity of activated
According to the APE model, which associations will be activated in
Eyewitness testimony research: Current knowledge and emergent
... it is sometimes quite reliable and sometimes not. A more meaningful question,
then, is "Under what conditions is eyewitness testimony reliable and when is it
The reader should not infer that the major findings described in this section
are also the major variables that affect eyewitness ...
Temporal bisection in infants 1 Journal of Experimental Psychology
... developed by Wearden (1991) to account for bisection performance in human adults. These
models included two close parameters, c and ß. In these models, S and L are represented in
the form of normal distributions of values with means equal to S and L together with a
coefficient of variation, c. The c ...
Richard Semon`s Theory of Memory
... reconstructive approach to memory has become influential in recent years. It is likely that
most modern students of memory are familiar
with the writings of the above psychologists,
and have probably been influenced, to varying
degrees, by their research and theories. It is
much less likely that the ...
Antecedents Of, Temporal Changes In, And
... statistically independent but must be viewed separately because they are elicited by different antecedent conditions. They indicate, for example, that somatic anxiety is considered
to be a reflexive response to various environmental stimuli (e.g., playing field, game irnportance) associated with the ...
the pros and cons of ingroup ambivalence
... beliefs about it. Specifically, I expected that among highly attached but not weakly attached
participants, cognitively-based ingroup ambivalence would be perceived more as a contribution
to the group, compared to negative cognitively-based univalent attitudes towards the group. By
contrast, I antic ...
Working memory span tasks: A methodological review and user`s
... scientific disciplines and as a more varied pool of investigators use WM span tasks, misconceptions and
misuses are bound to increase. In particular, the literature presents inconsistent information regarding the
reliability of WM span tasks, as well as inconsistent and, in our opinion, problematic ...
View PDF - CiteSeerX
... string of digits is simply a beneficiary of a more fundamental
human capacity to generate a longer lasting representation of a
brief and novel speech event—a new word. For an experimental
psychologist working exclusively with adults, this might at first
seem a singularly arcane and useless skill for ...
Central and Peripheral Routes to Advertising Effectiveness: The
... whether the advocacy falls within one's latitude of acceptance or rejection (Newman and Dolich 1979; Sherif,
Sherif, and Nebergall 1965); (3) whether some transient
situational utility is associated with adopting a particular
anitude (Schlenker 1978, 1980); and (4) whether an advocated position or p ...
1 For inclusion in `Advances in Experimental Psychology` Forgetting
... Dodson & Reisberg, 1991; Lindsay & Johnson, 1989a, 1989b; Pirolli & Mitterer, 1984).
There are several reasons why this work has proved to be important. Although it had
been appreciated for some time that eyewitness reports could be modified by the form of
questions employed to elicit information fr ...
Cognitive Processes and Memory Differences in Recall and
... was the theory of information processing, which contends that information is processed
in stages and combines visual cognition, memory, and memory recall; therefore, this
theory applies to the study by helping determine the most accurate way for individuals to
recall events. Introduction to Psycholo ...
AP Psych QuizletABC order
... behavioral and medical knowledge and
applies that knowledge to health and
disease. (Myers Psychology for AP 1e p. 397)
View PDF - CiteSeerX
... face when, for example, attempting to dial a telephone number that we have
only recently heard. This task of verbatim or serial recall has a long history
of laboratory study, underlying much of the research on the forgetting (e.g.,
Brown, 1958; Peterson & Peterson, 1959), organization (e.g., Miller, ...
When does retrieval induce forgetting and when does it induce
... studied an article about the toucan bird and then either
performed a cued recall test on that article (testing condition) or were dismissed (control condition). After a
24 h delay, subjects completed the ﬁnal test, which included questions that appeared during retrieval practice
(Rp+) and questions ...
