285 pdf - Hans L Zetterberg`s Archive
... ronment of language is, of course, freedom of speech. Language gives humanity a wide crack in an otherwise deterministic universe. Human language is an opening to our
Taking a first telescopic view, we find some intense
bursts of symbolic activity in the so-called “axial civilizations” of C ...
Brighter than Gold: Figurative Language in User
... characterize similes, and group them in two conceptually distinctive classes. The first class contains cues that are agnostic of the context in which
the comparison appears (domain-agnostic cues).
For example, we find that the higher the semantic similarity between the two arguments, the less
Natural language acquisition and rhetoric in artificial intelligence
... Edelman, two prominent neurobiologists, probably put it
best with their assessment of artificial intelligence's
work with psychology and the neurosciences:
Artificial intelligence is a science that finds
itself in somewhat the same epistemological
position as Aristotleian dentistry. Aristotle
Spanish prepositions in Media Lengua
... ‘the roof of his house has come/fallen down’
Bakker and Hekking (1999) argue that in these cases the original element
and the borrowed element show only partial synonymy, and that therefore a
functional explanation still holds. However, the definition of a functional
gap is highly problematic. First ...
Intuitions and Competence in Formal Semantics
... thus concerns the function that intuitions have.
The second principle is about their content, viz., about what they
are intuitions of. It holds that the content of the intuitions that are
relevant for linguistic theory are linguistic facts. In general terms, intuitions are about properties of, and r ...
CDA Wodak File
... CDA sees the relationship between language and society being dialectical. This means
that the relationship between language and society is two-way: on the one hand,
language is influenced by society; on the other hand, society is shaped by language.
Describing discourse as social practice implies t ...
Linguistics and Intercultural Communication
... describing some of the major studies in each tradition, and pointing out
problematic aspects of each tradition (sections 3 and 4). The understanding
of Intercultural Communication as ‘interdiscourse communication’ is the
most recent addition to the field, and traditionally Intercultural Communicatio ...
semiotic mediation, language and society: three exotripic theories
... The Genesis of Consciousness: A Vygotskian Perspective
In this and the following section, I will present some fragments from a theory
of consciousness that has deservedly received much attention during the last two
decades. The theory is associated with the name of Vygotsky (1962; 1978), who
Critical Discourse Analysis
... they cause certain perspectives and states of affairs to come to seem or be taken as
'normal' or 'natural' and others to seem or be taken as 'deviant' or 'marginal' (e.g., what
counts as a 'normal' prisoner, hospital patient, or student, or a 'normal' prison, hospital,
or school, at a given time and ...
quantitative and qualitative - BU Blogs
... a stool begins, for few words – and very few key words in social science – have crisp
boundaries. More importantly, most words are multivalent; they have more than one
attribute and consequently can mean more than one thing. Thus, to say that an object is
“not-A” could mean a number of different thi ...
Vitality entry in Wiley encyclopedia
... IAM states that the outcomes of intergroup relations are influenced by the
acculturation orientations (assimilation, integration, segregation or marginalisation) that both
the dominant majority group and a particular minority group have in the context of this
particular intergroup setting. They prop ...
Discourse and creativity - Reading`s CentAUR
... like, pragmatics, conversation analysis, interactional sociolinguistics, and
Austin’s speech act theory all see discourse itself as a kind of social action
and explore how people use it to both make sense of and to alter the
circumstances of their social and material worlds. More recent approaches
Big Data Approaches to Study Discourse Processes
... In a striking example of this line of research, Hills & Adelman (2015) report evidence that
English-speakers have adopted increasingly concrete language over the past two hundred years,
allowing them to communicate effectively in an ever more competitive information marketplace.
Building a Corpus in Linguistic Anthropology
... Linguists look frequently at printed examples of standardized languages and then generalize to millions of
speakers, without checking variations within the linguistic behavior covered by that language name.
Actually, more often than not, the origin of the language data is not explained at all, as if ...
WHAT IS MEANT BY DISCOURSE ANALYSIS?
... or dialogic properties of everyday communication.
The term discourse analysis is very ambiguous. I will use it in this book to refer mainly to
the linguistic analysis of naturally occurring connected speech or written discourse.
Roughly speaking, it refers to attempts to study the organisation of la ...
... indexical or “pragmatic” level) interact with
less contextual, more conventional kinds of
meaning (the symbolic or semantic level, focused more on language content than form).
(See Morris 1971 on the semantic/pragmatic
distinction.) A further complication is introduced by the need to incorporate ana ...
Full Paper - Progressive Academic Publishing
... The term semiotics (originally spelled as semeiotics) was derived from Greek word
“semeion” which means sign. It was coined by Hippocrates, who was founder of western
medical science. With this view medical science is basically semiotic science because a sign
or symptom is a hint to an inner conditi ...
Monetary Exchange as an Extra-Linguistic Social Communication
... monetary exchange as simply redistributing existing knowledge is to
miss the crucial point that such a shift creates what previously did not
exist in any accessible form.
This links very nicely to Hayek's (1948) later work on the role prices
play as conveyors of knowledge.' For Hayek, the importance ...
Rereading Romanticism, Rereading Expressivism: Revising "Voice
... ories of imagination (1995, p. 38) and in the ways romantics theorized education (“the importance of the individual; the importance of personal experience;
and an emphasis on activity as opposed to passivity” (1995, p. 36)). Like Gradin,
I turn back to a familiar romantic, William Wordsworth, but wi ...
Cultural evolution of language
... This chapter argues that an evolutionary cultural approach to language not only has already proven fruitful, but it probably holds the key to understand many puzzling aspects
of language, its change and origins. The chapter begins by highlighting several still
common misconceptions about language th ...
the combination of critical discourse analysis
... grammar, and dictionary for the guidance of writers and speakers in a nonhomogeneous speech community’. In his definition, language planning focused on the
form of the language, which later developed into the concept of ‘corpus planning’ by
others (e.g. Kloss, 1969; Johnson, 2013). Indeed, the focus ...
View Full Paper - European Consortium for Political Research
... expressed in another one (Lotman 2000: 37).7
I will call such mutually equivalent relationships between units of meaning
‘conceptual compatibility’. Since cultures and languages are always in flux, emerging
through social historical processes, such relationships are inherently unstable.
Social Digital Discourse: New Challenges for Corpus
... This contribution attempts to link new forms of discourse with old linguistic
sub-disciplines, in particular corpus- and sociolinguistics. It shows that social
digital discourses can enrich the discussion of linguistic concepts as they
pose new challenges for linguistic researchers – but they also o ...
History of linguistics
Linguistics as a study endeavors to describe and explain the human faculty of language.In ancient civilization, linguistic study was originally motivated by the correct description of classical liturgical language, notably that of Sanskrit grammar beginning in about the 6th century BCE, or by the development of logic and rhetoric in ancient Greece, leading to a grammatical tradition in Hellenism. Beginning around the 4th century BCE, China also developed its own grammatical traditions.Traditions of Arabic grammar and Hebrew grammar developed during the Middle Ages, also in a religious context.Modern linguistics began to develop in the 18th century, reaching the ""golden age of philology"" in the 19th century. The first half of the 20th century was marked by the structuralist school, based on the work of Ferdinand de Saussure in Europe and Edward Sapir and Leonard Bloomfield in the United States. The 1960s saw the rise of many new fields in linguistics, such as Noam Chomsky's generative grammar, William Labov's sociolinguistics, Michael Halliday's systemic functional linguistics and also modern psycholinguistics.