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Biology
Name: ___________________________
Learning Target: Describe the general structure, subunits, and examples for each of the four types of
macromolecules. Create models to show the arrangements of these molecules. Understand the process of
dehydration synthesis.
Task: Use your notes to help you draw, assemble and label the following items.
1.) Assemble a disaccharide sugar.
a. The building block/monomers of carbohydrates are ______________________________. Cut
and connect 2 simple sugars into a chain and anywhere that 2 pieces touch, connect above the
triangle water to point to the bond site (one water is always released from each bond site during
dehydration synthesis.)
b. Once you are sure you have a correct arrangement, glue and color the pieces in and use a marker
to label it as a disaccharide.
2.) Assemble the monomers into a polysaccharide sugar.
a. Cut and connect 6 carbohydrate monomers (simple sugars) in a chain and anywhere that 2
pieces touch, use the triangle water to point to the bond site.
b. Once you are sure you have a correct arrangement, glue and color the pieces in and use a marker
to label it as a polysaccharide.
3.) Assemble a protein.
a. The building block/monomers of proteins are ___________________________________.
Cut and connect 6 of these into a chain and anywhere that 2 pieces touch, use the triangle water
to point to the bond site.
b. Once you are sure you have a correct arrangement, color the pieces in and use a marker to label
it as a protein.
4.) Assemble a triglyceride (common lipid).
a. The building block/monomers of all lipids are ___________________________________.
But to build a triglyceride you will need what additional piece? _____________________
b. Look up triglycerides in your notes to find their shape: ______________________
c. Cut and connect the pieces required to build a triglyceride in the correct shape, and anywhere
that the tails touch the glycerol use the triangle water to point to the bond site.
d. Once you are sure you have a correct arrangement, color the pieces in and use a marker to label
it as a triglyceride.
5.) Assemble a DNA nucleotide.
a. The building block/monomers of nucleic acids are __________________. For DNA, this is
made of a ______________ + ________________ + __________________.
b. Cut and connect the three components assembled into a nucleotide as shown by the diagram in
your notes. Anywhere that 2 pieces touch, use the triangle water to point to the bond site.
c. Once you are sure you have a correct arrangement, color the pieces in and use a marker to label
it as a DNA nucleotide.
6.) Add a title & your names and class period to your paper.
Post Lab Questions: Use your lab & macromolecule notes to answer the following questions.
1. Complete the chart:
Four types of Macromolecules
Main subunit (monomer) of each
2. What process is being shown by water being given off from each bond site? Why is water removed at
these locations?
3. What process is used to break down macromolecules? What happens to water during that process?
Below, find the pieces you will need to complete the activity. You will be DRAWING and
COLORING each piece as described.
H20= blue;
Base= Grey;
Simple Sugar= green;
Glycerol= purple;
Pentose Sugar= pink;
Fatty Acid= orange;
Amino Acid= red;
Phosphate=yellow
Below, find the pieces you will need to complete the activity. You will be DRAWING and
COLORING each piece as described.
H20= blue;
Base= Grey;
Simple Sugar= green;
Glycerol= purple;
Pentose Sugar= pink;
Fatty Acid= orange;
Amino Acid= red;
Phosphate=yellow
Below, find the pieces you will need to complete the activity. You will be DRAWING and
COLORING each piece as described.
H20= blue;
Base= Grey;
Simple Sugar= green;
Glycerol= purple;
Pentose Sugar= pink;
Fatty Acid= orange;
Amino Acid= red;
Phosphate=yellow