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... relatively new diagnosis, having been around for approximately 20 years.
PDD-NOS is the diagnosis that has come to be commonly applied to those
who are on the autism spectrum but do not generally meet the criteria for
some other autism spectrum disorder in full, such as Asperger Syndrome.
Defining f ...
Autism diagnosis in children and young people Evidence Update
... NICE CG128 includes tables of possible signs and symptoms of autism for case identification.
It recommends that autism should not be ruled out if the exact features described in the tables
are not evident; they should be used for guidance, but do not include all possible
manifestations of autism.
SIGN 145 • Assessment, diagnosis and interventions for autism
... Healthcare Improvement Scotland (HIS) is committed to equality and diversity and assesses all its publications for likely impact on the
six equality groups defined by age, disability, gender, race, religion/belief and sexual orientation.
SIGN guidelines are produced using a standard methodology that ...
Contents - Centre for Disability Studies
... established by Professor Colin Barnes in 1992, to become an internationally renowned
centre for both research and education within disability studies (CDS, 2008a). Located at
the University of Leeds, and working from a social model of disability perspective, the
CDS introduced an array of undergrad ...
Clinical case scenarios
... A significant proportion of adults with autism across the whole autistic spectrum
experience social and economic exclusion. Their condition is often overlooked
by healthcare, education and social care professionals, which creates barriers
to accessing the support and services they need to live indep ...
- Praed Foundation
... The ANSA is an information integration tool for use in the development of individual plans of
care, to monitor outcomes, and to help design and plan systems of care for adults with behavioral
health (mental health or substance use) challenges.
To administer the ANSA, the care coordinator or other se ...
Clinical and Educational Child Psychology
... Continuous change Other theorists believe that developmental change progresses
in a smooth and continuous manner. For example, information processing theorists
would be interested in studying how a child’s memory strategies evolve over time,
as the child adds new strategies and skills to his or her ...
FREE Sample Here - Test bank Store
... 26) A recent news story describes an unusual condition found among females at a local
high school. After eating frozen yogurt from their cafeteria, a number of girls have begun
to “spin wildly” throughout the lunchroom until being restrained by a faculty hall
monitor. Immediately after being stopped ...
Autism in adults: Evidence Update May 2014
... Epilepsy outcomes were reported in 16 studies (n=15,418) during a follow-up of 2 to 24 years.
Separate analyses were undertaken for studies with the age of participants at follow-up less
than or at least 12 years. For studies with participants aged at least 12 years and with the
majority having auti ...
Autism Spectrum Disorder in Fragile X Syndrome
... impairment in social interaction. Symptoms of ASD appear in early childhood. It is a lifelong
disorder, although symptoms change over time. People with ASD have differences in how they
understand and react to people and social situations, which result from differences in how their
brains process soc ...
Atypical Development of Resting Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia in Children at
... At intake, control participants had to be free of any lifetime major psychiatric disorder. Controls also were recruited
in various ways: from other studies during childhood or
adolescence wherein they served as ‘‘normal controls,’’ by
using the Cole directory to target neighborhoods matching
Referral Form - Marion County Oregon
... The EASA Team Lead for the individual’s county of residence will collect more information from you about the
person's symptoms, history, and situation. At that point, the Team Lead may want to complete an initial
assessment with the individual and/or family. EASA attempts to make sure that people ar ...
Follow-up of Maladaptive Behaviors in Youth with Autism Spectrum
... individuals and are associated with negative outcomes including poor social competency,
academic and vocational under-achievement, among others. In spite of the prevalence
and significance of maladaptive behaviors, the natural course and predictors of such
behaviors are not delineated in the ASD lit ...
Practice Parameter for the Assessment and Treatment of Children
... speech and communication, marked resistance to
change, restricted interests, and stereotyped
movements. Common parental concerns include
a child’s lack of language, inconsistencies in
responsiveness, or concern that the child might be
deaf. In children with autism, social and communication skills us ...
Complex Trauma Exposure and Symptoms in Urban Traumatized
... the sample described in the current study). Chronic and cooccurring adverse experiences have been shown to be related
to panic, anxiety, and depression, and to the leading causes
of death in the United States (Anda et al., 2006). Because
many child survivors of maltreatment-related trauma present
Sensory Differences Research Digest
... begun to be examined in children and young people. For example, a recent review into sensory
factors and their impact on daily life for children by Dunn and colleagues (Dunn, Little, Dean,
Robertson & Evans, 2016) did not include any examination of interoception, despite the growing
evidence to s ...
AUTISM AND SENSORY INTEGRATION
... As a result, researchers have been extensively studying the various features of autism
with anticipation of gaining insight on treatments that may help manage and possibly
cure the disorder in the future.
Although the public has not always been keenly aware of autism, researchers have
been fascinate ...
DSM-5: The New Diagnostic Criteria For Autism Spectrum Disorders
... “This category should be used when there is severe
and pervasive development of reciprocal social
interaction associated with impairment in either
verbal or nonverbal communication skills OR with
the presence of stereotyped behavior, interests and
activities, but the criteria are not met for a speci ...
Outcome of Early Intervention for Children With Autism
... ior by initially accepting a rough approximation of it and
then reinforcing closer and closer approximations (shaping). Or they might break the behavior down into smaller
units, teach each unit individually, and then link the units
together (chaining). Another common simplification is
the use of a ...
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
... was initially believed to be a form of childhood psychosis but, by the 1970s, various lines of
evidence made it clear that autism was highly distinctive. By 1980, autism was officially
recognized as a diagnosis in DSM-III.3
Under DSM-IV TR, the diagnosis of autism required disturbances in each of t ...
- Northumbria Research Link
... following criteria: (a) aged 7-17 years, (b) at least one brother/sister with ASD aged between 3-21
ASD Overview Powerpoint
... • Autism is a behavioral syndrome (which means
that the definition is based on patterns or
• Autism is a neurological disability (presumed to
be present at birth and is usually apparent before
the age of 3.
• Specific cause is unknown. (It is widely assumed
that there are multipl ...
The Repetitive Behavior Spectrum in Autism and Obsessive
... that don’t follow a more traditional obsessive-compulsive process in which compulsions are engaged in to
neutralize the anxiety associated with primarily ego-dystonic obsessions.
Although stereotyped, repetitive behavior has been identified as a hallmark symptom of disorders on the
autism spectrum ( ...
Developmental disability is a diverse group of chronic conditions that are due to mental or physical impairments. Developmental disabilities cause individuals living with them many difficulties in certain areas of life, especially in ""language, mobility, learning, self-help, and independent living"". Developmental disabilities can be detected early on, and do persist throughout an individual's lifespan.Most common developmental disabilities: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is thought to cause autism and intellectual disability, usually among boys. Down syndrome is a condition in which people are born with an extra copy of chromosome 21. Normally, a person is born with two copies of chromosome 21. However, if they are born with Down syndrome, they have an extra copy of this chromosome. This extra copy affects the development of the body and brain, causing physical and mental challenges for the individual. Pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) are a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. FASDs are 100% preventable if a woman does not drink alcohol during pregnancy. Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture. CP is the most common motor disability in childhood. Intellectual disability is defined as an IQ below 70 along with limitations in adaptive functioning and onset before the age of 18 years.↑ 1.0 1.1 ↑