table of contents - Università degli Studi di Verona
... In this research, I survey a significant pattern of deverbal word-formation in Italian,
and integrate the data analysis into a recently developed theoretical model of
derivational semantics. In particular, the main goal of this study is to analyze the range
of semantic interpretations and the corres ...
The Origin and Development of Nonconcatenative Morphology by
... 4.2. The role of semantics and the fate of derived forms .........................................................145
4.2.1. The T- and N-stems: Semitic reflexive forms ........................................................... 146
220.127.116.11. Competition and loss...................................... ...
... 1. Nature of meaning
The criterion of meaning is a useful starting point, but as a decisive
criterion, it has at least the following problems
Constructions with and without articles Henriëtte de Swart
... in corpora, and generally not accepted by native speakers (cf. Le Bruyn & de Swart 2014).
Although N-based, P-based and ‘with/without’ bare PPs are instantiated in English, Dutch and
French alike, they have a rather different distribution. Stvan (1998) lists some 900 bare PPs in
English, most of the ...
Partitives A workshop at SLE 43
... nominative.We argue that the opposition
between the partitive and the accusative or the
nominative does not coincide with the opposition
between definite and indefinite NPs, since the
accusative and the nominative can give rise to
both interpretations. The genitive NP
emphasises quantity, while the ...
Canonical Inflectional Classes - Cascadilla Proceedings Project
... are omitted here. But suppose for instance that particular consonants palatalize before a front vowel. This can lead
to non-uniformity since within an inflectional class there is now a (fully predictable) difference between members
with stems ending in a particular consonant and all others.
Indexed Stems and Russian Word Formation
... label appears to be inappropriate since the stem has more than one
function. Aronoff (1992) claims that this is true for Latin verbs, and he
argues that indices rather than functions should distinguish the set of
stems that belong to a lexeme.
Latin verbs are traditionally treated as having a stem i ...
Lesson 12 | NTGreek In Session
... adding adjectives to describe men, women, or inanimate objects like books
or trees, they all could be described as “good”. An English adjective may
be put next to any substantive it modifies, and the adjective does not
change form to conform to the substantive’s case, gender, and number
because the ...
Idiomatic Root Merge in Modern Hebrew blends
... its n features onto the resultant blend. However, this analysis cannot fully account for the data
either, as we can see in (8b) that neither base is of the same category as the resultant idiomatic
compound: a verb and a preposition have combined to form a noun. Even if it is argued that
takeout is a ...
... She told the Joke to her friends
NB: some theorists refer to certain GOALs as RECIPIENTs
especially in the case of give and similar verbs
Indo-Aryan: From the Vedas to Modern Times
... I have followed the original make-up as closely as is consistent
with English p ractice. The " Indications bibliographiques" have
been rearranged in alphabelical order under the language headings
and the Table of A bbrev iations has been enlarged. A short Index,
which I originally prepared for my ow ...
Exo-skeletal vs. endo-skeletal explanations
... argument structure crucially links it to information in the lexical entry of
argument selecting heads (verbs, adjectives, possibly nouns). Various executions of this leading idea may vary. Thus within many approaches, the
argument structure associated with a particular lexical head is derived from
§1 In Old English, a noun or a noun phrase inflected for Genitive
... (demonstratives, possessives, adjectives), not only the head noun but also these modifiers were
inflected for Genitive Case, as the formulas in Figure 2a show. Importantly, this distribution is the
same for nominals inflected for the other cases (see Figure 2b). However, after the OE period, the
Yearbook of Morphology
... inflection from derivation, since derivation also has syntactic implications in that it
may change the syntactic (sub)category of a word, and its syntactic valency.
This distinction between inherent and contextual inflection is sometimes reflected by traditional grammars. For instance, in Hungarian ...
verbal prefixes and suffixes in nominalization - FRITT
... “nominalizations as they are”. In both cases I chose only event nominalizations,
i.e. deverbal nominals referring to more or less the same situations as the one
denoted by the corresponding verb, excluding result, manner, agent etc. (cf.
Padučeva 1974; Grimshaw 1990; Alexiadou 2001, for further disc ...
The Ancient Languages of Asia and the Americas
... for recording human speech. A system of writing appears to have been first developed by
the Sumerians of southern Mesopotamia in the late fourth millennium BC (see WAL Ch. 2,
§§1.2; 2). Not much later (beginning in about 3100 BC), a people of ancient Iran began to
record their still undeciphered lan ...
from the proto-indo-european to the classical latin accent1
... according to strictly given rules. The place of accent (or its change
throughout the paradigm) was characteristic of individual word-formative types; that is to say, the words of the same word-formative types
had the same accent ñ not on the syllable of certain place in a word, but
on a specific mor ...
... few other smaller patterns; some words are simply irregular and do not conform
to any pattern (see 5.3). Second, there is a group of human nouns which often
have alternative dual and plural forms which pattern differently from other irregular words, and refer to different constellations of referents ...
An outline of Celtiberian grammar
... is the place name Rixama which might be derived from the word for ‘king’ just
mentioned, but is only attested in a Latin source (Martialis), not in an indigenous
context. (On WLÿDXQHL which might contain the preverb *G-, OIr. dí- etc. s. below § 46).
e seems to interchange with ei on occasions, cf. ...
Learn To read parT 1 - Yale University Press
... not be assigned until all new material in a chapter has been introduced, unless a teacher selects only those
exercise sentences that contain material already presented.
In the synthetic Greek sentences (drills, exercises, and examples used in the textbook), we have tried
to include only usages found ...
Joash Gambarage Johannes
... arranged in a series of levels. According to this theory, each step of word formation
process is tied to rules of a certain level. Within this approach, it is assumed that the
output of each word-formation process within the lexicon itself is accounted for by
phonological rules of its level. At a le ...
Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 47, 2
... the plural). In 23 of them the suffix -isc apart from adding the sense ‘of a certain
nationality/origin’ in some context might also assume the sense ‘a group of
people of a certain nationality/origin’. Here belong coinages such as, for instance, Alexandrianisc ‘an Alexandrian’, Babilonisc ‘the Babyl ...
Nominals in the Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) include nouns, adjectives and pronouns. Their grammatical forms and meanings have been reconstructed by modern linguists based on similarities found across all Indo-European languages. This article discusses nouns and adjectives, while Proto-Indo-European pronouns are treated elsewhere.PIE had eight or nine cases, three numbers (singular, dual and plural), and probably originally two genders (animate and neuter), with the animate later splitting into the masculine and the feminine. The nominals fell into multiple different declensions. Most of them had word stems ending in a consonant (so-called athematic stems) and exhibited a complex pattern of accent shifts and/or vowel changes (ablaut) between the different cases. Two declensions ended in a vowel (*-o/e-) and are called thematic; these were more regular and became more common during the history of PIE and its older daughter languages.PIE very frequently derived nominals from verbs. Just as English giver and gift are ultimately related to the verb give, *déh₃tors 'giver' and *déh₃om 'gift' are derived from *deh₃- 'to give'; only this practice was much more common in PIE. For example, *pṓds 'foot' was derived from *ped- 'to tread', and *dómh₂s 'house' from *demh₂- 'to build'.