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National Plan Waste Management 2002
Strategic Environmental Assessment
Arend Kolhoff
Netherlands Commission for EIA
Jordan - September 2003
National policy waste management
Main objectives:
1. Prevention
2. Re-use
3. Incineration
Landfilling is not allowed anymore since 1996
National waste management plan 2002
National level, deals with:
 prevention of waste production
 infrastructure for collecting (hazardous) waste
 setting ‘so-called’ minimum standards (techniques)
 establish capacity for waste incineration
Plan is renewed every 4 years
Proponent and CA: Ministry of Environment
Private sector is handling waste treatment
National waste management plan 2002
SEA was carried out:
(1) to compare different techniques and define
preferred technique
(2) to investigate different need scenarios for
incineration to determine needed incineration
(1) Selection of preferred techniques
26 waste streams investigated (asbestos,
batteries, mercury containing waste,
dissolvents, organic waste, waste oil etc)
Example waste oil:
• in rotary drum incinerator
• use as fuel in cementoven
• additional fuel in power station
• distallation with sodium treatment
Methodology for impact analysis
Life Cycle Analysis
standardized technique
Use of computer model
All effects from production to disposal
Includes positive effects of re-use
Disadvantage: high data demand
LCA: environmental themes
Climate change
Use of resources
Use of space
Weighting to reflect policy priorities
Four weight sets were applied:
All effects for 7 themes equally important
Contribution to policy objectives most important
Climate change and toxicity most important
Comparison of alternatives
analysis of most friendly technique for the
preferred technique
(2) Capacity planning incineration
2 scenario’s : seperation in different (caloric)
components with specific processing
(use in power plants, cement ovens, incineration
1 scenario: all waste integrally burned in waste
1 scenario: no increase in capacity (landfills)
National Waste Management PLan
Comparison alternatives
• simplified LCA
• use of space for waste that is land-filled
• emissions of NOx, CO2, CO, carbon hydroxides,
NH3 en dioxins
Methodology for public participation
All major national NGOs:
Round tables on alternatives & impacts
Selected national NGOs:
Continuous sounding board
Methodology for public participation
Local NGOs and local governments:
Actively invited to send comments
In both scoping and reviewing stage
Private citizens:
Written comments during scoping and reviewing
Methodology for public participation
Methods applied:
Discussion groups in early stage
Sounding boards throughout process
Technical expert workshops
Information meetings for general public
Mass media and information bulletin
Results of public participation
High response national NGOs: alternatives
Increased focus on new alternative: separation
High response local groups: local issues
Low response by private citizens
Two new incinerators are required
Prefered technique for 26 waste streams
New incinerators subject to EIA
Lessons learned
LCA useful, but not in all cases
Extensive public participation useful:
Led to broad acceptance of plan
Increased ‘holistic’ approach by NGOs
Public should also be involved in stating assumptions
SEA made EIA easier to do:
Methodology developed
Alternatives compared