Innovation Without the Word
... The first section of this paper places the study of innovation in perspective, examining
innovation as a factor in social change. The rest of the paper documents Ogburn’s
discussion and treatment of the above three dimensions of innovation: its origins,
diffusion and effects. Some of Ogburn’s ideas ...
... This dissertation is dedicated to my father, Dr David Moyer, who passed away during
its completion. Many of the ideas that follow are inspired by his example. He was
an anthropologist by profession, but a polymath by disposition, he explored human
knowledge in the broadest possible terms – from the ...
The social shaping of technology – a case study of biochar in Denmark
... and chosen another path for the post-war reconstruction, these new green technologies would not still be
in their infancy today.
Thus, in this perspective, the lack of knowledge, economic incentives and action lead to a temporary halt of
approximately 70 years in the development of these technologie ...
Electronic Fortune-Tellers - DUO
... transgressions from occurring. As the technology is diffused throughout law enforcement
agencies, it may change the ways that officers work on the streets, eventually transforming
traditional policing. Alternately, predictive policing could become just another tool in the
police arsenal, comparable ...
Narrative Technologies: A Philosophical Investigation of the
... rather than how societies and objects are co-shaped’’ (Kaplan 2009: 236). For this
reason, it failed to account for ways in which ‘‘being-with-each-other’’ relations are
instantiated, of how intersubjective relations are mediated by technologies (Van Den
Eede 2010: 140). We aim at overcoming the neg ...
... relationship between an
issue in United States
social history and the
related aspects of
political, economic and
16.E.4a – Describe the
causes and effects of
movements in the United
16.E.4b – Describe
different and sometimes ...
Technology Diffusion: Measurement, Causes and Consequences
... do not reflect how many units of a given technology a worker uses. Indeed, technological
change is sometimes directed to increasing the number of technological goods that a worker
can use at the same time. These concerns may be significant from a quantitative perspective.
Clark (1987) shows that, ci ...
A novel approch to national technological accumulation and
... innovations; the institutionalised search for more important innovations with the development of
R&D facilities; the conducting of basic research”.
Within this definition, technological capabilities include not only the ability to search and
select the most appropriate technology to be assimilated f ...
The Study of City Technology Innovation Environment Construction
... education and the relationship among them. When facing such an all-round system, it is hard for the
city innovation subjects to accord with it, so the government should take more actions in the
construction of city technology innovation environment to guarantee full diffluence of innovation
Analysis of Influence Factors on Scientific and Technological
... become the key power which decide the comprehensive national strength and the prospects for development,
on the one hand the development of scientific and technological SMEs in China has contributed to the
growth of GDP, on the other hand the scientific and technological SMEs provide the technical s ...
Sociology of the Future
... Historically, the social sciences shy away from studying lack of knowledge by giving primacy to evidence-based science, which is tied up to
the imperative for proof. The future – whether composed of certainties
or uncertainties or the inevitable combination of the two – lies outside
the realm of pro ...
transforming the narrative of the History of chinese
... along with related technological elements, had some defects, such as insufficient
hardness, low paper quality, the absence of a press, and the unsuitability of
Chinese ink. Because there were no other suitable technological elements to
match Pi’s movable types, it is difficult to regard the inventio ...
Niches in evolutionary theories of technical change
... Some biologists have explicitly theorized the idea that some variations may be rather
large, even while most variations are small. In their view, evolution is not only made
up of small changes. While they agree that new species may emerge through the
accumulation of many small changes, they see macr ...
Soft Technology - The Millennium Project
... the skills, tools and rules that are employed by people to alter, accommodate and manage nature
for human survival and development.
The knowledge derived from social science, non-natural science, and non-scientific
(traditionally) knowledge to solve various practical problems also belongs to "the ca ...
Localised and Biased Technologies
... Atkinson and Stiglitz’s seminal paper in the ECONOMIC JOURNAL 1969, ‘A New View of
Technological Change’, took an important departure from the orthodoxy of its time,
which assumed that technological improvements could be viewed as increasing
productivity at all factor proportions (in particular, at ...
IMPACT OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ON
... are embodied in innovations. Because the access to the core technologies is limited, innovations are
spreading gradually and differently across countries from country innovator to country imitator
(receiving country). One of the reasons for this is that countries differ in the levels of economic
Technology upgrading of middle-income economies
... • Motivation 3: wrong metrics leads to irrelevant policies
• The contradiction in the current EU approach between its dominant metrics
(cf. IUS) which assumes identical technological paths and drivers of growth
and the wish to push countries along divergent ‘smart specialization’ paths.
• The EU is ...
A Systems Definition of Educational Technology in Society
... Hard systems thinking dominating the systems science in the 1960s and 1970s treats systems as deterministic
entities. This is eventually replaced in the late 1980s and 1990s by soft systems thinking and postmodernist
ideals where design problems are treated as ill defined and systems are subject too ...
The Cultural Evolution of Technology and Science
... locally adaptive technology has allowed humans to colonize and inhabit virtually every terrestrial environment on the planet. Yet there are also numerous
examples of the negative consequences of technology, such as the overexploitation of resources, facilitation of large-scale warfare, and increase ...
Technological determinism is a reductionist theory that presumes that a society's technology drives the development of its social structure and cultural values. The term is believed to have been coined by Thorstein Veblen (1857–1929), an American sociologist and economist. The most radical technological determinist in the United States in the twentieth century was most likely Clarence Ayres who was a follower of Thorstein Veblen and John Dewey. William Ogburn was also known for his radical technological determinism.The first major elaboration of a technological determinist view of socioeconomic development came from the German philosopher and economist Karl Marx, whose theoretical framework was grounded in the perspective that changes in technology, and specifically productive technology, are the primary influence on human social relations and organizational structure, and that social relations and cultural practices ultimately revolve around the technological and economic base of a given society. Marx's position has become embedded in contemporary society, where the idea that fast-changing technologies alter human lives is all-pervasive.Although many authors attribute a technologically determined view of human history to Marx's insights, not all Marxists are technological determinists, and some authors question the extent to which Marx himself was a determinist. Furthermore, there are multiple forms of technological determinism.