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```Name_____________________________________________________ Date______________
Two-Dimensional Figures
Line segment:
______________________
A line segment is a part of a line. It has a beginning and an end, and
it is straight.
Angle:
vertex
vertex
An angle is formed by two lines or two line segments that cross each
other. The point where these two line segments cross is called a
vertex. All angles have a vertex.
Triangle:
A triangle is a figure with three sides and three angles. All these
figures are triangles.
Right angle:
A right angle is an angle that is formed by two perpendicular lines
crossing. Rectangles and squares and rectangles have four right
angles.
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Name_____________________________________________________ Date______________
Closed Figures
Closed figures are formed of lines or line segments. Closed
figures have no openings.
Rectangle:
A rectangle is a figure with four sides and four right angles.
Square:
A square has four right angles, like a rectangle. Unlike a rectangle, a
square has four equal sides.
Circle:
*
A circle is a round figure. All the points on the edge of a circle are the
same distance from the center.
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Name_____________________________________________________ Date______________
Polygon:
A polygon is closed figure bounded by straight sides.
Triangles, rectangles, and squares are polygons.
Other polygons:
Pentagon (5 sides)
Hexagon (six sides)
Octagon (8 sides)
Some figures are NOT polygons.
A circle is not a polygon, because it does not have straight sides.
This figure is not a polygon, because it has a rounded side.
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Name_____________________________________________________ Date______________
Polygons
1. Draw a polygon with four sides.
2. Draw a polygon with three sides.
3. Draw a polygon with four right angles.
4. Which figure is NOT a polygon?
a.
n
b.
c.
d.
5. Which of these figures is not a polygon?
a.
b.
c.
d.
6. This is not a polygon. Explain why.
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Name_____________________________________________________ Date______________
Angles
An angle is formed when two line segments intersect. The point where the two
line segments intersect is called the vertex. Vertices are the term for more than
one vertex.
vertex
vertex
Polygons have angles.
1. How many angles does this triangle have? ____
How many vertices? ______
2. How many angles does this rectangle have? _____
How many vertices? ______
3. How many angles does this pentagon have? ____
How many vertices? ______
4. Do you see a pattern? Explain.
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Squares and rectangles have square corners. These square corners are called
right angles.
5. Look around the room. List some of the right angles you see.
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Name_____________________________________________________ Date______________
Squares and Rectangles
A rectangle has four sides, four vertices and four right angles. A square is a
rectangle with four equal sides.
This is a rectangle.
This is a square.
Look at the picture below. Identify the rectangles. Put an R on the rectangles.
Put an S on the squares.
Look around the room. List the objects that are rectangles or squares.
Rectangles
Squares
Look at the design. With a colored pencil, put a small square at each right angle.
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Name_____________________________________________________ Date______________
Connect the terms with the matching figure.
1. square
a.
2. vertex
b.
3. rectangle
c.
d.
4. pentagon
e.
5. triangle
f.
6. hexagon
g.
7. circle
h.
8. right angle
i.
9. line segment
10. octagon
j.
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Name_____________________________________________________ Date______________
Two-Dimensional Figures
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CIRCLE
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A
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PENTAGON
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GEOMETRY
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LINE
LINE SEGMENT
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VERTEX
Name_____________________________________________________ Date______________
Page 4
4. b
5. c
6. This figure is not a polygon because it has
a curved edge. Polygons have straight sides.
Page 5
1. 3 angles, 3 vertices
2. 4 angles, 4 vertices
3. 5 angles, 5 vertices
4. The number of angles and the number of
vertices for a figure are the same.
Page 6
Assessment is visual
Page 7
1. c
2. d
3. f
4. i
5. h
6. e
7. a
8. j
9. b
10.
g
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