grammatical variation and change in spoken ontario
... opportunity to trace the trajectory of variation and change.
The empirical chapters provide a detailed investigation of two aspects of French
grammar: the variable use of the subjunctive mood and the expression of future temporal
reference. The analyses of both morphosyntactic variables are carried ...
distinction through home furniture, furnishing and
... and through the friendly conversations that he did not deprive his students from, contributed
immensely to my academic and intellectual curiosity and showed me that both are fulfilling
activities as well as a life style in their own right. Moreover, I am deeply grateful to our
department secretary S ...
285 pdf - Hans L Zetterberg`s Archive
... This Volume has Surrounded by Symbols in its title. Here
we pursue humans’ symbolic environment, addressing the
basic elements of peoples’ lives with a minimum of references to those aspects of biology other than the human
language brain, the latter being the latest addition in the
evolution of the ...
... homogeneous throughout a society. A variety of language is
standardized as a result of economic, political and cultural
influences in a particular historical epoch. What we really have
is politically motivated linguistic theory.
Saussure’s langue/parole distinction is a general one
underlying soci ...
Social Stratificationhot! - Professional Learning and Development
... form into levels or strata.
The concept of stratification describes
how society is organised in layers; some
people in a higher layer or strata than
others. Unlike rocks, social stratification is
made by people in society, for instance
the class system in the UK is an example
of social stratificatio ...
Exploring Intercultural Interactions in Multicultural Contexts:
... speakers, evaluated by others, seems to rely only on his listeners’ knowledge of
the issue and the rude, inefficient speaker’s indirect contextualization cues (e.g.,
tone stressing and using personal emotional feeling to assess his audiences) to
carry his argument, which is not followed by his liste ...
Discourse Analysis (General Introduction)
... common to associate discourse with language use. Generally, the term refers to any spoken or
written communication. In the restricted sense, early scholars of discourse saw it as any
verbal exchange or conversation. In contemporary times, discourse means “actual instances
of communicative action in ...
A brief history of Stylistics
... Stylistics can be by and large described as the study of style of language usage in
different contexts, either linguistic, or situational. Yet, it seems that due to the
complex history and variety of investigated issues of this study it is difficult to state
precisely what stylistics is, and to mark ...
The Enduring Problem of Social Class Stigma
... And that racial and ethnic minorities are stereotyped by whites as uneducated, untrustworthy, and lacking in motivation and a proper work ethic (Scheer, Smith, and Thomas
2009; Onwuachi-Willig, Houh, and Campbell 2008; Cleveland 2008). Such beliefs tend
to provide legitimization when racial and ethn ...
Discourse and creativity - Reading`s CentAUR
... This collection presents a range of different perspectives on the relationship
between discourse and creativity. It is divided into four sections, each
focusing on a different type of discourse: The first section explores literary
discourse, the second focuses on creativity in corporate and professi ...
semiotic mediation, language and society: three exotripic theories
... act as the biogenetic foundation on which more advanced mental activity can be
built. Vygotsky argued that in their own make up the natural mental activities
do not manifest the qualities which are distinctive of human mental functions.
These qualities are introduced into mental functions through th ...
Critical Discourse Analysis
... sentence examples e.g. the word ‘This’ can be used at the start of a discussion to
foreground the topic under discussion and identify it as important to the speaker,
whereas the word ‘That’ could be used to background or marginalise a topic and place
it is a subordinate position, from the speaker’s ...
CONTEXT AND COGNITION: KNOWLEDGE FRAMES AND
... what is shown.
More generally it may even be said that the proper social conditions involved in
the formulation of pragmatic rules, such as authority, power, role and politeness
relations, operate on a cognitive basis: i.e. they are relevant only inasfar the speech
participants know these rules, are ...
Language Contact and Morphosyntactic - Phil.
... language varieties in Europe “which are the result in part of simplification resulting from dialect contact” (Trudgill 2011b:238). At the same
time, it has long been permanently exposed to significant influence of
contact with other languages/varieties. First, HCSG was for a long time
the lingua fra ...
