Amour-Propre, Good and Bad - Western Political Science Association
... Neuhouser less so. Cooper correctly notes that “amour-propre never stops being
dangerous—indeed, potentially calamitous—and hence needs to be sternly and
thoroughly governed,”9 and suggests that Rousseau’s own attempt to transcend it is not
plausible for an overwhelming portion of the population. Ne ...
configuring the identity of amir and baba in the
... The result of the first problem formulation suggests that the two characters
are shaped and influenced by their Afghan cultural background, their American
background, and their view on religion. Those constituents generally give
advantages to the character’s identity in the form of high social statu ...
Analysis: Chapters 1–4 Oliver Twist is an extreme criticism of
... Just as Nancy assumes a middle-class identity by changing her clothing, Oliver sheds his identity as a orphan pickpocket when he leaves behind his pauper’s clothes. Brownlow purchases an expensive
new suit for him. Oliver thus assumes the identity of a gentleman’s son by wearing the clothing of a ge ...
The Psychology of Social and Cultural Diversity
... complexity. The notion of identity is central to social and cultural psychology, and social identity complexity is an approach that incorporates
an understanding of our evolving societies with these perspectives.
Brewer argues that in large and complex societies people are differentiated along many ...
Stereotypes about Chicanas and Chicanos
... between the U.S. and Mexico) was no longer valued. Negative characterizations of people of Mexican descent served the institutional and individual
purposes of justifying the expatriation of Mexicans who had labored for the
United States during the war.
For example, Richards (1950) found that people ...
The Mindful Consumer - Friends of the Earth
... Underpinning our social and psychological goals is the need to sense and to know
ourselves. The process of identity formation starts when we are very young and is largely
unconscious. It becomes most visible (both to ourselves and to others) when it is unstable.
Human beings also possess an inherent ...
Job crafting and cultivating positive meaning and
... their job. We refer to this as ‘‘task crafting,’’ and it consists of adding or
dropping tasks, adjusting the time or effort spent on various tasks, and
redesigning aspects of tasks (e.g., a teacher who spends time learning new
classroom technology to fulfill his passion for IT). Second, job crafters ...
1 Killing with a Clean Conscience: Existential Angst and the
... animals, denying their creatureliness, and imbuing their lives with a spiritual dimension. All
three major Western religions subscribe to the belief that “God gave man dominion over all
things” (Genesis 1:26). By construing human life as rooted in a spiritual realm, people distance
themselves from a ...
The Social Psychology of Stigma - WesFiles
... These definitions share the assumption that people who are stigmatized have (or
are believed to have) an attribute that marks them as different and leads them to
be devalued in the eyes of others. Stigmatizing marks may be visible or invisible,
controllable or uncontrollable, and linked to appearanc ...
Tilburg University Shared identity and shared utility. On solidarity
... relationship is that it is `utility directed'. That is, it is aimed at a certain material or nonmaterial utility which is of interest to both actors. Durkheim's organic solidarity, which is
derived from an interdependence of life opportunities, is easily recognisable in this
second type of solidary ...
9. Erikson`s Psychosocial Developmental Stages
... The basic task of this period is to separate oneself from one’s parents
– especially the same-sex parent – and to assume an identity of one’s
own. The latter is a very difficult task; many people do not fully
succeed in it today until they are well beyond their teen years!
Oedipal conflicts again re ...
Maturity of judgment in adolescence: Psychosocial factors in
... and more able to function responsibly in the absence of adult supervision (Steinberg, 1990). Within the study of independence, researchers have focused mainly on
the study of self-reliance and on susceptibility to social influence, especially, but
not exclusively, the influence of peers (more popula ...
The language of change? Characterizations of in
... within-group members’ characterizations of their and others’ social positions. As we
have already indicated, this includes characterizations of intergroup power relations,
and of the nature of intergroup threat that flows from these. It also includes
characterizations of intragroup position, both as ...
Ambiguities in the Locus of Home - California State University
... Despite the common assumption that home space represents a comfort zone for living
a safe and secure existence, home is often a place of ongoing contestation. It is also
commonly a place where we learn to dance a fine line between domestication and
innovation. While home can be a place of emotional ...
