Implicit Self-Attitudes Predict Spontaneous Affect in Daily Life
... health. Given their importance, it is crucial to understand the
factors that account for why people differ in their emotional lives.
Why does one person feel anxious and threatened, whereas another
feels relaxed and happy? Because many of our mental processes
occur automatically (Bargh, 1994), often ...
POSITIVE DEVIANCE: A CLASSIFICATORY MODEL Druann Maria
... These behaviors and/or actions are similar
to the extent that they are all examples of
positive deviance. Consequently, people will
label (publicly evaluate) the behaviors and/or
actors in a superior manner. In essence, there
is a departure from that which is deemed to be
normative in a society. As ...
Interpersonal chemistry through negativity: Bonding by sharing
... Rosen, 1975), public expressions of dislike
for another person (or group of people) occur
relatively infrequently in most social environments. As a consequence, when they do occur,
expressions of dislike are liable to stand out by
contrast and attract more attention than comparable expressions of po ...
Secure and Defensive High Self
... explicit self-views that correspond more closely to their levels of
implicit SE than do individuals who report their self-views in the
absence of such constraints (Koole, Dijksterhuis, & van Knippenberg, 2001).
Thus, people may sometimes directly experience their levels of
implicit SE. When implicit ...
Breaking `bad habits`: a dynamical perspective on habit
... evolution’ to like fat food, and our need for subsistence is immediately satisfied when
eating such food. On the other hand, on a higher cognitive level we may be aware of the
negative health effects of persisting the habit of a fat diet.
The distinction between different needs is important, as the ...
My enemy`s enemy is my friend: Why holding
... have similar political party affiliation, but their specific attitudes towards particular
politicians might differ dramatically.
Folkes and Sears’ (1977) findings notwithstanding, a growing body of research
suggests that people may be inclined to attend more to negative, than posi ...
The Relationship Between Clothing Preference, Self
... perform the same action ourselves. With regards to how others might unconsciously
influence our clothing preference, one consumer research study by Johnston (2002) showed
evidence for imitation that has direct relevance for consumer behavior. In the experiments,
participants were asked to eat ice cr ...
Global Family Therapy - BEING WHILE BECOMING
... denies any other explanation for the origins of existence and afﬁrms a certainty in
an after-life. The afﬁrmation of this belief system may be actualized through
demeaning other religions and remaining close-minded to any epistemology
incongruent to Christian teachings. In order for the developing y ...
selfhood and identity (SELF-ID.DOC) (Word5)
... between ruler and minister, between father and son, between husband
and wife, between brothers, and between friends. Essentially, proper
conduct means knowing how to act in relation to others. I use the
term relationship dominance to capture the essence of social behavior
in Confucian societies, in ...
Do women feel worse to look their best?
... history, individuals who were most motivated to intensify mate-value-enhancement efforts when fertility was
high would have had the greatest likelihood of having
their efforts translate into successful mate acquisition and
reproductive success. The current research seeks to test
this hypothesis by i ...
Some effects of everyday moods and possible individual differences
... Since moods have been consistently found to influence judgements and
behaviour, yet the effects on retirval of individual pieces of material in
memory must be described as weak, it is reasonable to suggest that moods do
not simply or only cue individual, mood-congruent pieces of information in
Reexamining Mills on Motive: A Character - CiteSeerX
... in a routine, habitual fashion as an accompaniment to conduct, an impression confirmed
by the examples given above. Yet Mills also argues that people usually need to employ
motive vocabularies only when their conduct is questioned, statements of motive performing a crucial function only when there a ...
Exploration of the Relationship between Self
... because even perceptions of commitment levels have a tremendous impact on everyday
behavior in relationships (Rusbult, Drigotas, & Verette, 1994; Wieselquist et al., 1999),
investigation of these levels may help illuminate why individuals vary in their use of
verbal aggressiveness or argumentativene ...
