Sexual Preference (book)
Sexual Preference: Its Development in Men and Women is a 1981 book about the development of sexual orientation by psychologist Alan P. Bell and sociologists Martin S. Weinberg and Sue Kiefer Hammersmith, a publication of the Institute for Sex Research. Together with its separately published Statistical Appendix, Sexual Preference was the culmination of a series of books including Homosexuality: An Annotated Bibliography (1972) and Homosexualities: A Study of Diversity Among Men and Women (1978), both authored jointly by Bell and Weinberg. Based on interviews with subjects in the San Francisco Bay Area, Bell, Weinberg and Hammersmith found almost no correlation between early family experience and adult sexual orientation and therefore concluded that heterosexuality and homosexuality have a biological basis. Though Sexual Preference is one of the most frequently cited retrospective studies relating to sexual orientation, its authors' conclusions and methodology have been criticized on numerous grounds, including their reliance upon path analysis and the difficulty and potential unreliability of adult recall of childhood feeling.