... Ethnography of speaking
Study of cultural rules which organize
Assume speech is patterned in
culturally-specific and cross-culturally
2. The ethnography of speaking and the structure of conversation
... The study of language must deal with the ‘real’ texts that form human communication and the social
situations they are used in.
The speech event is constituted by seven distinct factors, each associated with a different function:
- speaker / writer,
- hearer / reader,
- message form (passed between ...
... Grammar/syntax provides the practices for combining words into
intelligible utterances (usually “sentences”), expressing culturally-relevant
and –relative aspects of experience (for instance, time, person, number,
gender, case, etc.).
... embedded in culture and society. The definition of profanity
pursued in this course includes any use of language that is
ideologically positioned as offensive to taste, sensibilities,
and/or classes of persons, such as curse words, sexual
registers, youth slang, verbal taboo, vulgar language,
... culture, society, and a person’s social position determine
– A form of cultural constructionism socio-linguistics
asserts that an individual’s culture and social context
shape their language and its meanings.
... it has produced, i.e. a shared repertoire of resources (practices, sensibilities, artifacts, vocabulary, discourses,
styles, etc.) that members have developed as part of a process of social learning. The concept of “community
of practice” provides a more empirically satisfying model of social struct ...
Foresight - Unique Media TV
... • No discussion of the grounding of language. Use of analogy: can a computer
understand language without a grounding of language?
• Solving the problem of speech is not the same as solving the problem of
• Communication between brains and communication within brains: what can one
teach abo ...
Structure of Words&Sentences
... Language Extinction
• How many languages in the world?
• 6,300 current estimate
– How many are at risk (under 20,000 speakers)?
• Nearly 4,000
– How many have fewer than 100 speakers?
• Nearly 500.
... 2. Single individuals may change the way they talk depending upon the social requirements of a
given setting--this is called style shifting.
3. Diglossia is the regular shifting from one dialect to another (e.g., high and low variants of a
language) by members of a single linguistic population.
4. L ...
... The role of the CNS in development of language:
• The brain is the coordinating center of all linguistic activity
• it controls both the production of linguistic cognition and of meaning and the
mechanics of speech production
• our knowledge of the neurological bases for language is quite limited, t ...
Anthropology 340 LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
... pre-history of languages and determine their
relatedness, grouping them into language
• Developing general theories about how and why
• Etymology - studying the history of words.
Communication and Culture Part I - Hale
... Knew the names of 200 different items Trained for 8
years by owner
Experiments revealed he could retrieve specific
items on command with remarkable accuracy
Could even learn the names of new objects to about
the same degree as a 3 year old human
Is this language?
Trends and possibilities of language application in higher education
... stems from the cooperation between linguists and sociologists, with the purpose to
theoretically model different factors influencing the choice of academic language. We rely on
the concept of intercultural strategies, introduced by Berry (1997) as an extension of his
earlier concept of acculturation ...
Core ideas of Sociolinguistics for LG474 Language Rights
... spoken by geographically and socially diverse groups do, too.
Variability is the dimension in which the social meanings of collective
language choices become visible, as those choices are associated with the
orientation of speakers towards social groups.
Variation is the mechanism for making that ha ...
editorial introduction - Psychology of Language and Communication
... firstly, from the perspectives of phylogenesis and ontogenesis, and secondly, in the light of
the ontogenetic development of human beings. Acquisition of both spoken and sign language development is considered. The final article focuses on speech in adults and illustrates the differences between Wes ...
Intro to Rhetorical Criticism
... Artistry – Evaluating the quality of the
Ethics – What are the long-term implications
for the social welfare of society?
Ottenheimer 6 - Cynthia Clarke
... The dessert example of the Czech student who expected to be asked more than once is another culturally different
way of showing politeness.
Exam II Study Questions
... Trackton, and Roadville children learn language? What patterns of language use and questioning do public educators
typically use to teach reading, writing, etc.? How do school patterns compare with Mainstream, Trackton and Roadville
language styles? What do the differences in language acquisition st ...
... Phonetics (sounds)
Morphemics (word structure)
Syntax (sentence structure)
... Speech Act Strategy and Implementation of Principles of Humorist on Social Media as Media
to Maintain Diversity of Multicultural Society in NKRI
Language and Communication
... Initial ideas centered on ‘all thoughts being
constrained, or determined, by language’
Various studies have disproved this area of
the hypothesis – language does not
Studies have also shown that language does
have an influence on thought
ways in which we see the world may be
Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and the effects of language use on society. Sociolinguistics differs from sociology of language in that the focus of sociology of language is the effect of the society on the language, while the sociolinguistics focuses on language's effect on the society. Sociolinguistics overlaps to a considerable degree with pragmatics. It is historically closely related to linguistic anthropology and the distinction between the two fields has even been questioned recently.It also studies how language varieties differ between groups separated by certain social variables (e.g., ethnicity, religion, status, gender, level of education, age, etc.) and how creation and adherence to these rules is used to categorize individuals in social or socioeconomic classes. As the usage of a language varies from place to place, language usage also varies among social classes, and it is these sociolects that sociolinguistics studies.The social aspects of language were in the modern sense first studied by Indian and Japanese linguists in the 1930s, and also by Louis Gauchat in Switzerland in the early 1900s, but none received much attention in the West until much later. The study of the social motivation of language change, on the other hand, has its foundation in the wave model of the late 19th century. The first attested use of the term sociolinguistics was by Thomas Callan Hodson in the title of his 1939 article ""Sociolingistics in India"" published in Man in India. Sociolinguistics in the West first appeared in the 1960s and was pioneered by linguists such as William Labov in the US and Basil Bernstein in the UK. In the 1960s, William Stewart and Heinz Kloss introduced the basic concepts for the sociolinguistic theory of pluricentric languages, which describes how standard language varieties differ between nations (e.g. American/British/Canadian/Australian English; Austrian/German/Swiss German; Bosnian/Croatian/Montenegrin/Serbian Serbo-Croatian).