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Columbus State Community College
Health, Dental, and Veterinary Programs
Radiography Program Validation Report
July 19, 2010
Department Chair:
Dr. Terrence A. Brown, Sr.
Program Coordinator ____________________________________
James J. Byrne, M.Ed, RT(R)
Faculty:
Jerry Tyree
Amy Parry
Office Associate:
Shawndeia Thomas
2010 RAD Validation Report
1
Table of Contents
I. Title Page
Table of Contents
II. Executive Summary
III. Section 1 Introduction to the Program
1. Mission Statement
2. Program Goals
3. Description of the Program
4. Degree, specialization
5. Narrative Description of the Program
6. Narrative Description of Students in the Program
7. Courses that support the Program
8. Business/Industry served by the Program
9. Institutions where students from this program transfer
10. Emerging trends in the field/program.
11. Significant developments
12. Curriculum Summary
IV. Section 2 Review Resources
V. Section 3 Validation of Program Outcomes
1. External Measures
a. JRCERT assessment / accreditation
b. Employer survey results
c. Graduate survey results
d. ARRT graduation results
2. Internal Measures
a. Program Faculty
b. Program Advisory Committee
3. Exit Interview
4. Graduate Interviews
5. Recommendations
6. Actions Items
7. Formative/Summative Chart
VI. Section 4 Implication of Results
Specific Plans for Revision of Curriculum and/or Program Outcomes
VII. Appendices
2010 RAD Validation Report
2
I. Introduction
a. Introduction to the Program
b. Program Mission Statement
c. Program Outcomes Investigated
II. Internal Review Methods
a. Program Faculty
Method
Program Changes
b. Program Advisory Committee
Method
Results
Program Changes
III. External Review Methods
a. Program initiated Employer Results
Method
Data Results
Data Results Summary
Program Changes
b. Program Graduate Results
Method
Results Summary
Data Results Analysis
Program Changes
c. ARRT Registry Examination Results
Method
Data Results
Data Results Summary
Program Changes
2010 RAD Validation Report
3
Section 1
Introduction to the Program
The validation process for the radiography program is an ongoing process of measuring
established program outcomes to student and graduate affective and technical
performance. Several internal and external measures are used to validate program
outcomes and ensure both the integrity of the program and the development of qualified
graduates prepared to meet the needs of the imaging community in central Ohio. A
variety of assessment instruments are utilized, which include institutional research data,
programmatic accreditation, internal faculty and program advisory review, graduate and
employer surveys, and annual national radiography registry exam results. The
assessment data is reviewed annually with the program advisory committee.
The overall summary of program evaluation is that the Columbus State Community
College Radiography program continues to meet or exceed expectations in providing
graduates who are well qualified to meet the needs of the health care imaging
community.
The final validation report was completed by the program faculty and reviewed by the
chairperson of Health, Dental, and Veterinary programs. The validation report is
submitted as part of a three year cycle to the College Assessment committee.
Program Mission Statement
The mission of the Columbus State Community College Radiography program is to
provide quality educational program that meet the life-long learning needs of its
community. This is achieved by preparing graduates for entry-level employment as a
radiography science professional. This is consistent with the Columbus State Community
College Mission Statement.
Program Goals
The program holds as its primary objectives, the education and training of qualified
applicants to become competent radiographers. The program endeavors to instill in
students, and subsequently graduates the following program goals:
1. Develop graduates who will recognize the need for life-long learning in their
chosen profession.
2. To graduate students with the ability to behave in a compassionate, ethical and
professional manner.
3. To graduate students who will successfully complete all program
requirements, meet entry-level expectations of employers, and successfully
complete the ARRT national certification exam.
4. To develop applied skills in effective communication, critical thinking, and
problem solving in the practice of the radiography profession.
2010 RAD Validation Report
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Narrative Description of the Program
http://www.cscc.edu/Programs/descriptions/rad.htm
(See appendix 1)
A radiographer, is a medical professional who applies doses of ionizing radiation to
patients to create medical images of the human anatomy to aid radiologists and doctors
diagnose and treat illness and injury. They work in hospitals, clinics, medical
laboratories, nursing homes, and in private practice.
