How the modern Middle East map came to be drawn
... By 1917 Sykes was also convinced hat it was vital for the British war effort to win jewish support against Germany, and that pledging support or Zionism could win it. That year his efforts and those of others resulted in the publication of a statement by Arthur james Balfour, the British Foreign Sec ...
... Western Front - The series of trenches dug by both sides in northern France.
Dardanelles - A waterway, controlled by the Ottoman Empire, that connected
the Mediterranean Sea to the Black Sea.
Sussex Pledge - A pledge by Germany to stop the policy of unrestricted
submarine warfare in 1916.
History of the Ottoman Empire during World War I
The Ottoman Empire participated in World War I as one of the Central Powers. It entered the war after Russia declared war on it on November first, 1914, following the Battle of Odessa. Ottoman forces fought the Allies on Middle Eastern theatre of World War I, and Ottoman territory itself was in insurgency and rebellions for most of the war, except for a brief period in 1917 when Russian revolution occurred. A tight blockade imposed by the allies, and farming population being on the front caused severe food shortages in the cities, especially in the winter of 1916-17.