Affect and Strategy Practices
... awareness (Schwarz and Clore, 2007), some researchers interpret feelings as having more
primitive and pre-awareness characteristics (Bechara et al., 1995; Izard, 2002). Irrespective of
this awareness debate, feeling and other affective states (and especially mood) contain
information (Bermond, 2008 ...
ANNUAL REVIEW OF CRITICAL PSYCHOLOGY MARXISM AND
... by saying what Marx had to say about the concept of ideology. Then Gordana Jovanovic from Belgrade, who, among
other things, wrote the detailed preface to the translation
of Wilhelm Reich’s work into Serbo-Croatian, talked about
how the concept of ideology is related to other notions that
Marx and c ...
Text - Reading`s CentAUR
... items (practiced items) and Rp- items (unpracticed items from practiced categories)
for the quiet condition (p < .001; CI.95 = .363, .505), unrelated condition (p < .001;
CI.95 = .346, .487), and for the related condition (p = .001; CI.95 = .068, .238). There
was also a significant difference betwee ...
the looming cognitive style: a cognitive vulnerability for
... evidence that higher levels of the LCS are associated with a predominance of imagery–based mental activity during anticipation of an upcoming stressor, whereas worry is associated with a predominance of
lexical activity (Williams, McDonald, & Riskind, 2004). Additionally,
worry, as well as more abst ...
Gesture-Speech Mismatches: Considerations for How
... • Gesture may have an image activating affect which helps a speaker visualize thoughts for better expression.
• Gesture-speech mismatches indicate that there are periods of mental transition where the speaker has
difficulty retrieving the lexicon (words) that matches the meaning conveyed by gesture. ...
Disordinal triple dissociations in recognition2
... more or less equivalently. However, it does so at a very major cost: loss of control over
the exposure or study conditions. By exposing older subjects to additional study time,
for example, an experimenter concedes the only aspect of a cross-sectional design over
which she has experimental control: ...
A Public Scientific Method: Introspection - Philsci
... According to Goldman, then, introspecting subjects are observers gathering data, which they
convey through introspective reports. Psychologists exploit introspection, in Goldman’s opinion,
by taking the data collected by each introspecting subject and using them to test their hypotheses.
But then, p ...
... 10. “What’s your social?” the associate asks over the phone. “One, six, four . . .” you
begin. After a brief pause, you continue, “seventy-two . . . sixteen thirty-eight.” To ease
the burden on the associate’s short-term memory, you are giving the number in ______
rather than as individual digits.
NEPSY-II Presentation - Texas Association of School Psychologists
... • Forceful tapping: the tapping becomes louder
during the production of the movement sequences.
• Use Table D.1 (Base Rate for Rate Change in the
Normative Sample by age); use Table D.2
(percentage of normative sample displaying any of
the other behavioral observations); and use Table
D.5 (percentag ...
George Armitage Miller
George Armitage Miller (February 3, 1920 – July 22, 2012) was one of the founders of the cognitive psychology field. He also contributed to the birth of psycholinguistics and cognitive science in general. Miller wrote several books and directed the development of WordNet, an online word-linkage database usable by computer programs. He authored the paper, ""The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two,"" which experimentally discovered an average limit of seven for human short-term memory capacity. This paper is frequently cited in both psychology and the wider culture. He also won awards such as the National Medal of Science.Miller started his education focusing on speech and language and published papers on these topics, focusing on mathematical, computational and psychological aspects of the field. He started his career at a time when the reigning theory in psychology was behaviorism, which eschewed any attempt to study mental processes and focused only on observable behavior. Working mostly at Harvard University, MIT and Princeton University, Miller introduced experimental techniques to study the psychology of mental processes, by linking the new field of cognitive psychology to the broader area of cognitive science, including computation theory and linguistics. He collaborated and co-authored work with other figures in cognitive science and psycholinguistics, such as Noam Chomsky. For moving psychology into the realm of mental processes and for aligning that move with information theory, computation theory, and linguistics, Miller is considered one of the great twentieth-century psychologists. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Miller as the 20th most cited psychologist of that era.