Radiographers employ a wide range of sophisticated equipment to produce medical
images with the least amount of radiation to the patient, so that doctors and other medical
professionals may better diagnose and treat injury or disease. Radiologic Technologists
use their expertise and knowledge of physics, anatomy, physiology and pathology to
assess the patient, develop optimal radiographic technique and evaluate resulting
radiographic images to determine if additional procedures are warranted. They care for
the patient even when acutely ill or traumatized.
Technology classes begin in summer quarter. Admission to the program is competitive
with completed applications received annually. Because students and health care workers
in the field may be exposed to infectious materials and communicable diseases, the
program emphasizes safety and prevention.
Degree / Specialization
1 Associate of Applied Science, Radiography
Upon completion of the Radiography Program Plan-of-Study, graduates receive an
Associates Degree in Applied Science in Radiography. They are eligible to apply to take
the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists national certification exam in
radiography and earn the credentials Registered Technologist in Radiography – RT(R)
The practice of Radiography includes the following modalities (or specialties):





Diagnostic Radiography – deals with examination of internal organs, bones,
cavities and foreign objects; includes cardiovascular imaging and interventional
radiography.
Fluoroscopy – live motion Radiography (constant radiation) usually used to
visualize the digestive system; monitor the administration of contrast agents to
highlight vessels and organs or to help position devices within the body (such as
pacemakers, guidewires, stents etc.)
CT (computed tomography) – which provides cross-sectional views (slices) of the
body; can also reconstruct additional images from those taken to provide more
information in either 2 or 3D.
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) – builds a 2-D or 3-D map of different tissue
types within the body
Mammography - uses x-ray to image the breast tissues.
2010 RAD Validation Report
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
Vascular Interventional Radiography- specialize in medical imaging technique
used to visualize blood vessels and organs of the body with particular interest in
the arteries, veins and the heart chambers.
Technology classes begin in summer quarter. Admission to the program is competitive
with completed applications received annually. Because students and health care workers
in the field may be exposed to infectious materials and communicable diseases, the
program emphasizes safety and prevention.
See Appendix 2
2. Limited Radiography Certificate
This certificate program meets the requirements of the Ohio Revised Code (3701-72-01 3701-72-04) for a General X-Ray Machine Operator. It is designed to meet the learning
needs of adults wishing to enter the imaging field of radiography with a limited license.
The RAD 190 course and the modularized RAD 141 and RAD 142 courses are a part of
the program’s technical requirements.
At the completion of the program, the learner will be able to:








Demonstrate competence in academic technical courses that meet the ODH
requirements.
Be eligible to apply for the ODH General X-Ray Machine Operator (GxMO)
State Examination.
Demonstrate competence in patient care skills and radiographic positioning and
imaging skills specific to a GxMO.
Incorporate general education outcomes for effective communications necessary
in a health care setting.
Incorporate basic related course content to support technical course academic
theory and practice.
Develop technical skills required for employment in outpatient imaging facilities,
urgent care centers, and physician practices.
Develop additional clinical skills needed for employment in subspecialty areas in
imaging. Examples include podiatry, chiropractic, general practitioner, outpatient
imaging facilities, etc.
Move seamlessly from the certificate program to the associate degree program at
Columbus State, if desired.
Courses that Support the Program
The following course comprise the general education and basic related course that
support the radiography curriculum and College outcomes
General Education Courses
1 ENGL 101
Beginning Composition
3
2010 RAD Validation Report
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2
3
4
5
6
ENGL 102
Essay & Research
SSCIxxx
Essay & Research
HUMxxx
Humanities
COMM200 Bus. Communications
COMM105/110
Speech/Grp. Discussion
Total
Basic Related Courses
1 BIO121
Anat/Physio I
2 BIO122
Anat/Physio II
3 MULT101
Med. Term
4 CIT101
PC Applications
5 MULT103
Responding to Emergencies
Total
See appendix 3
3
5
5
3
3
22 credits
5
5
2
3
2
22 credits
Industries Support – Wages and Compensation
Overall mean full-time compensation for radiologic technologists across the nation was
$61,733, depending on discipline, position, workplace, education, years in the profession
and other demographic factors.
• Mean full-time compensation was reported highest in California ($82,753),
Massachusetts ($76,840), Washington, Rhode Island ($75,399), Connecticut ($74,763)
and the District of Columbia ($72,450).
• Mean full-time compensation was reported lowest in Alabama ($49,531), North Dakota
($51,930), West Virginia ($52,380), Arkansas ($52,691) and South Dakota
($52,813).