Social Identity and Attitudes - Open Research Exeter
... attitudinal phenomena are related to self-definition in group prototypical terms to the extent
that they are tied to group and intergroup dynamics.
Depersonalization and Referent Informational Influence
One of the key insights of social identity theory, elaborated by self-categorization
theory (Turn ...
Law, Cognition, and Identity - DigitalCommons @ LSU Law Center
... individuals and communities, and individuals and communities in
turn shape the law. 1 We may in truth determine the content of our
law, but our law will also play a significant role in determining
who and what we are.
Even more ominously, because we so readily internalize
legally constructed categor ...
The Effect of Interracial Media Portrayals on
... person (Resnicow & Ross-Grady, 1997). An important factor related to the multiracial
community is the extent to which outside factors influence identity development
(Jackman, Wagner, & Johnson, 2001). The multiracial person’s view of self is affected
by external attitudes, perceptions, and judgments ...
Who is blameworthy? Social identity and inter
... bullies and victims have been identified (Juvonen and Graham, 2001; Olweus, 1993; Smith
et al., 1999). Yet, some authors maintain that the pervasiveness of bullying might be partly
explained by group mechanisms, such as social contagion, weakening of control or
inhibition of aggressive tendencies, d ...
An Economist Looks at Suicide Terrorism* Abstract
... religious grounds (Merari 1998). One group that has sponsored suicide
attacks, the Tamil Tigers, is a Marxist-Leninist organisation that recruits in a
predominantly Hindu community. Thus, while nationalism and religion have
clearly helped to frame the context in which suicide terrorism has emerged,
Relationship between Knowledge, Stereotyping, and Prejudice in
... stereotyping and prejudice can be hurt by them. Besides, people who are the object of unfair bias can adopt
the negative traits attributed to them (Seeber, 2001).
The most extensively studied interventions designed
to reduce racist attitude and stereotyping are based
on Gordon Allport’s (1954) conta ...
28 April 2016 Militant Islamist Radicalisation Summary Militant
... online radicalisation does not stand alone but is in most cases supplemented by
personal contact to other individuals or groups.
On the other hand, in cases where individuals have become radicalised on their own,
experience from abroad shows that online radicalisation, as well as psycho-social
Heterosexual Identity Development
... and stigmatize and punish nonconformity. For example, it may be impossible
for a person to have no active sense of sexual orientation identity (i.e., diffusion) in a society that relies on a duality model for defining the sexual orientation of its members. Instead, individuals who go through the pro ...
selfhood and identity (SELF-ID.DOC) (Word5)
... between ruler and minister, between father and son, between husband
and wife, between brothers, and between friends. Essentially, proper
conduct means knowing how to act in relation to others. I use the
term relationship dominance to capture the essence of social behavior
in Confucian societies, in ...
Slides 2 - People Server at UNCW
... Minimal Group Effect and Social
• Minimal group effect studies indicate that
people will identify with one another even
over minor characteristics.
• Group identity involves a sense of shared
fate and tends to increase the members’
self esteem. Often conflict arises when
that identi ...
Group Dynamics and Team Worl
... identify themselves and feel a sense of
• Out Group:They are the group with which
people do not identify with.
Identity formation, also known as individuation, is the development of the distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity (known as personal continuity) in a particular stage of life in which individual characteristics are possessed and by which a person is recognized or known (such as the establishment of a reputation). This process defines individuals to others and themselves. Pieces of the person's actual identity include a sense of continuity, a sense of uniqueness from others, and a sense of affiliation. Identity formation leads to a number of issues of personal identity and an identity where the individual has some sort of comprehension of him or herself as a discrete and separate entity. This may be through individuation whereby the undifferentiated individual tends to become unique, or undergoes stages through which differentiated facets of a person's life tend toward becoming a more indivisible whole.Identity is often described as finite and consisting of separate and distinct parts (family, cultural, personal, professional, etc.), yet according to Parker J. Palmer, it is an ever evolving core within where our genetics (biology), culture, loved ones, those we cared for, people who have harmed us and people we have harmed, the deeds done (good and ill) to self and others, experiences lived, and choices made come together to form who we are at this moment.