Trudgill 1999 File
... Standard English is not a register
We use the term register in the sense of a variety of language determined by
topic, subject matter or activity, such as the register of mathematics, the
register of medicine, or the register of pigeon fancying. In English, this is
almost exclusively a matter of le ...
Realism and imagination in the teaching of English
... others), all of which are used by both native and non-native speakers. Or is it a variety
which embodies linguistic features which clearly mark it as having emerged from a
process of non-continuous transmission (Thomason and Kaufman 1988)? In that case I
would use the term ‘contact variety’ (followi ...
Peter Trudgill: Standard English: what it isn`t
... Standard English itself. This point becomes even clearer if we adopt an
international perspective: Standard English speakers can be found in all
native English-speaking countries, and it goes without saying that they
speak Standard English with different, non-RP accents depending on
whether they com ...
Varieties of English
... As Loreto Todd and Ian Hancock have stated “In the four centuries since the time of
Shakespeare, English has changed from a relatively unimportant European language with
perhaps four million speakers into an international language used in every continent by
approximately eight hundred million people ...
Teaching the Five Ws About Rules of English Pronunciation: A
... used in the United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland,
Scotland and Wales). Received Pronunciation (RP) is
defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as
“the standard accent of English as spoken in the south
of England”. American English (AmE) is the form of
English used in the United States. ...
South African English This paper will explain the main
... South African English is non-rhotic. The /r/ sound is pronounced in only two situations: in
syllable-initial position as in run and inter-vocalically as in barrel. In such accents it does
not occur post-vocalically as in beard, war, and worker. However, the /r/ in the final
position of a word will o ...
... England's settlement of the Caribbean colonies, which partially explains why West
Indian dialects share some similar phonology with Hiberno-English.
The standard spelling and grammar are the same as UK English, but there are
some unique characteristics, especially in the spoken language, due to the ...
In American English
... • don’t pronounce this
sound at all
• pronounce hath and path
with the sound [a:]
• pronounce tune as [tju:n]
• pronounce cot and
caught as [ko:t]
Presentation of research
... A note on difficulties in generalizing
• The book acknowledges the inherent dangers in making any
geographic or historical division of linguistic boundaries:
– The English of the Bahamas has more in common with North American
Englishes due to its place in history as a settler destina ...
Exploring the possibilities of standardization and
... Popular terms for this accent, such
as ‘The Queen’s English’, ‘Oxford
English’ or ‘Received Pronunciation’
are all a little misleading.
Instantly recognizable accent often
described as ‘typically British’.
It is an accent, not a dialect, since
all RP speakers speak Standard
... … you will use British In particular, you will use the variety that has come to be known as ‘BBC
English as a model
English’. BBC English is the pronunciation used by speakers such as newsreaders
and announcers on television and radio, including the World Service.
Some of these sp ...
... hurt, students acquire language. It is
therefore helpful for all students (English
language learners as well as native
speakers) to be exposed to foreignaccented speech as a part of their
Regional accents of English
The regional accents of English speakers show great variation across the areas where English is spoken as a first language. This article provides an overview of the many identificable variations in pronunciation, usually deriving from the phoneme inventory of the local dialect, of the local variety of Standard English between various populations of native English speakers.Local accents are part of local dialects. Any dialect of English has unique features in pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar. The term ""accent"" describes only the first of these, namely, pronunciation. See also: List of dialects of the English language.Non-native speakers of English tend to carry over the intonation and phonemic inventory from their mother tongue into their English speech. For more details see Non-native pronunciations of English.Among native English speakers, many different accents exist. Some regional accents, such as Pennsylvania Dutch English, are easily identified by certain characteristics. Further variations are to be found within the regions identified below; for example, towns located less than 10 miles (16 km) from the city of Manchester such as Bolton, Oldham and Salford, each have distinct accents, all of which form the Lancashire accent, yet in extreme cases are different enough to be noticed even by a non-local listener. There is also much room for misunderstanding between people from different regions, as the way one word is pronounced in one accent (for example, petal in American English) will sound like a different word in another accent (for example, pearl in Scottish English).For a summary of the differences between accents, see International Phonetic Alphabet chart for English dialects.