• The disciplines yielding the highest compensation were registered radiologist assistant
($100,004), medical dosimetry ($95,279) and radiation therapy ($79,125).
• The disciplines yielding the lowest compensation were radiography ($53,953), bone
densitometry ($56,521) and mammography ($60,263).
• About 77% of respondents do not receive employer funding for professional association
dues, and 68% do not receive funds for conference registration fees.
• More than one-half (61.5%) of respondents do not receive employer-funded continuing
education (CE) courses/materials.
• Mean full-time compensation for ASRT members was $62,271. This was significantly
higher than nonmembers, who had a mean full-time compensation of
$60,975 (t[6763]=39.16, P=.005).
• Of the respondents, 54.5% reported that they are satisfied or very satisfied with their
current compensation, but 21.3% indicated that they are dissatisfied or very
dissatisfied.
Demographics and the Workplace
The average registered radiologic technologist responding
to the survey:
• Holds an associate degree (44.7%).
• Has been practicing in the profession for 17.8 years, 14.5 years in the current primary
discipline and 9.34 years in the current position.
2010 RAD Validation Report
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• Currently practices in a staff position (63.1%).
• Works 41.27 hours per work week in one of three employment settings: not-for-profit
hospital (44.2%), clinic/physician’s office (19.9%) and for-profit hospital
(16.6%).
• Receives at least partial employer funding of life insurance (76.8%), health insurance
(87.2%), dental insurance (76.8%), retirement/pension programs (86%) and
tuition assistance (59.5%).
• Is a member of the ASRT (60.2%) and has been for 10.38 years.
See appendix 4
Student Transfer Opportunities
According to Sarah Lathrop, Coordinator of College Articulations, there are 49
articulations for Columbus State graduates to continue their education in some other
capacity. For CSCC Radiography graduates, the primary transfer occurs with The Ohio
State University School of Allied Medical Professions, Radiography BS Degree
completion program.
The OSU Radiography-BS Degree Completion (2+2 program) students are imaging
professionals who have completed prior education and experience working in the medical
imaging field and are certified by The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists
(ARRT), the American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS), or the
Nuclear Medicine Technology Certification Board (NMTCB). Areas of specialization
include advance imaging modalities such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Computed
Tomography, Digital Imaging-Informatics, and Cardiovascular Imaging. Other tracts
include specializations in Radiography management, education, and research.
The OSU School of Allied Med. Graduate School also offers a Master of Science
Program for the Radiologist Assistant. The Radiology Assistance (RA) program allows
graduates to apply for certification by the American Registry of Radiologic
Technologists. Students apply to the Graduate School and must meet all Graduate School
requirements for admission.
See appendix 5
Emerging Trends in Radiography
2009 Enrollment Trends - ASRT Enrollment Survey (www.asrt.org)
Estimates for first-year enrollments are 16,759 radiography students. This estimates
represent decreases (ranging from 1.9% for radiography relative to 2008 enrollments
despite the fact that the number of programs offering education in radiography and
nuclear medicine technology have increased.
Student Capacity
Overall, 56% of program directors reported full enrollment in fall 2009 compared with
61.4% in 2008. Directors of programs at full enrollment reported turning away about
20,729 qualified students, while programs not at full enrollment reported unused capacity
totaling only 1,747 students.
2010 RAD Validation Report
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Near-term Changes
About 9.6% of radiography program directors reported that they plan to decrease
enrollments. About 8% of radiography program directors plan increases. Eight programs
indicated that they will be closing and report a mean number of 2.04 years of continuing
before closure.
Attrition Analysis
The mean attrition rate for all programs during 2009 was 18.09%. This did not differ
significantly from the previous two years.
Jobs in the United States
2009- About 92.7% of all graduates have taken jobs in the United States.
See appendix 6
Significant developments in Past 3 Years
1 Technology advancements and increases in imaging/therapeutic specialization
have resulted in an increase in the number of clinical site affiliations. This include
areas of development ages (eg. Children’s hospital), digital imaging (eg. Dublin
Methodist Hospital), and an increase in imaging in outpatient facilities.
2 Acquisition of digital imaging equipment and podiatric imaging equipment for the
radiography lab.
