making sense of east asian self-enhancement
... but because of the interdependent nature of their selves, the view of self that they are more
motivated to enhance is their group self. Muramoto reviews some compelling evidence that
she had earlier collected that Japanese make more favorable attributions for their groups than
they do for themselves ...
jccpcomm - University of British Columbia
... self-enhancement in an attribution paradigm. This is potentially interesting, as many other
studies have found a lack of a self-enhancing attribution bias among Japanese (see Kitayama,
Takagi, & Matsumoto, 1995, for a review). I think that Kudo and Numazaki’s argument that
anonymity leads to greater ...
... personal, social interactions with others
Spiritual Self – based on your thoughts
and introspections about your values,
moral standards, and beliefs.
The Self - Gordon State College
... You have a “sense of self”
The self is private
William James said that the self is based on
knowledge you have about your own experiences
Surgency – You may be high or low on a trait. But is
the trait important?
In our culture, we are taught to view ourselves as
unique and independent
Self-Enhancement - University of Southampton
... role.) Hence, care should be taken to not immediately identify
phenomena of interest with their putative causes. Second, and
conversely, self-enhancement can occur as a ongoing process or
underlying motive without necessarily manifesting itself as an
observed effect or personality trait. The motive ...
... “While we were getting to know each other, my friend and I learned
that we both liked (disliked) _____
Participants believed that sharing positive attitudes promote interpersonal closeness
People remembered sharing a greater percent of negative attitudes about other people
early in their friendships ...
accuracy - University of British Columbia
... There is some evidence consistent with the notion that Japanese self-assessments should
harmonize with how they are evaluated by others. For example, much psychological and
ethnographic research describes East Asians as possessing a heightened sensitivity to how an
audience is viewing them, and of m ...
The Self in a Social World
... • Fundamental Attribution Error: the tendency to assume that
others act on the basis of choice or will, even when there is
evidence suggestive of the importance of their situations.
• Actor-Observer Effect: The tendency to attribute our own
behavior to external, situational factors but to attribute ...
PSY325: Summer 2007
... this failure confirms our ideas and we internalize
e.g. “see I knew I couldn’t do this”
leading to lowered self esteem
e.g. a deeper belief in our own inability and lower value placed on our school self
SS Chapter 6
... – Ex: Women are overly emotional, Blacks are superstitious or
overly religious, Hispanics are dirty or loud. What are other?
The psychology of discrimination
... members of their ‘In-group’ to innate ability, and negative behaviours to the situation in
which they found themselves. This is reversed for ‘Out-group’ members, where positive
behaviour is attributed to external causes and negative behaviour blamed on the
This can exert powerful effects ...
MRCPsych Part 1:Intergroup Behaviour and Social Psychology
... discrepancy between the actual self and self image may be related to
certain affective disorders – derived from personal experiences and the
behaviour of others towards oneself. This becomes self-reinforcing, as
you behave in the way you view yourself.
Constructing Good Selves in Japan and North America
... individuals will engage in these two orientations to an equal extent. A prevention focus should become more
evident when an individual is confronted with a looming threat, whereas a promotion focus should be enhanced
when individuals have the opportunity to achieve a significant gain. Likewise, mana ...
The Self - WordPress.com
... would find them personally relevant; people also shape their own
personalities through products
Sex-role identity is reinforced by the products we buy & their advertising;
FAML 430 Week 11 - I
... differentiating by appearance and by perceived
status in relation to the rest of the group.
2. Perceived physical appearance is consistently the
domain most highly correlated with self-esteem from
early childhood through adulthood, with no gender
4. Mass media
1. Children tend to get th ...
Chapter 12 Development of the Self and Social Cognition
... • As children grow and acquire all of the
components of self awareness they begin to
make decisions as to whether or not they accept
their true selves. Often times when if an
adolescent/teen is not self confident they will
– False self-behavior- acting in ways that do not reflect
one’s tr ...
Module 47 Contemporary Research on Personality Module Preview
... Our attributional style, that is, our way of explaining
positive and negative events, can reveal how effective
or helpless we feel. Students who attribute their poor
performance to their lack of ability or to situations
beyond their control are more likely to continue to get
low grades than are stud ...
Self-Concept - School Psychologists Association of Southeast
... Age Differences in SelfConcept
• As children age, their exposure to new experiences,
environments, opportunities, and reactions from others
help them acquire and develop domain-specific selfconcept.
• Some researchers have found that global self-concept
declines with the advent of adolescence while ...
Self-esteem is a term used in psychology to reflect a person`s overall
... Self-esteem refers to how children feel about themselves and expect to be accepted and
valued by others who are important to them. Because it is important for them to feel
accepted, a healthy sense of self is crucial for determining how they will approach life
and interact with others. Self-esteem r ...
... Self-esteem refers to your general evaluation of your selfconcept along a good-bad or like-dislike dimension
Tendencies to Distort Self and Social Reality - Psychology-at-Work
... various groups. Group form of self-serving bias.
27. Ethnocentrism – belief that one’s own ethnic and cultural group is superior, and a corresponding disdain for all
other groups. Type of ingroup bias.
28. Outgroup homogeneity bias – perception of outgroup members as more similar to one another than ...
Self-enhancement is a type of motivation that works to make people feel good about themselves and to maintain self-esteem. This motive becomes especially prominent in situations of threat, failure or blows to one's self-esteem. Self-enhancement involves a preference for positive over negative self-views.It is one of the four self-evaluation motives:, along with self-assessment (the drive for an accurate self-concept), self-verification (the drive for a self-concept congruent with one's identity) and self-improvement (the act of bettering one's self-concept).Self-evaluation motives drive the process of self-regulation, that is, how people control and direct their own actions.There are a variety of strategies that people can use to enhance their sense of personal worth. For example, they can downplay skills that they lack or they can criticise others to seem better by comparison. These strategies are successful, in that people tend to think of themselves as having more positive qualities and fewer negative qualities than others. Although self-enhancement is seen in people with low self-esteem as well as with high self-esteem, these two groups tend to use different strategies. People who already have high esteem enhance their self-concept directly, by processing new information in a biased way. People with low self-esteem use more indirect strategies, for example by avoiding situations in which their negative qualities will be noticeable.There are controversies over whether or not self-enhancement is beneficial to the individual, and over whether self-enhancement is culturally universal or specific to Western individualism.