East Kolkata Wetlands
The East Calcutta Wetlands, also known as the East Kolkata Wetlands (22 0 27’ N 88 0 27’ E), are a complex of natural and human-made wetlands lying east of the city of Calcutta (Kolkata), West Bengal in India. The wetlands cover 125 square kilometers, and include salt marshes and salt meadows, as well as sewage farms and settling ponds. The wetlands are used to treat Kolkata's sewage, and the nutrients contained in the waste water sustain fish farms and agriculture.The name East Calcutta Wetlands was coined by Dr. Dhrubajyoti Ghosh, who reached this incredible but neglected part of the city searching the answer to a question: What exactly happens to the city sewage? These natural water bodies which were known just as fisheries provided the answer. Devised by local fishermen and farmers, these wetlands served, in effect, as the natural sewage treatment plant for the city. The East Kolkata Wetlands host the largest sewage fed aquaculture in the world.. After the decision to extend Sal Lake City by converting more welands in the area, a Public Intersest Litigation (PIL) by CSO s . saved the Wetlands by a landmark judgement of Justice U.C.Banerjee, of High Court of Calcutta.The East Calcutta Wetlands were designated a ""wetland of international importance"" under the Ramsar Convention on August 19, 2002.