3 Growth in the Limited Radiography courses and College certification completion.
Since 2007, the program estimates 122% increase (from ~100 students/qtr. to
~227 students/qtr.) This is due to utilizing RAD190 as a basic related course for
Veterinary Technology and a technical elective for Medical Assisting
Technology. 2007 Changes in the Ohio Revised Code requiring positioning
courses to obtain a GxMO license necessitated the development of 5 limited
positioning module course to supplement the RAD190 course. Currently, each
course is offered 3 times each quarter increasing the number of students taking
radiography courses by Approximately 120 students/quarter.
Current Curriculum Summary
The Radiography Program utilizes the American Society of Radiologic Technologists
(ASRT) Curriculum guide as the basis for establishing the radiography curriculum and
the required clinical competencies for the clinical courses. The American Registry of
Radiologic Technologists (www.arrt.org) also indicates academic and clinical standards
that must be achieve to be eligible for the graduate to sit for the national certification
examination. The program advisory committee also provide input for additional
academic and clinical content as required by an entry-level radiography in the central
Ohio healthcare community.
In general, the radiography program can be divided into academic and clinical content.
Although there is a synergism between these two areas, administratively each area is
organized by a Program Coordinator and a Clinical Coordinator.
Areas of instruction required by the programmatic credentialing agencies, include
radiation biology & protection, radiographic anatomy & positioning, radiographic
exposure & technique, and patient care. Advanced level skills included in the curriculum
2010 RAD Validation Report
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as recommendations by the Advisory Committee include cardiovascular imaging,
sectional anatomy, and advanced clinical rotations such as vascular interventional
technology, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, mammography,
surgical imaging, and trauma radiography.
Courses are sequenced on the Plan-of-Study and students complete the sequence as a
cohort with a new class beginning each Summer quarter.
See Appendix 7
2010 RAD Validation Report
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Section 2
Review of Resources
Resources necessary for the operation of the program can be subdivided into three areas:
facilities, equipment, budget, and human resources.
Facilities
In September, 2001, renovations at 389 North Grant Street resulted in the GR building
which contains two academic classrooms, a radiography and nuclear medicine lab, and a
suite of offices utilized by both programs. The classrooms have AV capabilities. Growth
of the radiography program has necessitated the utilization of courses during the day,
evening, and on Saturday.
Equipment
The radiography energized lab has a fully functional energized lab, podiatric x-ray unit,
and film and CR (computed radiography) digital imaging capabilities.
Human Resources
The radiography program has two full-time faculty each serving as program coordinator
and clinical coordinator. Growth of the program necessitates the increase in adjunct
faculty and a clinical staff assistant to observe student in the clinical setting. The
program is supported by an office associate dedicated to the GR building who serves both
the radiography and nuclear medicine program.
Due to growth of the limited radiography certificate program and the increased number of
clinical sites as well as increases in specialized clinical rotations, proposals have been
submitted to the Program Chair, and Dean for development of a dedicated Clinical
Coordinator and a Limited Radiography Coordinator. Both positions would require an
shifting of adjunct and coordinator hours with a minimal affect on the existing budget.
2010 RAD Validation Report
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Section 3
Validation of Program Outcomes
External Review Methods
1) JRCERT Assessment / Accreditation
The Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology
programmatically accredits radiography program. In 2003, the radiography
program received the maximum award of eight years and is now in process of
completing the re-accreditation process. A self-study was submitted in June
2010 with an anticipated site visit in Fall 2010 or Winter 2011.
2) Program Graduate Survey Results
Method
Program graduate surveys re mailed each year approximately six months after
completing the program. By this time, students are normally employed and
have taken the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) national
certification exam. Employer surveys are also mailed to graduates with
directions to forward them to their immediate supervisor. Graduates are asked
for a summative evaluation of the following areas: level of achievement of
overall and specific program outcomes, faculty assessment, technical course,
and general and basic related courses. Graduates are also asked to summarize
the overall strength and weaknesses of the program and provide general
demographic data regarding employment and future career aspirations.
Results Summary
Sample graduate and employer surveys for 2007 and 2009 are available in
Appendix xxx . The program benchmark is for student survey composite results
to demonstrate a minimum 4.0 (on a 5.0 scale) or higher.
Data Results Analysis
Composite results from the surveys is presented. The average number of
surveys returns is as follows:
Graduate Surveys
 2007 – 46% returned (24 mailed, 11 returned)
 2009 Employer Survey
 (2007 employer survey to be completed Fall, 2007)
 2009 The assessment instrument utilizes a 5 point scale (5=superior, 4=above
average, 3=average, 2=below average, 1=inadequate).
