Personality in the Workplace
... Believe their own abilities and efforts control
the things that happen to them
Are independent, like to participate in
decisions, are involved in work, adjust to
work and handle job stress well, like to
influence others, are future rather than
present oriented, are achievement
1. The concept of “personality” most clearly embodies the notion of
... A) the part of human personality that lacks a sense of right and wrong.
B) the thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories, of which we are largely unaware.
C) a set of universal concepts acquired by all humans from our common past.
D) a reservoir of deeply repressed memories that does not affect behav ...
Social Cognition and Crime
... the expectancy that one cannot escape aversive events
& the motivational & learning deficits that result from the
FAML 430 Week 11 - I
... orientation, refers to motivation to achieve mastery of
2. Achievement motivation is often correlated with actual
3. Parenting practices affect achievement motivation.
4. Achievement motivation is a relatively stable
characteristic of personality.
5. Individu ...
Influences on health behaviour
... ◦ Another commonly investigated aspect of personality is an
individual’s locus of control.
◦ In general people are considered to have either an internal or
◦ Internal locus of control – personal responsibility for actions and
◦ External locus of control – responsibilit ...
Locus of control
... can happen as a result of having an
extreme external locus of control.
1. Learned helplessness: repeatedly
faced with traumatic events over which a
person has no control, he/she come to feel
helpless, hopeless, and depressed.
Locus of control
In personality psychology, locus of control refers to the extent to which individuals believe they can control events affecting them. Understanding of the concept was developed by Julian B. Rotter in 1954, and has since become an aspect of personality studies. A person's ""locus"" (Latin for ""place"" or ""location"") is conceptualized as either internal (the person believes they can control their life) or external (meaning they believe their decisions and life are controlled by environmental factors which they cannot influence, or by chance or fate).Individuals with a strong internal locus of control believe events in their life derive primarily from their own actions: for example, when receiving exam results, people with an internal locus of control tend to praise or blame themselves and their abilities. People with a strong external locus of control tend to praise or blame external factors such as the teacher or the exam.Locus of control generated much research in a variety of areas in psychology. The construct is applicable to such fields as educational psychology, health psychology and clinical psychology. Debate continues whether specific or more global measures of locus of control will prove to be more useful in practical application. Careful distinctions should also be made between locus of control (a concept linked with expectancies about the future) and attributional style (a concept linked with explanations for past outcomes), or between locus of control and concepts such as self-efficacy.Locus of control is one of the four dimensions of core self-evaluations – one's fundamental appraisal of oneself – along with neuroticism, self-efficacy, and self-esteem. The concept of core self-evaluations was first examined by Judge, Locke, and Durham (1997), and since has proven to have the ability to predict several work outcomes, specifically, job satisfaction and job performance. In a follow-up study, Judge et al. (2002) argued the concepts of locus of control, neuroticism, self-efficacy and self-esteem measured the same, single factor.