The importance of ecosystems
... sustaining or restoring ecological systems will
allow nature itself to provide society’s most basic
needs and the very foundations of our global
AC in Sustainability and Ecological Literacy Program Description:
... The interdisciplinary Academic Certificate (AC) in Sustainability and Ecological Literacy enhances students` understanding of
sustainable living practices associated with economics, equity and the environment. Through a combination of coursework and
experiential learning, students engage in critical ...
Enhanced Delivery of Ecosystem Services through Agri
... focuses on interdisciplinary research applied ecology in areas such as agri-environmental
management, ecosystem restoration and sustainable management of Natura 2000 and other
protected areas. Current research projects include investigation of high nature value farming in
north-west of Ireland, peat ...
... Halting the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services remains a key challenge of the
21st century. The SIMBIOSYS Project contributed to tackling this challenge by
studying the impacts of key sectoral activities in Ireland (in particular: the cultivation
of bioenergy crops, road developments, aquac ...
Ecosystem Services of Mangrove Forests
... Where can they be found ?
• Along the shoreline of
river estuaries and
• Kala Oya estuary,
harbors rich mangrove
16 Palmer Globalization Grand Challenge
... lands to obtain fuel, food, fisheries, and even water (ref). While some of these resources may be
limiting globally, most of them are simply not available where and when they are needed. For
the latter, the implications of extracting or producing those resources and distributing them
across the glob ...
... as seafood and timber), life support processes (such as pollination and
water purification), and life-fulfilling conditions (such as beauty and
serenity). Moreover, ecosystems have value in terms of the
conservation of options (such as genetic diversity for future use) (1).
Unfortunately, relative t ...
... new ecosystem around our
greenhouse. We will be building
raised beds, planting new plants,
and revitalizing the front of our
school getting rid of the overgrowth
from the summer. Meeting place to
determine jobs at 8:30 in the front
of the building.
Ecosystem accounting in support of environmental management
... support land use planning in a dynamic setting. In Limburg, their focus is about combining biodiversity
conservation with ecosystem services supply whilst in Central Kalimantan, they are studying peat subsidence
- and its associated CO2 emissions - and ecosystem services supply in order to guide lan ...
AMY M. VILLAMAGNA Conservation Ecology Geospatial Analysis
... Conservation Ecology
Asst. Professor of
Environmental Science & Policy
Center for the Environment
Ph.D. Fisheries & Wildlife Science, Virginia Tech
M.S. Sustainable Development & Conservation Biology,
University of Maryland
B.A. Environmental Studies – Policy, Eckerd Co ...
... hydroelectric-power producers, who receive services such as streamflow regulation, sediment retention and erosion control, partly by
private consumers of water, who use it for irrigation, and partly by the
country's government, in order to supply towns with water and
maintain the area's scenic beaut ...
... Science for Sustainable
• Millennium Ecosystem
Assessment Program (MEA)
Bio for Jintao Xu
... Bio for Jintao Xu
Jintao Xu is professor of economics and director, China Center for Energy and Development
(CCED), National School of Development at Peking University since September 2012. Before
that he served as department head and professor at the Department of Environmental
Management, College ...
... Day One 5:00-6:00
science informing policy symposium series from the sublime to the
... provision of ecosystem services is the concept of “green infrastructure” – the native
species, ecological communities and biophysical processes that constitute and
sustain natural ecosystems. Healthy, well-managed protected areas are significant
reservoirs of this green infrastructure and therefore ...
Payment for ecosystem services
Payments for ecosystem services (PES), also known as payments for environmental services (or benefits), are incentives offered to farmers or landowners in exchange for managing their land to provide some sort of ecological service. They have been defined as ""a transparent system for the additional provision of environmental services through conditional payments to voluntary providers."" These programmes promote the conservation of natural resources in the marketplace.Ecosystem services have no standardized definition but might broadly be called “the benefits of nature to households, communities, and economies” or, more simply, “the good things nature does."" Twenty-four specific ecosystem services were identified and assessed by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, a 2005 UN-sponsored report designed to assess the state of the world's ecosystems. The report defined the broad categories of ecosystem services as food production (in the form of crops, livestock, capture fisheries, aquaculture, and wild foods), fiber (in the form of timber, cotton, hemp, and silk), genetic resources (biochemicals, natural medicines, and pharmaceuticals), fresh water, air quality regulation, climate regulation, water regulation, erosion regulation, water purification and waste treatment, disease regulation, pest regulation, pollination, natural hazard regulation, and cultural services (including spiritual, religious, and aesthetic values, recreation and ecotourism). Notably, however, there is a “big three” among these 24 services which are currently receiving the most money and interest worldwide. These are climate change mitigation, watershed services and biodiversity conservation, and demand for these services in particular is predicted to continue to grow as time goes on. One seminal 1997 Nature magazine article estimated the annual value of global ecological benefits at $33 trillion, a number nearly twice the then global gross product.Some PES programs involve contracts between consumers of ecosystem services and the suppliers of these services. However, the majority of the PES programs are funded by governments and involve intermediaries, such as non-government organisations. The party supplying the environmental services normally holds the property rights over an environmental good that provides a flow of benefits to the demanding party in return for compensation. In the case of private contracts, the beneficiaries of the ecosystem services are willing to pay a price that can be expected to be lower than their welfare gain due to the services. The providers of the ecosystem services can be expected to be willing to accept a payment that is greater than the cost of providing the services.