More information about caffeine dependence
... and they continue to use caffeine to avoid experiencing caffeine withdrawal symptoms.
Caffeine dependence (ICD-10 diagnosis and DSM-IV criteria for substance dependence applied to
caffeine). Substance dependence is characterized by a cluster of cognitive, behavioral and physiological
symptoms indica ...
Baker College Undergraduate Course Descriptions
... related to business entities, including C and S corporations and
partnerships. Emphasis is placed on the application of tax laws to
the preparation of federal tax and informational return for these
Orexin/Hypocretin: A Neuropeptide at the Interface of Sleep, Energy
... states as well as feeding behavior and reward processes. Orexin deficiency results in narcolepsy in humans, dogs, and rodents, suggesting that the orexin
system is particularly important for maintenance of
wakefulness. In addition, orexin deficiency also cause
abnormalities in energy homeostasis and ...
The physiological role of orexin/hypocretin neurons in the regulation
... system, and arousal. For example, orexin neurons are regulated by peripheral metabolic
cues, including ghrelin, leptin, and glucose concentration. This suggests that they may
provide a link between energy homeostasis and arousal states. A link between the limbic
system and orexin neurons might be im ...
Physiology of the Mammalian Circadian System
... suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), first identified in the early
1970s as critical for the normal expression of circadian
rhythms, and long considered to be the master circadian
pacemaker in mammals. Only in the past few years, however,
has the SCN given up the secret of how it generates circadian
Magnesium depletion with hypo- or hyper
... hours). An episode of nocturnal asthma (NA) is characterized by an exaggeration in this normal variation in lung function [decreases in peak expiratory
flow rate (PEF) and forced expiratory volume in one
second (FEV1)] from daytime to nighttime, with diurnal changes in PEF generally of more than 15% ...
2010 product catalog - TR-KinE
... Philips Respironics System One brings key intelligent
technologies together in one device.
Respironics has consistently offered smarter tools that help sleep
professionals provide better care and achieve better results. Now,
based on customer input, we’re delivering an even higher level of
Monthly Resource: Antiobiotic Renal Dosing
... the body almost exclusively by the kidneys. In normal patients, the rate of creatinine
production equals the amount of creatinine excreted. In order to determine if kidneys are
functioning properly and eliminating metabolic waste, the clearance of creatinine is monitored
to determine a glomerular fi ...
SLEEP 2010 Abstract Supplement
... This abstract supplement unites SLEEP and the science of the
SLEEP 2010 24th Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, LLC (APSS) in a convenient electronic
format. All abstracts presented at SLEEP 2010 held June 5-9,
2010, in San Antonio, Texas are included in this special issu ...
2004 - Philadelphia
... DISCLAIMER: The statements and opinions contained in editorials and
articles in this journal are solely those of the authors thereof and not of
the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, LLC, the American
Academy of Sleep Medicine, the Sleep Research Society, or of their
officers, regents, members ...
Using Orem`s self-care model for asthmatic adolescents
... As an adolescent gains more independence and
spends more time with peers, many problems arise
in relation to assuming responsibility for the treatment and management of an illness (Couriel, 2003;
Peterson-Sweeney, McMullen, Yoos, & Kitzman,
2003). Individuals during adolescence are capable of
Comprehensive Melatonin Profile
... sleep. In general, a falling body temperature induces sleep, while a rising
body temperature provokes wakefulness. It has been demonstrated that an
individual will fall asleep most quickly and stay asleep the longest when
lights are out, and the body temperature undergoes its most rapid decline.51
Effects of medicinal drugs on actual and simulated driving
... crashes. In a recent review of drug driving research conducted by The European Monitoring Centre for
Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) recently published a literature review of drug driving research
(EMCDDA 2008). In general, drug driving research has followed to methodological approaches (i.e.
... Orofacial pain represents a problem that is common, unique, diverse in many ways,
and challenging. Orofacial pain is common because it affects many millions of people
worldwide. In the United States alone, more than 39 million adults, or 22 % of the
adult population, report orofacial pain, and the m ...
Clinical Practice Guideline for Diagnostic Testing for Adult
... study utilizing an AHI cutoff of ≥ 5 events/h (hypopneas associated with 4% oxygen desaturations) combined with clinical
symptoms to define OSA.6 OSA may impact a larger proportion of the population than indicated by these numbers, as the
definition of AHI used in this study was restrictive and did
to eat or to sleep? orexin in the regulation of feeding and wakefulness
... 1996, Levitt & Teitelbaum 1975, Danguir & Nicolaidis 1980a). More recent studies have identified posterior lateral hypothalamic neurons whose firing rates vary
with the sleep-wakefulness cycle (Steininger et al 1999). Sleep studies in rats
found that Fos immunoreactivity in orexin neurons is positiv ...
The Dialectics of Hebb and Homeostasis within
... perturbations in firing are sensed and integrated, and the speed of the resulting homeostatic
compensation, is still not entirely clear. On a theoretical level, the existence of “firing rate set points”
in neocortical neurons provides a means for circuits to self-tune excitability over long time-sca ...
Alteration of Coagulation and Selected Clinical Chemistry
... 74 mg/dl after surgery and rapidly diminishes during the
next two days. Plasma hemoglobin rise is principally attributed to aspiration of blood from the pericardial sac
and return of blood to the oxygenator. 16 Serum haptoglobin steadily falls to a mean low level of 25-50 mg/
dl hemoglobin-binding c ...
Natural Ways to Eliminate Restless Leg Syndrome
... related to other common risk factors such as smoking, older age, low physical
activity and lack of sleep. Moreover, men who had conditions such as high blood
pressure, cancer or insomnia, had a further increased risk of death if they had
RLS too, according to the study.
Medical Device Alternatives to RLS Drugs
... higher prevalence at night, in the summer, and at more northerly latitudes.
4.4. Primary versus Secondary RLS
4.4.1. Primary RLS
In the vast majority of patients suffering from RLS, no associated disorder or illness is present to
explain the presence of RLS.[1,50,51] In patients with primary RLS, th ...
Caffeine - Induced Psychiatric Disorders
... Adopted from the Nutrition Action Center for Science in the Public Interest
* Serving sizes are based on commonly eaten portions, pharmaceutical instructions, or the amount of the leading-selling container size. For
example, beverages sold in 16-ounce or half-liter bottles were counted as one servin ...
Start School Later movement
The Start School Later movement refers to a series of efforts in the U.S.A. by health care professionals, sleep scientists, educators, economists, legislators, parents, students, and other concerned citizens to restore a later start to the school day, based on a growing body of evidence that starting middle and high schools too early in the morning is unhealthy, counterproductive, and incompatible with adolescent sleep needs and patterns. During the second half of the 20th century, many public schools in the United States began shifting instructional time earlier than the more conventional bell time, thought to be about 9 a.m. Today it is common for American schools to begin the instructional day in the 7 or 8 a.m. hour and end about seven hours later, around 2 p.m. Most sleep research suggests that morning classes should begin no earlier than 8:30 a.m. for middle and high school students.Advocates of a return to later school start times argue that sleep and school hours should be viewed as a public health issue, citing evidence linking early school start times to widespread sleep deprivation among teenagers as well as a wide array of acute and chronic physical, psychological, and educational problems. Not only do students consistently get significantly more sleep on school nights when their schools move to later start times, but later school hours have been consistently linked with improved school performance, reduced impulsiveness, and greater motivation, as well as with lower rates of depression, tardiness, truancy, and morning automobile accidents. Recent studies suggest that early school start times disproportionately hurt economically disadvantaged students and may even negatively impact future earning potential of students, offsetting any financial savings to the school system attributed to earlier hours.