Overall, the graduate surveys indicate a strong satisfaction rating that the
identified that the program specific program outcomes had been achieved.
See appendix 8
2010 RAD Validation Report
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3) ARRT Registry Examination Results
Method
The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) is the national
certification body for the radiography profession. Graduates of an accredited
program are eligible to apply to take the ARRT exam. Successful examinees
are recognized with the credentials RT(R)(ARRT) The ARRT exam addresses
specific content specifications of
(A) Radiation Protection
(B) Equipment Operation and Maintenance
(C) Image Production and Evaluation
(D) Radiographic Procedures
(E) Patient Care.
The exam is computer-based and is offered on demand at any Prometric Testing
Center. Composite results are sent to he program biannually. The program goal
is for the graduate average to equal or exceed the national average.
Data Results
Summary data for 2007-2009 is available as Appendix xxx
The 2007-2009 registry results continue the tradition of the averaging composite
score being equal to or higher than the national average.
See appendix 9
4) Employer Survey Results
Method
An employer survey is included with each grate survey with specific
instructions to give the survey to their immediate supervisor. The emphasis for
the employer is to determine the degree of competence in technical skills. The
assessment instrument utilized a five-point Likert scale (5=superior, 4=above
average, 3=average, 2=below average, 1=inadequate).
Data Results
2008 employer survey data are available as appendix xxx
Data Results Summary
Review of the available data from employers indicate that entry-level graduates
are above average in competence in technical skills 3.85 overall composite
average). The three areas that are considered essential skills for employment
(diagnostic imaging, fluoroscopy, and portable radiography ) yielded the highest
survey scores (composite 4.74). MRI, CT, cardiovascular imaging, and trauma
radiography demonstrated a composite score of 3.47. The lowest scores may be
due to the following:
2010 RAD Validation Report
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a. require advance level skills
b. advanced level skills not needed by all employers
c. graduates employed in a position where these skills are not utilized.
See appendix 10
Formative & Summative Chart
See appendix 11
Internal Review Methods
a) Program Faculty
Method
The internal program review is a formal, qualitative process that occurs at the
end of each quarter. The program faculty and clinical instructors review the
curriculum to determine whether the outcomes are validated or the curriculum
needs to be revised. Students affective and technical skills are assessed to
determine effectiveness in student learning and program outcomes. Instruments
include syllabi, accreditation standards, program goals, and lab, clinical, and
course assignments. Since the radiography clinical courses (RAD261-267)
comprise 1440 scheduled clinical hours, student clinical rotation are established
and reviewed to ensure that there are sufficient opportunities for students to
obtain the various levels of clinical competence in required and specialty areas.
Faculty and clinical instructors also meet with program students each quarter for
mid-term and end-of-quarter evaluations.
Faculty and clinical instructors also meet quarterly to review the clinical
competency-based portion of the curriculum to include level of achievement,
compliance with accreditation standards, and opportunities for revision.
Clinical instruments are used to determine clinical competence of technical and
affective behaviors through out the clinical competency process and address the
specific program outcomes.
b. Program Advisory Committee
Method
The Radiography program Advisory Committee is scheduled to meet in May
and October of each year to review the program goals, outcomes, and
curriculum. In addition, members of the Advisory Committee communicate
regularly with the program coordinator and faculty and are very aware of the
program’s goals and outcomes.
Results
The May 2009 meeting included review of the program’s mission statement,
goals and outcomes, graduate survey results, accreditation updates, program
curriculum, and admissions process. The Advisory committee recommended
2010 RAD Validation Report
14
the continuted utilization of the four program objectives that were revised in
2008. This recommendation reflects the change in outcome assessment by the
JRCERT accreditation process. The program plan-of-study included no
changes and validated the recommended changes to RAD148 (Specialized
Radiographic Procedures) and RAD212 (Sectional Anatomy) made in the
previous year.
Results
No major changes have been made in the assessment process of program goals
and outcomes. The recommendation was made to change program goals for the
2008-2009 academic year. Current assessments instruments will be utilized to
measure and validate the revised program goals.
