Snoring and Atherosclerosis

... objectively) emerges as a strong risk factor for carotid atherosclerosis in this group. However, the strength of the odds ratio does not indicate the general population risk for developing carotid atherosclerosis in relation to heavy snoring. 2. In our study, the adjusted odds ratio for heavy vs mil ...

... objectively) emerges as a strong risk factor for carotid atherosclerosis in this group. However, the strength of the odds ratio does not indicate the general population risk for developing carotid atherosclerosis in relation to heavy snoring. 2. In our study, the adjusted odds ratio for heavy vs mil ...

Interventions for impetigo (Review)

... again. Bullous impetigo is always caused by S. aureus. Secondary impetigo may occur as a complication of many dermatological conditions, notably eczema. The eruption appears clinically similar to non-bullous impetigo. Usually S. aureus is involved. The underlying skin disease may improve with succes ...

... again. Bullous impetigo is always caused by S. aureus. Secondary impetigo may occur as a complication of many dermatological conditions, notably eczema. The eruption appears clinically similar to non-bullous impetigo. Usually S. aureus is involved. The underlying skin disease may improve with succes ...

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Use and Acute Myocardial

... Medicare and Pharmaceutical Assistance for the Aged and Disabled programs. The latter is a state-run drug assistance program for older adults with moderate incomes and provides prescription benefits with no or minimal copayment. We first identified all patients hospitalized with a main diagnosis of ...

... Medicare and Pharmaceutical Assistance for the Aged and Disabled programs. The latter is a state-run drug assistance program for older adults with moderate incomes and provides prescription benefits with no or minimal copayment. We first identified all patients hospitalized with a main diagnosis of ...

intravenous contrast Material–induced nephropathy

... demonstrated that acute kidney injury (AKI) is as common if not more common in patients not exposed to contrast material compared with contrast material–exposed patients (23). Although these controlled studies add value to prior uncontrolled case series regarding the true incidence of CIN, important ...

... demonstrated that acute kidney injury (AKI) is as common if not more common in patients not exposed to contrast material compared with contrast material–exposed patients (23). Although these controlled studies add value to prior uncontrolled case series regarding the true incidence of CIN, important ...

Asthma and comorbid medical illness M. Cazzola* , L. Calzetta* , G. Bettoncelli

... privacy rules and can be used for scientific studies without any further authorisation from an ethics committee. It is well known that before using any data resource, particularly one that is based on computer records, it is necessary to determine the quality and completeness of the available inform ...

... privacy rules and can be used for scientific studies without any further authorisation from an ethics committee. It is well known that before using any data resource, particularly one that is based on computer records, it is necessary to determine the quality and completeness of the available inform ...

Document

... • Takes approximately 1-6 hours to work • Often close to shock, unstable, require close attention • Can be used for expanding hematomas • Can be used preoperatively, prophylactically for patients with accreta • Analgesics, anti-nausea medications, antibiotics ...

... • Takes approximately 1-6 hours to work • Often close to shock, unstable, require close attention • Can be used for expanding hematomas • Can be used preoperatively, prophylactically for patients with accreta • Analgesics, anti-nausea medications, antibiotics ...

Basic Epidemiology for Tuberculosis Program Staff

... prevention and control activities. An understanding of epidemiology is useful for all TB program staff, ranging from disease investigators and health care workers to TB program managers. The epidemiologic concepts presented in this guide will assist in analyzing and making practical use of data, ass ...

... prevention and control activities. An understanding of epidemiology is useful for all TB program staff, ranging from disease investigators and health care workers to TB program managers. The epidemiologic concepts presented in this guide will assist in analyzing and making practical use of data, ass ...

Using Decision Support Resources

... physician relied on a white coat stuffed with notes and manuals to use as point of care quick references. By the end of the 20th century, these had been largely replaced by PDAs: handheld devices loaded with much more information that could ever be stuffed into the pockets of a white coat. In the la ...

... physician relied on a white coat stuffed with notes and manuals to use as point of care quick references. By the end of the 20th century, these had been largely replaced by PDAs: handheld devices loaded with much more information that could ever be stuffed into the pockets of a white coat. In the la ...

Getting Started with PROC LOGISTIC

... Application of PROC LOGISTIC to the Hosmer and Lemeshow data set yielded a parameter estimated for the variable AGE as 0.0275; exponentiation of that estimate gives an odds ratio of 1.028. In this example, a one unit (that is, one year) increase in a patient’s age increases by 2.8 percent the chance ...

... Application of PROC LOGISTIC to the Hosmer and Lemeshow data set yielded a parameter estimated for the variable AGE as 0.0275; exponentiation of that estimate gives an odds ratio of 1.028. In this example, a one unit (that is, one year) increase in a patient’s age increases by 2.8 percent the chance ...

Getting Started with PROC LOGISTIC

... care unit (ICU), and the independent variable is age of patient in years. Application of PROC LOGISTIC to the Hosmer and Lemeshow data set yielded a parameter estimated for the variable AGE as 0.0275; exponentiation of that estimate gives an odds ratio of 1.028. In this example, a one unit (that is, ...

... care unit (ICU), and the independent variable is age of patient in years. Application of PROC LOGISTIC to the Hosmer and Lemeshow data set yielded a parameter estimated for the variable AGE as 0.0275; exponentiation of that estimate gives an odds ratio of 1.028. In this example, a one unit (that is, ...

Getting Started with PROC LOGISTIC

... true value of these quantities in the population from which the data under analysis are assumed to have been randomly sampled. Confidence intervals for the odds ratios can be obtained by: ...

... true value of these quantities in the population from which the data under analysis are assumed to have been randomly sampled. Confidence intervals for the odds ratios can be obtained by: ...

