... Bible is the ultimate foundation of all Christians’ faith and
practice. Often referred to as the doctrine of Sola Scriptura,
this doctrine contends that “the Bible was central to the life
and thought of the church, as it was to the personal devotion
of the individual Christian.”
• Second, desiring t ...
... Temperance movement as well as several other actions involving education.
The temperance movement was dedicated to promoting moderation and, more often,
complete abstinence in the use of intoxicating liquor. Although an abstinence pledge had
been introduced by churches as early as 1800, the earliest ...
... • John Calvin (1509 – 1564) formed the second wave of the Reformation
in Geneva, Switzerland,
• Lutheranism and Calvinism both believed in people’s sinfulness, salvation
by faith alone, that all people were equal in God’s eyes and that people
should follow existing political authority.
• Calvin be ...
... hand, insisted that it was precisely this policy of control that had already led to
corruption of the true faith. They demanded that believers be allowed to read the
Scriptures for themselves (it was previously available only in Latin) and act in
accordance with their conscience. This issue of relig ...
... • This was the official Church response
to the divisive Christian reform
movement that included the founding
of the Jesuits, the reform of the
papacy, the decrees of the Council of
Trent,… and the establishment of
courts of the Inquisition.
... The more fanatical Nazis among the Protestants organised, in 1932, The German Christians'
Faith Movement, whose most active leader was Ludwig Mueller. This group supported the Nazi
doctrines of race and the leadership principle and wanted a Reich Church which would bring
together all Protestants.
Although the Reformation was a religious movement, it also had a strong impact on all other aspects of life: marriage and family, education, the humanities and sciences, the political and social order, the economy, and the arts.