See appendix 12
Section 4
Implications & Specific Plans
Three major changes are planned for the program which primarily affects
management/coordination clinical instruction and coordination of the Radiography
Limited Program
a. Implementation of a Dedicated Radiography Clinical Coordinator. A proposal
has been submitted to the program Chair and Dean to develop a ‘full-time’
equivalent position utilizing Coordinator release time, adjunct and staffing hours.
The net effect on the program staffing budget should be zero. This has been
determined as a need as the number of clinical sites has increased as well as the
complexity of the clinical rotations. Currently, the Clinical coordinator is a fulltime faculty member carrying a full academic load and receiving release time for
clinical coordination.
b. Investigation of clinical management software to increase access to clinical
student progress, increase accuracy and accountability for student records, and
develop accurate and timely feedback for program students and faculty.
c. Implementation of a Limited Radiography Coordinator for management of the
academic and positioning modules as required by the Ohio Department of Health
to obtain a GxMO licence. Demand and management of these courses has
increased significantly because they are required course for the Veterinary
program, a program elective for Medical Assisting, and, for 2011, a pre-requisite
for the 2 year radiography program.
The program has elected to forego other significant changes until the ‘Switch-toSemesters” process is complete.
2010 RAD Validation Report
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Section 5
Appendices
1. Narrative description of Program; Program Website
i. www.cscc.edu/radiography
2. Ohio Department of Health X-ray Licensure
i. http://www.odh.ohio.gov/odhPrograms/rp/rlic/rlic1.aspx
3. Radiography Plan of Study
i.
4.
5. Ohio State Transfer Opportunities
i. http://amp.osu.edu/rd/7807.cfm
6. Emerging Trends in Radiography
i. https://www.asrt.org/content/RTs/Research/research.aspx
7. ASRT Curriculum Guide
i. https://www.asrt.org/content/Educators/Curricula/radiography/r
adiography_curriculum.aspx
8. 2009 Graduate Survey Results
9. 2007-2009 ARRT Examination Registry Results
10. 2008 Employer Survey Results
11. Formative & Summative Chart
12. Program Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes
2010 RAD Validation Report
16
Appendix 1:
Narrative description of Program; Program Website
Overview
Admissions
Application
Program Advising
Plan of Study
Career Information
FAQ's
Faculty
Health Home
CSCC Home
Welcome
Welcome to the Radiography program at Columbus State Community College,
Columbus, Ohio. We are located in our new facilities at 389 N. Grant Street, just
1 block west of the main campus. (See the campus map for our location) The
Radiography Program is proudly JRCERT accredited. For information on the
programs accreditation, contact:
Leslie F. Winters, M.S., R.T.(R),
Chief Executive Officer
20 N. Wacker Drive, Suite 2850
Chicago, IL 60606-3182
(312) 704-5300
(312) 704-5304 Fax
Introduction
Radiographers are highly skilled professionals qualified by education to perform
imaging examinations and accompanying responsibilities at the request of a
physician. A radiographer is able to perform diagnostic imaging, fluoroscopy,
trauma, surgical, and portable radiography. Specialized areas in the curriculum
include: computed tomography, vascular interventional radiography, digital
imaging, and magnetic resonance imaging.
The radiography program begins every year with the technical courses beginning
summer quarter. Admission to the program is competitive with completed
applications received annually. Because students and health care workers in the
health care field may be exposed to infectious materials and communicable
diseases, the program emphasizes safety and prevention.
Program Mission and Goals
The mission of the Columbus State Community College Radiography program is
to provide quality educational program that meet the life-long learning needs of its
community. This is achieved by preparing graduates for entry-level employment
as a radiography science professional. This is consistent with the Columbus State
Community College Mission Statement.
2010 RAD Validation Report
17
http://www.cscc.edu/radiography/ 1 of 2 7/19/2010 11:29 AM
The program holds as its primary objectives, the education and training of
qualified applicants to become competent radiographers. The program endeavors
to instill in students, and subsequently graduates the following program goals:
 Develop graduates who will recognize the need for life-long learning in their
chosen profession.
 To graduate students with the ability to behave in a compassionate, ethical
and professional manner.
 To graduate students who will successfully complete all program
requirements, meet entry-level expectations of employers, and successfully
complete the ARRT national certification exam.
