... A second basic misconception that makes people vulnerable to Neoism?! is the notion that it
serves only to change opinions. That is one of its aims, but a limited, subordinate one. Much
more importantly, it aims to intensify existing trends, to sharpen and focus them, and, above all,
to lead people ...
Humor 1 VALUES IN ACTION (VIA) CLASSIFICATION OF
... culture to culture. While words as tools in communication have obvious shortcomings (e.g.,
meaning changes, ideographic understanding of terms) the study of the words of one language
might be useful as a starting point. The extraction of a complete lexical corpus of humor-related
terms allows us to ...
exploring the latent structure of strength‐related attitude attributes
... distinct from one another, with fundamentally diVerent psychological natures and at least somewhat distinct origins and consequences. Some of these
attributes are inherently subjective perceptions of the attitude‐holder. For
example, attitude importance is a personal judgment of significance—for an
Chapter 6 - PassFinal.com
... 62. The following statements are accurate descriptions of the evolution of the scientific study of
a) the early focus of the systematic study of management was on physical working
conditions, principles of administration, and principles of industrial engineering.
b) as manageme ...
PSPB in press 2017 - Open Research Exeter
... ambivalence comfort, r(107)=.27, p=.005; more mindful individuals reported being more
comfortable holding ambivalent attitudes. Mindfulness was negatively correlated with
ambivalence frequency, r(107)=-.27, p=.005; more mindful individuals reported holding
ambivalent attitudes less often. There was ...
The Role of Construal Level in Self-Control - Labs
... will spend the day 10 years from now, most people can assume
it will start with breakfast and a shower, entail interacting with
family members and colleagues, and end with sleep. As events
become more psychologically proximal, people can engage in
low-level construal, incorporating the incidental an ...
Academy of Management InPress Article 1140
... investigating a model that explains the unique effect of job satisfaction trajectory on actual
turnover while controlling for the static level of job satisfaction.
Second, we examine the effect of organizational context on the individual-level and
unit-level turnover rate. Organizational context cap ...
volunteering during unemployment:more skills but
... employment levels among young people (aged 18-24) who have been unemployed for at least
six months since leaving education. Unlike the voluntary Working Together programme,
participation in the pilot voluntary scheme is compulsory and a prerequisite for receiving
unemployment benefits. The DWP state ...
Effects of Involvement on Persuasion
... The opposite prediction about involvement's effects was generated by Zimbardo (1960)within a cognitive dissonance
framework. Following Festinger's (1957) claim that the magnitude of the dissonance created by the juxtaposition of inconsistent cognitive elements increases with the importance of the
8 How to Maximize Implementation Intention Effects Peter M.
... conscientiousness did not; the superior performance of high conscientious individuals left little room for improvement (ceiling effect; Webb
In addition to the limitations caused by these moderators of implementation intention effects, attributes of implementation intentions
Using Attribution Theory to Understand Resilience
... literature detailing predictive risk factors across a range of populations and outlining
factors which contribute to resilient, adaptive outcomes in the face of risk factors (e.g.
Rutter, 1990; Fonagy et al, 1994). In addition, an understanding o f the processes and
mechanisms involved is necessary ...
Knowledge sharing: A review and directions for future research
... Mixed results have been found in studies examining the relationship between learning culture and knowledge sharing. Taylor
and Wright (2004) found that a climate that encouraged new ideas and focused on learning from failure was positively related to
effective knowledge sharing. Hsu's (2006) case st ...
The Psychology of Social and Cultural Diversity
... While Parts I and II focus on examining how diversity defines identity, the chapters in Part III move on to consider how exposure to
social and cultural diversity impacts attitudes toward others. While these
chapters broadly shift to exploring the implications of perceiving, rather
than possessing, ...
Program PDF - SPSP - Society for Personality and Social Psychology
... Leary, Chair of this year's Program Committee, who managed to find space in what appeared to be a full
schedule for even more presentations. Finally, we are grateful to Tara Miller Events for expert handling of
aspects of the meeting that required knowledge, experience, and credibility that graduate ...
