slides - UMD Physics
... d th t ti
i ll f
The implications of the speed of light being the same in all reference frames is that space
and time MUST change in different reference frames.
To analyze the situation, we make some definition and set up our reference frames and
Event: Physical activity that take ...
Relativity 1 - UCF College of Sciences
... The cornerstone of the theory of special relativity is the
Principle of Relativity:
The Laws of Physics are the same in all inertial frames of
We shall see that many surprising consequences follow from this
The special theory of relativity
... Due to the postulates of the special theory of relativity, the laws of physics are the same in all
1. The Maxwell equations are exact equations, because they are invariant under the Lorentz
2. The Newton’s laws of motion are invariant under the Galilean c ...
CCR 1: Classical Relativity
... An important question regarding the laws of motion, one that concerned Newton himself and one that you likely studied in first-year physics, is that of the reference frame
in which they are valid. It turns out that they work correctly only in what is called an
inertial reference frame, a reference f ...
Relativity, Inertia, and Equivalence Principle
Any accelerating system is non-inertial, there would
be break in symmetry (a “special” direction would
If motion in one dimension is not acceleration, then
we can consider an inertial frame along that
direction – consider plane flying at constant
speed… you could do experiment ...
Ethan Frome - Grand Valley State University
... Accelerating reference frames: The Foucault pendulum
1. (Note: This problem can also serve as a post-test for Accelerating reference frames: Rotating frames.)
The diagrams below show a coordinate system fixed to the surface of the Earth at a northern latitude .
LOYOLA COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), CHENNAI – 600 034
... 7. What is the nature of the path traced by a representative point in a two dimensional phase
space for a one dimensional harmonic oscillator?
8. What is the nature of the new set of variables (
transformation from the set of variables ( , ) to ( ,
9. What are coupled oscillators?
Homework # 2
... sec on her timer, she turns on a bright light under the front of her spaceship.
(a) Use the Lorentz coordinate transformation to calculate x as measured by Stanley for the event of
turning on the light.
(b) Use the Lorentz coordinate transformation to calculate t as measured by Stanley for the event ...
... for electromagnetic was the objective of the previous experiments. Einstein generalized
it for all physical laws. It means that if two observers performed an experiment in 2
different reference frames moving with constant relative velocity ( inertial frames ) they
will get exactly the same results. ...
Derivations of the Lorentz transformations
There are many ways to derive the Lorentz transformations utilizing a variety of mathematical tools, spanning from elementary algebra and hyperbolic functions, to linear algebra and group theory.This article provides a few of the easier ones to follow in the context of special relativity, for the simplest case of a Lorentz boost in standard configuration, i.e. two inertial frames moving relative to each other at constant (uniform) relative velocity less than the speed of light, and using Cartesian coordinates so that the x and x′ axes are collinear.