Social Ontology: Some Basic Principles
... cannot begin to understand what is special about human society, how it differs from
primate societies and other animal societies, unless you first understand some special
features of human language. Language is the presupposition of the existence of other
social institutions in a way that they are n ...
Cultural evolution of language
... in linguistics—that are at odds with an evolutionary perspective (see section,
The Misconception of Language Particularism). These positions all argue for
language being different from other kinds of human culture. In contrast, we
will argue that these differences are all just a matter of degree and ...
the combination of critical discourse analysis
... Addressing the limitation within CLP and traditional LPP, it is widely used by scholars
to examine agents and contexts across the multiple layers of language policy creation,
interpretation and appropriation. It marries a critical focus on the power of
marginalizing policy with a focus on agency (Ho ...
Rereading Romanticism, Rereading Expressivism: Revising "Voice
... true and radically unique. Social constructionists, by contrast, see language as
the province of the social group and thus there can be no purely personal truth
or unique expression.
Taken together, Faigley and Berlin are constructionists who define themselves against expressivism on the issue of fr ...
WHAT IS MEANT BY DISCOURSE ANALYSIS?
... the Yoruba (Nigeria); see also Alessandro's Duranti's work (e.g. Duranti 1993
) on the Samoan
conception of meaning which holds speakers responsible for the social consequences of their acts of
speaking rather than for intentions ascribed to them). However, such a critique requires an elaboration
Good Practice Principles for English language proficiency for
... also take responsibility for their own language development while at university, as part of
taking responsibility for their learning. It is important that students are aware of this
expectation before they commit to a course of study, so universities need to advise
prospective students of their resp ...
Toward a Mechanistic Understanding of Linguistic Diversity
... significantly greater influence of these factors in forager and
pastoralist groups than in agriculturalist societies (Currie
and Mace 2012).
In several previous studies, correlations have also been
noted between linguistic diversity and biological diversity
(e.g., bird diversity, Sutherland 2003; pl ...
To: Speaker of the Rice University Faculty Senate Chair of the
... expressly covered in the curriculum of language departments. The targeted learning experiences
provided by the Certificate program are focused on providing a platform for the intersection of
students’ academic goals and linguistic skills so as to transfer the classroom knowledge into real
world expe ...
Vitality entry in Wiley encyclopedia
... IAM states that the outcomes of intergroup relations are influenced by the
acculturation orientations (assimilation, integration, segregation or marginalisation) that both
the dominant majority group and a particular minority group have in the context of this
particular intergroup setting. They prop ...
Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and the effects of language use on society. Sociolinguistics differs from sociology of language in that the focus of sociology of language is the effect of the society on the language, while the sociolinguistics focuses on language's effect on the society. Sociolinguistics overlaps to a considerable degree with pragmatics. It is historically closely related to linguistic anthropology and the distinction between the two fields has even been questioned recently.It also studies how language varieties differ between groups separated by certain social variables (e.g., ethnicity, religion, status, gender, level of education, age, etc.) and how creation and adherence to these rules is used to categorize individuals in social or socioeconomic classes. As the usage of a language varies from place to place, language usage also varies among social classes, and it is these sociolects that sociolinguistics studies.The social aspects of language were in the modern sense first studied by Indian and Japanese linguists in the 1930s, and also by Louis Gauchat in Switzerland in the early 1900s, but none received much attention in the West until much later. The study of the social motivation of language change, on the other hand, has its foundation in the wave model of the late 19th century. The first attested use of the term sociolinguistics was by Thomas Callan Hodson in the title of his 1939 article ""Sociolingistics in India"" published in Man in India. Sociolinguistics in the West first appeared in the 1960s and was pioneered by linguists such as William Labov in the US and Basil Bernstein in the UK. In the 1960s, William Stewart and Heinz Kloss introduced the basic concepts for the sociolinguistic theory of pluricentric languages, which describes how standard language varieties differ between nations (e.g. American/British/Canadian/Australian English; Austrian/German/Swiss German; Bosnian/Croatian/Montenegrin/Serbian Serbo-Croatian).