Getting Started With PROC LOGISTIC

... increasing or decreasing the probability that the dependent variable will achieve the value of one in the population from which the data are assumed to have been randomly sampled. The Odds Ratio Exponentiation of the parameter estimate(s) for the independent variable(s) in the model by the number e ...

... increasing or decreasing the probability that the dependent variable will achieve the value of one in the population from which the data are assumed to have been randomly sampled. The Odds Ratio Exponentiation of the parameter estimate(s) for the independent variable(s) in the model by the number e ...

Getting Started with PROC LOGISTIC

... increasing or decreasing the probability that the dependent variable will achieve the value of one in the population from which the data are assumed to have been randomly sampled. The Odds Ratio Exponentiation of the parameter estimate(s) for the independent variable(s) in the model by the number e ...

... increasing or decreasing the probability that the dependent variable will achieve the value of one in the population from which the data are assumed to have been randomly sampled. The Odds Ratio Exponentiation of the parameter estimate(s) for the independent variable(s) in the model by the number e ...

The following examination contains a

... randomization should equally assign persons with both known and unknown confounders between the two (or more) groups. Measures EFFICACY. Cohort study – Can measure exposure and outcome carefully. Good for studying long-term disease processes and to measure EFFECTIVENESS. Can demonstrate a temporal a ...

... randomization should equally assign persons with both known and unknown confounders between the two (or more) groups. Measures EFFICACY. Cohort study – Can measure exposure and outcome carefully. Good for studying long-term disease processes and to measure EFFECTIVENESS. Can demonstrate a temporal a ...

Dynamic Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction: Clinical and

... cohort). A blinded observer classified all patients as either high or low echocardiographic risk for developing LVOTO. Results: The retrospective cross sectional study (of validation cohort) could not validate the clinical score (developed from the development cohort) because it did not differentiat ...

... cohort). A blinded observer classified all patients as either high or low echocardiographic risk for developing LVOTO. Results: The retrospective cross sectional study (of validation cohort) could not validate the clinical score (developed from the development cohort) because it did not differentiat ...

Sampling and Measurement

... Ways to Check Reliability • Stability (test-retest reliability) – the same test is given to a sample of individuals on two occasions, then the scores are compared by computing a reliability coefficient. (A reliability coefficient is a correlation coefficient between the two scores) • Internal consi ...

... Ways to Check Reliability • Stability (test-retest reliability) – the same test is given to a sample of individuals on two occasions, then the scores are compared by computing a reliability coefficient. (A reliability coefficient is a correlation coefficient between the two scores) • Internal consi ...

3. Diagnosis and Harm/Etiology

... that are both applied to the same study population. One of the diagnostic tests applied to the study population is the reference standard, or “gold” standard; this tool acts as the standard of test sensitivity and specificity against which the other test is compared. Sensitivity and specificity are ...

... that are both applied to the same study population. One of the diagnostic tests applied to the study population is the reference standard, or “gold” standard; this tool acts as the standard of test sensitivity and specificity against which the other test is compared. Sensitivity and specificity are ...

Visio-Ketogenic Diet Initiation Care Guideline rev 1-20

... Urine ketones, specific gravity, and pH q void; if specific gravity > 1.030 consider IV fluid bolus (no dextrose) Ketogenic diet – PO (Modified diet) or Enteral(ketognic recipe) (see p. 2) Fluids – maintenance divided throughout the day (caffeine & calorie free). If NPO, provide maintenance IVF (no ...

... Urine ketones, specific gravity, and pH q void; if specific gravity > 1.030 consider IV fluid bolus (no dextrose) Ketogenic diet – PO (Modified diet) or Enteral(ketognic recipe) (see p. 2) Fluids – maintenance divided throughout the day (caffeine & calorie free). If NPO, provide maintenance IVF (no ...

Post-test probabilities - STT

... Selection bias - for example, we select sicker patients to receive active treatment and fitter patients to receive inactive treatment. Observer bias - for example, we know that a patient had active treatment so we subconsciously encourage her to rate her quality of life as higher than it really is. ...

... Selection bias - for example, we select sicker patients to receive active treatment and fitter patients to receive inactive treatment. Observer bias - for example, we know that a patient had active treatment so we subconsciously encourage her to rate her quality of life as higher than it really is. ...

Pro: Immunomodulators and Anti-TNFs Must Be Stopped When a

... •Infection by an organism which has limited pathogenic capacity in ordinary circumstances ...

... •Infection by an organism which has limited pathogenic capacity in ordinary circumstances ...

how to understand it - Practical Neurology

... of outcome can be meta-analysed: continuous outcomes such as time to a given event, and binary outcomes such as dead or alive. Many neurological trials use categorical outcomes such as improved/no change/worsened and these need to be converted to a binary outcome before they can be combined, e.g. im ...

... of outcome can be meta-analysed: continuous outcomes such as time to a given event, and binary outcomes such as dead or alive. Many neurological trials use categorical outcomes such as improved/no change/worsened and these need to be converted to a binary outcome before they can be combined, e.g. im ...

study?

... Thus, suppose a new therapy managed to reduce 5 year mortality of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease from 100% on standard therapy to 90% on the new treatment. This would be a major breakthrough and has a NNT of (1/(1-0.9))=10. In contrast, a drug that reduced mortality from 50% to 40% would also have a NNT ...

... Thus, suppose a new therapy managed to reduce 5 year mortality of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease from 100% on standard therapy to 90% on the new treatment. This would be a major breakthrough and has a NNT of (1/(1-0.9))=10. In contrast, a drug that reduced mortality from 50% to 40% would also have a NNT ...