 To develop applied skills in effective communication, critical thinking, and
problem solving in the practice of the radiography profession.
http://www.cscc.edu/radiography/ 2 of 2 7/19/2010 11:29 AM
2010 RAD Validation Report
18
Appendix 2:
Ohio Department of Health X-ray Licensure
i. http://www.odh.ohio.gov/odhPrograms/rp/rlic/rlic1.aspx
Radiologic Licensure
Any individual who performs radiologic procedures on humans must hold a valid Ohio
radiologic license, according to the Ohio Revised Code. Radiologic licenses are issued
for the following categories: Radiographer, Nuclear Medicine Technologist, Radiation
Therapist and General X-ray Machine Operator (GXMO). The Radiologic Licensure
program ensures standards of knowledge and skill for operators who apply radiation to
humans for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. Through continous enforcement, initiative
and action, the program assures medical patients receive quality diagnostic imaging and
services.
The program is funded by initial license application fees, renewal fees and educational
provider fees. The program has licensed more than 16,000 operators, 48 educational
facilities and 170 continuing educational courses.
Mailing Address:
Ohio Department of Health
Radiologic Licensure
246 North High Street
Columbus, OH 43215
Telephone: (614) 752-4319
Fax: (614) 466-0381
E-mail: [email protected]
****************************NEW UPDATES****************************
Numerous changes to the radiologic license rules went into effect on Aug. 1, 2008. Some
of the highlights are listed below:
 The continuing education requirements increased from six hours to 12 hours.
 All new GXMO applicants must complete at least one clinical educational course,
specific to the type(s) of procedures they perform.
 GXMO applicants must appy directly to Cleveland Clinic in order to take the
examination. The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) no longer sends
examination registration forms. Contact your GXMO didactic educational course
provider for an examination registration form. For more information on the rule
amendments, please select the General Information & Fees or Rules link.
 We have enhanced the security of the X-ray Licensure System (XLS) to better
protect your personal information. Users will be required to create an account in
the ODH Gateway in order to apply, amend, renew or check the status of a license
in the XLS. Please select the Apply, Amend or Renew link to establish an account
in the ODH Gateway. The XLS now allows users to pay online and upload
documents to their online application.
Last Updated: 8/1/08
ODH Programs / Radiation Protection / X-ray
2010 RAD Validation Report
19
Appendix 3:
2010 RAD Validation Report
Radiography Plan of Study
20
Appendix 4:
2010 ASRT Wages and Compensation Survery
2010 RAD Validation Report
21
2010 RAD Validation Report
22
Appendix 5: Ohio State University School of Allied Medical Professions Transfer
Opportunities
ii. http://amp.osu.edu/rd/7807.cfm
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Appendix 6:
Emerging Trends in Radiography
iii. https://www.asrt.org/content/RTs/Research/research.aspx
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Appendix 7: ASRT Curriculum Guide
iv. https://www.asrt.org/content/Educators/Curricula/radiography/r
adiography_curriculum.aspx
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Appendix 8:
2009 Graduate Survey Results
Columbus State Community College
Radiography Program
10 returned
Graduation Survey September 29, 2009 (Outcome Assessment)
Columbus State Community College
Radiography Program
Outcome Assessment
Class of 1998-2000
In 1998, you had chosen to become a student of the Columbus State Community College
Radiography program. The program faculty selected you because they believed that you
will make an important contribution to quality patient care in the Radiologic Sciences.
During the past two years, this has been accomplished through formal academics, labs,
clinical experiences, and many clinical competencies. It is our intent that , upon
graduation, you are prepared to enter the Radiography profession as a professional
incorporating your acquired competence and experience to make a great contribution to
your chosen profession.
In an effort to continually improve the program, it is important to have you reflect back
on the past two years. Your insights will be helpful for the program in evaluating and
improving the radiography program. Please take a few moments to complete the
following program evaluation.
Instructions: Think carefully about your educational experiences. Using the following
numbers and descriptors, mark the appropriate space which best describes the program.
A = Superior
B = Above average
C = Adequate
D = Below Average
E = Inadequate
Overall Program Outcomes
1. Provide the student an opportunity to acquire knowledge, proficiency, and
appreciation essential to radiography
2. Outline the responsibilities entailed by becoming a member of an allied health
profession.
3. Provide the student with a complete and thorough knowledge of the requirements
for producing quality diagnostic images while practicing sound radiation protection
practices.
4. Develop radiographers dedicated to the conservation of life and the prevention of
disease.
