2. The ethnography of speaking and the structure of conversation
... The study of language must deal with the ‘real’ texts that form human communication and the social
situations they are used in.
The speech event is constituted by seven distinct factors, each associated with a different function:
- speaker / writer,
- hearer / reader,
- message form (passed between ...
... speaking, language socialization, pragmatics, discourse analysis, and more
recently, gender and language. The origin of the term performative can be
traced back to Austin's posthumous How To Do Things with Words. Austin,
objecting to the logical positivists' focus on the verifiability of statements, ...
... of your own society
Misinterpret other cultures because you
use the concepts of your own culture
Intro to Rhetorical Criticism
... Artistry – Evaluating the quality of the
Ethics – What are the long-term implications
for the social welfare of society?
Desired articles in the philosophy of language If you are interested
... cognitive linguistics
discourse representation theory
generative grammar, transformational grammar
imperatives, interrogatives, non-declaratives
indeterminacy of translation / r ...
If we all do one random act of kindness daily, we just
... If we all do one random act of kindness daily, we just might set the world
in the right direction. --Martin Kornfeld
Science Says: Kindness is Contagious!
In findings sure to gladden the heart of anyone who's ever wondered
whether tiny acts of kindness have larger consequences, researchers
have show ...
... Speech Act Strategy and Implementation of Principles of Humorist on Social Media as Media
to Maintain Diversity of Multicultural Society in NKRI
Foresight - Unique Media TV
... statistical properties of the speech input and how do these relate to
current statistical techniques used in automatic speech recognition?
• There must have been some co-evolution of the production and
• Are current techniques more sophisticated (HMMs) in statistical
processes th ...
The Normative Structures of Human Civilization. Readings in John
... What does it mean that facts endowed with deontic institutional power by declarations of validity contradict one another within the same society? What are the
institutional solutions to these contradictory declarations? For example: take the
declaration of repudiation, a classical example of a speec ...
Dias nummer 1
... If a and b are ”close” they modify each
others activity pattern
Given the activity of a at t0 one cannot
predict its activity at t0 + t
At the global level there is synchronized
... What is communicative competence? What are some reasons why it might be hard to
acquire relative to syntactic or phonological competence?
Explain two different theories about the factors involved in communicative competence
(speech act theory and cognitive developmental theory).
Contrast direct and ...
Ottenheimer 6 - Cynthia Clarke
... Communicative competence and symbolic capital do not operate in a social vacuum.
Both are linked to the fact that language in used in specific groups and situations by specific groups of people.
To describe these kinds of groups and situations linguists use the terms linguistic community and speech ...
ETHNOGRAPHY OF COMMUNICATION
... The ethnography of communication examines speech events
within the social context in which they occur, and in particular,
examines patterns of language use in specific groups,
communities, institutions, and societies.
The aim of the ethnography of communication is to explore the
means of speakin ...
... individual’s world/cultural views largely determines what she believes….individualist, hierarchist, solidarist/communitarian,
CONTEXT AND COGNITION: KNOWLEDGE FRAMES AND
... Finally, frames seem to have a more or less conventional nature, and thus should
specify what in a certain culture is characteristic or typical . This criterion seems
to single out especially certain episodes of social interaction, such as going to the
movies, travelling by train, or eating in a res ...
Advertising in Poland: Indexing the Post
... onerous task of transforming economic discourse. This perspective of communication does
allow for change (since language is not fixed and is continually undergoing redefinition it must
be capable of being altered) but only when those involved are aware that there is a base of
understanding that they ...
Treatment Efficacy Summary: Stuttering
... to person and from situation to situation. Approximately 2% of adults
stutter and 5% of children exhibit
stuttering. People who stutter are
often subjected to discrimination
due to public misconceptions about
the disorder. Employers believe that
stuttering decreases employability
and interferes with ...
Michael Lambek, Immanence of Ethics
... failings or project them in unfortunate ways on others. We need to take into
account excuses, recriminations, and all the various ways people are able to
‘refuse’ the ethical or exclude certain categories of people or acts from its
province. Didier Fassin’s recent essay on ressentiment (2013) is a b ...
Infant Lab Newsletter 2010_2
... appropriate image than at the other
image. That is, if they’re told to
“Look at the kitty!”, they should look
longer at a picture of a cat than at a
picture of a dog.
Whenever the primary voice was
louder than the sum of all the other
voices, children did just that: they
looked longer at whatever im ...
... Would we consider these norms and values deviant?
Are these practices really examples of deviance?
Gender And Communication
... Approaches To Gender And Communication
A baby is a linguistic clean slate. Language is learned, not inherited, and a baby will learn the way people
raising him or her speak. Whether the child’s caregivers speak English, Swahili, Japanese, or American Sign
Language, her flexible mind will pick up th ...
... l. in production and reception. There are problems
with understanding sentences with 'selfembedding': The boy the man the woman loved saw
ran away.-rely on the meaning to help us with the
Communication theory: comm.system carries
information; it should have minimum redundancy
HCI Lecture 21 Communication and Collaboration models
... May interpret failure as rudeness of colleague
e.g., Personal space
video may destroy mutual impression of distance
happily the “glass wall” effect helps
Often the ‘glass wall’ afforded by the video screen makes
the precise distance less important, which could
have a positive effect during cross-c ...
... Alison: you go along this road until you get to the river
Brian: do you stop before the river or after you cross it?
Brian: draw the river in blue and the road in black
Alison: So, you turn right beside the river
Brian: past the pub
Alison: yeah … is there another black pen? This one ...
A speech act in linguistics and the philosophy of language is an utterance that has performative function in language and communication. According to Kent Bach, ""almost any speech act is really the performance of several acts at once, distinguished by different aspects of the speaker's intention: there is the act of saying something, what one does in saying it, such as requesting or promising, and how one is trying to affect one's audience.""The contemporary use of the term goes back to J. L. Austin's development of performative utterances and his theory of locutionary, illocutionary, and perlocutionary acts. Speech acts are commonly taken to include such acts as promising, ordering, greeting, warning, inviting and congratulating.