Job crafting and cultivating positive meaning and
... their jobs in three main ways. First, job crafters may change the physical or
temporal boundaries around the bundle of tasks that they consider to be
their job. We refer to this as ‘‘task crafting,’’ and it consists of adding or
dropping tasks, adjusting the time or effort spent on various tasks, an ...
Beyond Use: Understanding Evaluation`s Influence on Attitudes and
... both means and ends of social programs, one person’s use could be another person’s misuse
(Shulha & Cousins, 1997). Yet another concern is that use draws on a conceptual and linguistic
base that is too narrow, relative to the broad berth of evaluation influence (Kirkhart, 2000).
In the next section, ...
Implicit Self-Attitudes Predict Spontaneous Affect in Daily Life
... me and not me and the evaluative concepts of pleasant and unpleasant
(following other standard IAT protocols for measuring implicit self-esteem; Bosson et al., 2000; Greenwald & Farnham, 2000). Before completing the IAT, participants selected the stimuli that would be used in their
procedure. First, ...
Nonverbal skills and abilities (Chapter5).
... inferred states to the study of process. A
clear example of this last shift is illustrated
by research on expectancy effects (Harris &
Rosenthal, 2005; Rosenthal & Jacobson,
1968) that prompted scholars to try to
understand the “process” of how positive
(and negative) expectations are conveyed.
... logical sense that employees who feel as
though they can get the job done would
fare better than those who feel
overwhelmed in their new positions, and
unsurprisingly, researchers have found
that job satisfaction, organizational
commitment, and turnover are all
correlated with feelings of self-effic ...
Sport Psychology: A Students`s Handbook
... psychology, whilst maintaining the readable style and student-centred approach
which made the previous book so successful.
Key issues covered include:
Ways of Learning about Leisure Meanings
... The Cognitivist Paradigm of Learning
Whereas behaviorists have claimed that knowledge is acquired from ideas obtained outside
the individual, cognitive learning theorists have claimed that knowledge is acquired from
within the mind (e.g., Bruner, 1960; Chomsky, 1957; Simon, 1957). Individuals then u ...
A Path Analytic Model of the Relationships between Involvement
... More recently, Kim, Scott, and Crompton (1997) tested a model examining the influence of leisure involvement (which they called social psychological involvement), commitment, and past behavior (which they
termed behavioral involvement) on future intentions in the context of birdwatching, concluding ...
LAY THEORIES OF HAPPINESS This study set out
... Eysenck (1990) however argues that many lay theories about happiness
are myths. “We have encountered numerous cases in which commonsenses views have been disproved by psychological research” (p. 119).
And later: “. . . our knowledge of happiness has moved well beyond the
limited insights of common s ...
PDF hosted at the Radboud Repository of the Radboud University
... responses are arbitrary (instructed). According to the
dimensional overlap model (Kornblum and Lee 1995), the
feature overlap in the Simon and in the SNARC task occurs
between the response set and the irrelevant stimulus
dimension (type 3 in their taxonomy). In contrast, the
overlap in the Flanker t ...
Team composition refers to the overall mix of characteristics among people in a team, which is a unit of two or more individuals who interact interdependently to achieve a common objective It is based on the attributes among individuals that comprise the team, in addition to their main objective. Team composition is usually either homogeneous, in which all members are the same, or heterogeneous, in which team members all contain significant differences. It has also been identified as a key factor that influences team performance. It factors in the individual attributes of team members (e.g. skill, experience, and ability) and how these contributions can potentially combine to dictate overall performance outcomes for the team. In the past decade, research on team effectiveness has burgeoned as teams have become increasingly common in organizations of all kinds. Research conducted on this topic has focused on aggregated member characteristics, member heterogeneity and team size as categories associated with team composition The fashion in which a team is configured has a strong influence on team processes and the outcomes that the team achieves The main outcomes associated with team performance can be classified mostly as performance outcomes (overall quality/precision of work produced, etc.) internal member outcomes (group cohesion, etc.) and behavioral outcomes (absenteeism, etc).