Bulletin Personality and Social Psychology
... value. Such comparisons often enhance favorable differences between the ingroup and the outgroup (Bar-Tal,
2004; Brewer & Brown, 1998). For example, people tend
to attribute the negative actions of outgroups to dispositional causes, whereas they tend to attribute the same
actions by the ingroup to s ...
self-confidence and personal motivation
... (dispositional) characteristics. In economics parlance, the individual filters out noise in order to extract information
from past events. In the social comparison process (Festinger ), individuals assess their ability by comparing
their performance with that of people facing similar condition ...
rajiv gandhi university of health sciences, bangalore, karnataka
... high self-esteem, however some evidence suggests that the over emphasis on the self esteem mantra
can lead to rapid falls when the self becomes invalidated in the domains that one considers
Self esteem is the experience of one’s personal self worth. It is a mental indicator, as body
Unpacking the role of self-esteem in career uncertainty: a self
... we hypothesized that self-concordance in choosing a major would be positively related to
Finally, we proposed that self-concordance in choosing a major and course
involvement would be related to lower career uncertainty because students who could
choose their major according to t ...
PDF - fathalimoghaddam.com
... reference to which one's moral and personal attributes as a speaker are
compendiously collected by oneself so that one's speech-acts can be made
intelligible and relatively determinate to oneself. The term 'internal discourse'
will be taken here to cover the multiplicity of speech phenomena not aime ...
Optimism, Effects on Relationships
... going to happen”) can give rise to more specific optimistic beliefs, such as perceived
support (“my partner will still love me after this argument”), which act as more specific
expectancies to support flexible and constructive pursuit of relational goals. As a
practical matter, however, an emphasis ...
- Sydney Symposium of Social Psychology
... (see Figure 1)1. A series of studies (Tropp & Wright, in press), using responses from samples of women
and ethnic minority groups, establish the construct validity, the concurrent and discriminant validity, and
the test-retest reliability of the IIS. Most importantly, though, the results suggest tha ...
rsb - University of British Columbia
... Australian workers rate their job performance as below average (Headey & Wearing, 1987); and
Americans think others are three times more likely than they are to lie (Rosenblatt, 1993). Indeed, it is
difficult to locate a domain of self-evaluation in which Westerners do not view themselves in
Mechanisms of self-protection
... Shallow processing involves separation or disconnection of feedback from stored selfknowledge (Pinter, Green, & Sedikides, 2009). This type of processing will result in
reduced elaboration, fewer retrieval routes, and ultimately poorer recall. The same
will generally be true (although the pattern wi ...
To be or not to be, that is the question
... that people prefer to think of themselves in ways that are complex and multifaceted,
rather than simplistic. In short, decontextualized yes/no self-judgments are unnecessarily
constraining, as they do not permit individuals to indicate that whether they enact specific
personality characteristics of ...
Can Self Esteem Programs Reduce Problems and Improve School
... In a long term study conducted in New Zealand, Trzesniewski reported that high self-esteem
promotes goals, expectancies, coping mechanisms, and behaviors that facilitate productive
achievement and work experiences and impede mental and physical health problems, substance
abuse, school dropouts, and ...
UNDERSTANDING ADJUSTMENT TO DISFIGUREMENT: THE
... self-aspects are seen as inadequate, this will have a greater impact on overall level of
esteem than if less important aspects are valued (see Harter, 1988; Marsh, 1995;
Pelham, 1995). Within the current study, it is hypothesised that having important/
central self-aspects that contain more appearan ...
Self-enhancement is a type of motivation that works to make people feel good about themselves and to maintain self-esteem. This motive becomes especially prominent in situations of threat, failure or blows to one's self-esteem. Self-enhancement involves a preference for positive over negative self-views.It is one of the four self-evaluation motives:, along with self-assessment (the drive for an accurate self-concept), self-verification (the drive for a self-concept congruent with one's identity) and self-improvement (the act of bettering one's self-concept).Self-evaluation motives drive the process of self-regulation, that is, how people control and direct their own actions.There are a variety of strategies that people can use to enhance their sense of personal worth. For example, they can downplay skills that they lack or they can criticise others to seem better by comparison. These strategies are successful, in that people tend to think of themselves as having more positive qualities and fewer negative qualities than others. Although self-enhancement is seen in people with low self-esteem as well as with high self-esteem, these two groups tend to use different strategies. People who already have high esteem enhance their self-concept directly, by processing new information in a biased way. People with low self-esteem use more indirect strategies, for example by avoiding situations in which their negative qualities will be noticeable.There are controversies over whether or not self-enhancement is beneficial to the individual, and over whether self-enhancement is culturally universal or specific to Western individualism.