Guide to the week`s readings and seminar questions
... Weeks 2 and 3 will be from the same book, which is by Daniel Chernilo on natural law theory and
social theory. Natural law theory is the oldest form of jurisprudence. It is based on the idea that
society is part of the natural order, and its governance needs to be understood in those terms. This
... Ethical relativism holds that no universal
standards or rules can be used to guide or
evaluate the morality of an act, i.e., what is
right for you may be wrong for me.
... Human beings have universal rights
regardless of legal jurisdiction or
other factors such as ethnicity,
nationality, and sex
EHR 3106 Contemporary Ethical and Human Rights Issues
... EHR 3106 Contemporary Ethical and Human Rights Issues
The paper shall aim at equipping students with knowledge about the contemporary ethical and
human rights issues. The students will be equipped with skills to assess the contemporary ethical
and human rights issues that include; ...
Business Ethics in an International Context
... what is really right or wrong is what a culture
says is right or wrong.
The mere fact that a culture believes a practice is
correct does not make it correct.
It is inconsistent with the concept of a moral
reformer, someone who argues against the views of
the majority based on ethical ...
Rights-Based Moral Theory and Pornography
... rights form the basis of obligations
because they best express a key purpose of
morality: the securing of liberties or other
benefits from rights holders.
• The PRC for RBT insists that, “An action is
right iff (and because) in performing it
either (a) one does not violate the
fundamental moral righ ...
Project Team Development
... correspondence to and sustain fundamental rights
• List of duties based on respect for persons and
belief in human capacity for moral autonomy
• For example, if you have a right not to be
deceived, then I have a duty not to deceive you. To
deceive you is to undermine your ability to carry
out your p ...
Name: Date: Universal Human Rights (“Ethical Absolutism
... established the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). These rights are called ‘universal’ because
supporters argue they belong equally to every person on the Earth regardless of gender, age, social status or where
a person lives. These rights are considered morally correct by supporters, and ...
... form the basis of obligations because they
best express a key purpose of morality: the
securing of liberties or other benefits from
The PRC for RBT insists that, “An action is
right iff (and because) in performing it either
(a) one does not violate the fundamental moral
rights of oth ...
Rights and respect for persons
... and never merely as means.
– This means that we should
recognize that each person has the
same basic moral worth as we do.
Corporations and Human Rights—Lecture Outline UN effort to
... Social Triage (Sjoberg 1999), general definition of concept, and then look at examples such as
very high-cost banking services for the poor (pay day loan operations, etc.), environmental
hazards such as waste disposal sites located near poor neighborhoods, etc.
... sum of these components with same weights.
The economic dimensions reflects the continuous growth of the relationship between the needs
of people on the one hand and opportunities of production, distribution of goods and services
through international trade, foreign investment income, development pr ...
Spc Issue 3 - Carlucci American International School of Lisbon
... 10. Proposes to all member states and non-governmental organizations the
provision of economic aid for the United Nations Voluntary Fund for
Indigenous People, thus contributing in the aid of these peoples by supporting
11. Further suggests the implementation of UN Environment ...
Human Rights #6
... December 10, 1948 with a count of 48 votes to none with only 8 abstentions
The declaration is ‘soft law’ – meaning it does not necessarily create legal
obligations upon nation-states but does create pressure to act in accordance with
... Gilligan included in her book two interviews that were part of Lawrence Kohlberg's
1973 study of individual views on the rights and responsibilities of human beings.
Both of the respondents had been 25 years old when they were interviewed.
The first voice, a male person:
[What does the word morality ...
... Supporters of this type of legislation have argued that
the type of harms referred to by Dworkin and critically
evaluated for us by Strossen do not exhaust the harms
offered to women by pornography.
A harm that is missed by this analysis is the harm done
to women’s positive right to participate on e ...
Relying on local culture to further human rights: the receptor approach
... strategy does not fit well into the local culture: abstinence does not lead to the necessary
offspring; having extramarital affairs is quite common among men in Malawi; and married
couples regard using condoms often as a vote of no confidence. By pushing such a strategy
these actors ignore and deny ...
Ethics and Ethical Theories
... as ends in themselves and not means to
• Rules that can be universally binding for
• One person or group should not be
privileged over all others.
Declaration Of Independence
... All men are created
All citizens have certain
rights such as, life,
liberty, and the pursuit
Republic: people form
the government to
protect their rights
Natural and legal rights
Natural and legal rights are two types of rights. Legal rights are those bestowed onto a person by a given legal system. (i.e., rights that can be modified, repealed, and restrained by human laws) Natural rights are those not contingent upon the laws, customs, or beliefs of any particular culture or government, and therefore universal and inalienable (i.e., rights that cannot be repealed or restrained by human laws).The concept of natural law is closely related to the concept of natural rights. During the Age of Enlightenment, the concept of natural laws was used to challenge the divine right of kings, and became an alternative justification for the establishment of a social contract, positive law, and government — and thus legal rights — in the form of classical republicanism. Conversely, the concept of natural rights is used by others to challenge the legitimacy of all such establishments.The idea of human rights is also closely related to that of natural rights: some acknowledge no difference between the two, regarding them as synonymous, while others choose to keep the terms separate to eliminate association with some features traditionally associated with natural rights. Natural rights, in particular, are considered beyond the authority of any government or international body to dismiss. The 1948 United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights is an important legal instrument enshrining one conception of natural rights into international soft law. Natural rights were traditionally viewed as exclusively negative rights, whereas human rights also comprise positive rights. Even on a natural rights conception of human rights, the two terms may not be synonymous.The proposition that animals have natural rights is one that gained the interest of philosophers and legal scholars in the 20th century and into the 21st.The legal philosophy known as Declarationism seeks to incorporate the natural rights philosophy of the United States Declaration of Independence into the body of American case law on a level with the United States Constitution, since the unanimously agreed upon Doctrines of the Declaration of Independence is the foundational authority upon which the People and the Continental Congress of the 13 British Colonies of America based their power to legitimately separate from England and establish its own government (i.e. the Constitution of the United States). Declarationism philosophy, therefore, insists that if the United States rejects the natural rights philosophy of the Declaration of Independence upon which it was founded, it of necessity becomes, retro-actively, an illegitimate government in treasonous rebellion against its rightful government of Crown and Parliament in London; and therefore, the Declaration and Constitution must be held as legally inseparable throughout the entire United States of America (both Federal and State) and its territories.