Chapter 6: Data Transmission
... than digital (designed to carry voice signals)
Low-cost, ubiquitous transmission medium
If we can convert digital information (1s and 0s)
to analog form (audible tone), it can be
... An analog signal is any variable signal continuous in both time
It differs from a digital signal in that small fluctuations in the
signal are meaningful. Analog is usually thought of in an
electrical context, however mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic,
and other systems may also convey ...
Digital Media Foundations
... File formats: jpeg, gif, tiff, png, tga, psd, mp3, wma, mov etc.
memory refers to the amount of data that can be stored. primary and
secondary storage requirements include RAM and the ability to use hard disk
space or other devices.
Data Representation - Washtenaw Community College
... • A compact disk (CD) stores audio
• On the surface of the CD are microscopic
pits that represent binary digits.
• A low intensity laser is pointed as the disc.
• The laser light reflects strongly if the
surface is smooth and reflects poorly if the
surface is pitted.
Signals and messages Chapter 2 2.1 Sending information
... J. C. G. Lesurf – Information and Measurement
where M = 2n is the number of symbols available to convey the message.
In practice, the amount of information we can communicate in a given
time will be limited by the properties of the channel (the wires, amplifiers,
optical fibres, etc) we use. We the ...
Advantages of Digital Video Format over Analog Video Format
... This signal is free of problems encountered by an analog signal when it is
transmitted over distances or copied. As a result, it is possible to dub multiple
generations, or additional copies from other copies of the original source
information without signal loss. Reproduction of digital video is le ...
... I. Background of Digital Forensic
Definition of Digital Forensic
Digital forensic involves the collection and analysis of digital evidence. Any
information stored on a digital media can be a piece of digital evidence to be analysed
during a digital forensic process.
The purpose of digital forensic i ...
Comparison of analog and digital recording
This article compares the two ways in which sound is recorded and stored. Actual sound waves consist of continuous variations in air pressure. Representations of these signals can be recorded using either digital or analog techniques.An analog recording is one where a property or characteristic of a physical recording medium is made to vary in a manner analogous to the variations in air pressure of the original sound. Generally, the air pressure variations are first converted (by a transducer such as a microphone) into an electrical analog signal in which either the instantaneous voltage or current is directly proportional to the instantaneous air pressure (or is a function of the pressure). The variations of the electrical signal in turn are converted to variations in the recording medium by a recording machine such as a tape recorder or record cutter—the variable property of the medium is modulated by the signal. Examples of properties that are modified are the magnetization of magnetic tape or the deviation (or displacement) of the groove of a gramophone disc from a smooth, flat spiral track.A digital recording is produced by converting the physical properties of the original sound into a sequence of numbers, which can then be stored and read back for reproduction. Normally, the sound is transduced (as by a microphone) to an analog signal in the same way as for analog recording, and then the analog signal is digitized, or converted to a digital signal, through an analog-to-digital converter and then recorded onto a digital storage medium such as a compact disc or hard disk.Two prominent differences in functionality are the bandwidth and the signal-to-noise ratio (S/N); however, both digital and analog systems have inherent strengths and weaknesses. The bandwidth of the digital system is determined, according to the Nyquist frequency, by the sample rate used. The bandwidth of an analog system is dependent on the physical capabilities of the analog circuits. The S/N of a digital system is first limited by the bit depth of the digitization process, but the electronic implementation of the digital audio circuit introduces additional noise. In an analog system, other natural analog noise sources exist, such as flicker noise and imperfections in the recording medium. Some functions of the two systems are also naturally exclusive to either one or the other, such as the ability for more transparent filtering algorithms in digital systems and the harmonic saturation of analog systems.