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Using Scientific Knowledge in Earth Science
- Geosphere
Grade: K
All students will describe the Earths surface.
Recognize and describe different types of earth materials.
Constructing and Reflecting
SCI.I.1.1 - Generate reasonable questions about the world based on observation.
SCI.I.1.2 - Develop solutions to problems through reasoning, observation, and investigation.
SCI.I.1.3 - Manipulate simple devices that aid observation and data collection.
SCI.I.1.4 - Use simple measurement devices to make measurements in scientific investigations.
SCI.II.1.1 - Develop an awareness of the need for evidence in making decisions scientifically.
SCI.II.1.5 - Develop an awareness of contributions made to science by people of diverse backgrounds and cultures.
Vocabulary / Key Concepts
Samples of natural Earth materials such as
Minerals, Rock, Boulder, Sand, Gravel, Clay,
Knowledge and Skills
Coloma Resources:
The Earths surface is made of many different
materials Minerals, Rock, Boulder, Sand, Gravel,
Clay, Soil.
Students will classify many types of materials and
recognize and locate where these materials are
found locally.
Newbridge Big Book and Teacher’s Guide:
• Rocks and Soil
• Photo Cards
Other Resources:
Bains, Rae, 1985, ROCKS AND MINERALS:
Mahwah, New Jersey, Troll (Venture into
Reading series), p 32
Cole, Joanna. Magic School Bus: Inside the
Earth. Scholastic, 1989
Gans, Roma. Let’s Go Rock Collecting.
Harper, 1997
Wooley, Allan. Rocks and Minerals.
Usbourne, 2001.
Benchmark Question: What is the Earth’s surface
Focus Question: How would you recognize the
different natural materials found on the Earth’s
The teacher will give students samples of each of
the materials found in the “Context” section.
Students will study the samples using various
science processes and tools such as hand lenses,
balances, and rulers. During the observations,
students will discuss questions about rocks,
minerals, and soil, such as “What does it look like?,
feel like? How is it like/unlike the others?, where
would you find this locally or in the state? How is it
Teacher Notes:
Describe the earth's surface.
Elementary students are likely unaware of the size, shape and variety of surfaces of the earth beyond their
neighborhoods, but soon learn that all the geosphere is made of similar material. They learn that under the
pavement and the ground floors are soil, rock, and water. The students begin to realize that the surface of the
earth is extremely uneven, but the difference between mountains, hills, rocks, pebbles, and soil is only size not
composition. They learn that mountains are formed and worn down into the other features. Through various
media and field trips, students observe that beyond their sidewalks, fields and neighborhood buildings, there
are mountains and valleys, hills and plains, lakes and ponds, rivers and creeks, deserts and rainforests.
Through the study of maps, an understanding develops that the earth is round and that the features of the
earth are diverse.