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LAND BREEZE
OCCURS AS A LOW PRESSURE
SYSTEM DEVELOPS OVER WATER
AT NIGHT DUE TO SPECIFIC HEAT
DIFFERENCES. GOES FROM THE
LAND OUT TO THE WATER
SEA BREEZE
OCCURS AS LOW PRESSURE AREA
DEVELOPS OVER LAND DURING
HEAT OF DAY. AIR FLOWS FROM
OCEAN TO LAND BRINGING IN
COOLING WINDS.
KATABATIC WIND
COLD DRY MOUNTAIN WIND
ALSO KNOWN AS MISTRAL & BORA
CAN CAUSE EXTREMELY COLD
TEMPERATURES IN A RELATIVELY
SHORT PERIOD OF TIME.
CHINOOK WINDS
WARM AND DRY MOUNTAIN WIND
BRINGING RAPID TEMPERATURE
INCREASES
ALSO KNOWN AS ZONDA, FOEHN, &
SANTA ANA
MONSOON
SEASONAL REVERSAL OF WIND
DRY MONSOON OCCURS IN WINTER
WITH LOW PRESSURE OVER
WATER
WET MONSOON OCCURS IN
SUMMER WITH LOW PRESSURE
OVER LAND
AIR MASSES & FRONTS
Chapter 19
AIR MASS
A LARGE BODY OF AIR THAT IS
CHARACTERIZED BY THE
SAMENESS OF TEMPERATURE &
HUMIDITY
SOURCE REGION
THE AREA WHERE AN AIR MASS
ACQUIRES ITS PROPERTIES OF
TEMPERATURE AND MOISTURE
CONTINENTAL – LAND [DRY]
MARITIME OR MARINE – WATER
[MOIST]
AIR MASSES
FRONTS
BOUNDARIES THAT SEPARATE AIR
MASSES OF DIFFERENT DENSITIES
WARM – OVER RUNNING
COLD
OCCLUDED - PINCHING
STATIONARY
WARM FRONT
COLD FRONT
OCCLUDED
STATIONARY FRONT
MID-LATITUDE
CYCLONES
PRIMARY WEATHER PRODUCERS IN
MID- LATITUDES [30 –60 DEGREES]
LARGE CENTERS OF LOW
PRESSURE THAT GENERALLY
TRAVEL FROM WEST TO EAST
LASTING FROM A FEW DAYS TO
MORE THAN A WEEK
COUNTERCLOCKWISE MOTION
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