... damaged cells begin to accumulate.
• The wear and tear theory of physical aging states
that as time goes by, repeated use and abuse of
the body’s tissues cause it to be unable to repair all
• The free radial theory states that oxygen molecules
with an unstable electron move around the ce ...
The Later Years
... • Some are greatly bothered by this loss; others rank it as low
• Factors such as income, health, social networks, and identity
affect a person’s adjustment to retirement.
• Loss of independence can have negative consequences.
... 1. To see how childhood experiences effect adulthood
2. To discover causes of developmental problems
3. To explore how heredity and environment influence
• Nature: some development is triggered by genetics
• Nurture: family can have a positive and a negative
influence on development
4. T ...
... Imprinting is the term used in psychology and
ethology to describe any kind of phase-sensitive
learning (learning occurring at a particular age
or a particular life stage) that is rapid and
apparently independent of the consequences of
behavior. It was first used to describe situations
in which an a ...
... conflict or may being suddenly because
of a stressful experience.
People are more at risk for a conversion
disorder if they have any other illness
disassociate disorder or a personality
... friends’ physical development and experiences, she may begin associating with older adolescents or
may suffer teasing or sexual harassment (Ge & Natsuaki, 2009). Sync is an abbreviation of the word
synchronize, which means to occur at the same time. So, if a girl’s biological development (her body
Chapter one - Forensic Consultation
... • Tabula rasa: believed that the child’s mind is a
blank slate, experience is imprinted
• Children born with different temperaments and
propensities; but the child could be infinitely
improved and perfected through experience,
humane treatment, and education
• Adults mold children’s moral character ...
PLAY LEADERSHIP IN AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN
... Vygotsky and Social Construction
• Vygotsky differed with Piaget in the following areas:
– According to Vygotsky, rules are important to play (the absence of rules
is impossible). Piaget maintained that rules emerged after preschool.
– According to Vygotsky, make-believe play is a social activity—a ...
General Psychology Notes - Theories of Personality
... C. Alfred Alder - Individual Psychology
1) people strive for superiority (individual perfection) to overcome childhood inferiority
* natural limitations
* parental control
* growth and change over entire life span
* develop personal gifts and strengths
* accept natural limitations an ...
Chapter 1 online
... Observational learning occurs through modeling
the same behavior of another person
Observational learning can lie latent until the
... Discuss cultural and ethical considerations in
Evaluate psychological research (through theories
and studies) relevant to the study of abnormal
The Psychology of Human Development
... the fabrication or falsification of data, plagiarism,
misrepresentation, or other practices that seriously deviate from
those that are commonly accepted within the scientific
community for proposing, conducting, analyzing, or reporting
research. It does not include unintentional errors or honest
Chapter One Handout: Introduction/Methods
... a. most adults have hidden consummatory urges stemming from their childhoods.
b. people are conditioned to act impulsively (and, perhaps, spend money) around children.
c. they are afraid of making their sales pitches too intellectually complex for the average consumer.
d. people in most cultures are ...
AMPED: A Cluster, Randomised, Controlled Trial of a School
... Australian Catholic University, is leading a team of
researchers who will investigate the engagement of
students in physical activity at school. This research
is being supported by an Australian Research Council
Discovery Project grant.
‘There is ample evidence that participating in physical
Unit 2: Chapter 4, Section 2
... Stage 3: want social approval, worry about what
Stage 4: law and order, moral issues
Stage 5: law is fair or just, it is good for society
as a whole
Stage 6: ethical principles that apply to
everyone, such as the golden rule
abstract of the dissertation - School of Social Ecology
... Interpersonal relationships have substantial benefits for psychological adaptation.
In contrast, they also may be sources of negative interpersonal exchanges that lead to
significant psychological distress. Although less common than positive exchanges, the
harmful effects of negative social exchange ...
Psychopharmacology and Other Biologic Treatments
... Applicability of Developmental
Theories to PMHN
Research on models is ongoing.
Evidence suggests that girls do not follow
a staged developmental path.
There are gender and cultural differences
... Are teenagers going deaf? In a study of 3000 randomly selected teenagers in 1988–1994, 15% showed some hearing
loss. In a similar study of 1800 teenagers in 2005–2006, 19.5% showed some hearing loss.
(a) Do these data give convincing evidence that the proportion of all teens with hearing loss has in ...
Running head: PSYCHOSOCIAL PERSPECTIVE Mental Illness and
... The assessment determines a client deficits and strengths; in addition to this,
characteristics of mental illness, living skills assessment and social support needs are
identified; this can be either family relationships or any resources within the community
(Sundeen, 2005). During the initial asses ...
Page 1 PROFESSOR LIVINGS INTRO SOC STUDY QUESTIONS
... In an experiment Harry Harlow and associates put one group of newborn monkeys in a cage
containing two surrogate mothers fashioned from wire; one surrogate was covered with terry
cloth, and the bare-wire mother was fitted with a bottle for feeding. Another group of newborn
monkeys was put in exactly ...
Adult development encompasses the changes that occur in biological, psychological, and interpersonal domains of human life from the end of adolescence until the end of one's life. These changes may be gradual or rapid, and can reflect positive, negative, or no change from previous levels of functioning. Changes occur at the cellular level and are partially explained by biological theories of adult development and aging. Biological changes influence psychological and interpersonal/social developmental changes, which are often described by stage theories of human development. Stage theories typically focus on “age-appropriate” developmental tasks to be achieved at each stage. Erik Erikson and Carl Jung proposed stage theories of human development that encompass the entire life span, and emphasized the potential for positive change very late in life. The concept of adulthood has legal and socio-cultural definitions. The legal definition of an adult is a person who has reached the age at which they are considered responsible for their own actions, and therefore legally accountable for them. This is referred to as the age of majority, which is age 18 in most cultures, although there is variation from 16 to 21. The socio-cultural definition of being an adult is based on what a culture normatively views as being the required criteria for adulthood, which in turn influences the definitions of adulthood of individuals within that culture. This may or may not coincide with the legal definition. Current views on adult development in late life focus on the concept of successful aging, defined as “...low probability of disease and disease-related disability, high cognitive and physical functional capacity, and active engagement with life.”Biomedical theories hold that one can age successfully by caring for physical health and minimizing loss in function, whereas psychosocial theories posit that capitalizing upon social and cognitive resources, such as a positive attitude or social support from neighbors and friends, is key to aging successfully. Jeanne Louise Calment exemplifies successful aging as the longest living person, dying at 122 years old. Her long life can be attributed to her genetics (both parents lived into their 80s) and her active lifestyle and optimistic attitude. She enjoyed many hobbies and physical activities and believed that laughter contributed to her longevity. She poured olive oil on all of her food and skin, which she believed also contributed to her long life and youthful appearance.