5. Develop oral and written communication skills necessary for effective interactions
with the public and members of the health care profession.
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6.
Graduate registry eligible student radiographers qualified to apply to the American
Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT exam)
Specific Program Outcomes
7. Apply knowledge of anatomy, physiology, positioning, and radiographic techniques
to accurately demonstrate anatomical structures on a radiograph or other image
receptor.
8. Determine exposure factors to achieve optimum radiographic techniques with
minimal exposure to patient and operator.
9. Evaluate radiographic images for appropriate positioning and image quality.
10. Apply principles of radiation protection for the patient, self, and others
11. Provide patient care and comfort.
12. Recognize emergency patient conditions and initiate lifesaving first aide and basic
life-support procedures.
13. Detect equipment malfunctions and know the limits of equipment operation.
14. Exercise independent judgement and discretion in the technical performance of
medical imaging procedures.
15. Demonstrate the ability to participate in quality assurance programs.
16. Provide patient/public education related to radiologic procedures and radiation
protection/safety.
17. Demonstrate an understanding of current technology and imaging procedures.
Program Faculty Assessment
18. Consistently has command of the subject, contrasts various points of view,
discusses recent developments, presents origins of ideas and concepts.
19. Explains clearly, well prepared, presents material in an organized manner.
20. Is responsive to the need of the class, encourages student participation, welcomes
questions and encourages discussion.
21. Faculty have a genuine interest in each student, relates to students as individuals,
respects students as a valued student in the program.
22. Faculty enjoy the opportunity to teach, are dynamic and energetic, has an
interesting and effective method of presentation, is enthusiastic about the subject,
has a sense of humor.
23. In regards to your overall student accomplishments, the degree to which the
program faculty have helped you to increase your knowledge, skills, and
competencies in comparison with other non-technical courses you have taken.
24. Overall, the grading procedures were clearly defined and applied to include
academic courses and the competency-based clinical courses.
25. The textbooks, labs assignments, and other outside class assignments were fair and
appropriate.
26. Outside extracurricular activities, (COSRT,OSRT,RSNA, fieldtrips) enhanced your
education and involvement in the profession.
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Listed below are courses that comprise the Radiography curriculum at Columbus State.
Consider a typical, entry-level radiography position, and then indicate how
NECESSARY having taken such courses would be to an individual holding that position.
In rating each course, please use the following scale:
A = Very necessary
B = Necessary
C = Not very necessary
D = Not at all necessary
E = Don’t know
Course
27. Introduction to Radiologic Technology
28. Radiologic Procedures I, II, III
29. Special Radiographic Procedures
30. Radiologic Science
31. Exposure & Processing
32. Advanced Exposure & Processing
33. Sectional Anatomy
34. Computerized Imaging
35. Radiation Protection & Biology
36. Radiographic Pathology
37. Clinical I,II,II
38. Clinical IV,V,VI,VII
39. Anatomy
40. Physiology
41. Pathophysiology
42. Algebra
43. Microcomputing course
44. Beginning Composition
45. Essay & Research
46. Social Issues course
47. Business Communications
48. Humanities course
49. Speech
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On a separate sheet of paper, espond to the following questions.
1.
In your opinion, what were the overall strengths of the program.
2.
What suggestions would you have to improve the program.
3.
Do you plan to continue your education or specialize in a specific area within 5
years? If so, what?
4.
Did you wish to obtain employment upon graduating from the program?
(circle one)
a. yes, full-time employment
b. yes, part-time employment
c. no, did not seek employment
d. no
e. other (explain)____________________
5.
What are your long term aspirations?
6.
Please add any other comments.
Thank you for taking time to complete this program evaluation. Please return this
evaluation and scan sheet in the enclosed self-addressed envelope.
Composite Summary
1. Strengths of Program
1.
In general the program was basically well rounded.
2.
a. Director and instructors are enthusiastic and informed.
b. Great Lab and availability of computers
c. Strong emphasis on simulation of ARRT exam
3.
Clinical time and review tests
4.
–
5.
38 & 39 (Clinical courses)
6.
Program is rather strong. Need more hours in sectional anatomy.
7.
Clinicals
8.
Overall goal was to prepare os with taking the registry. Another strength
was the thrill of learning from teachers who love to teach, it made the
program wonderful.
9.
–
10.
I really enjoyed the class. I learned a lot in the last 7 months. It’s
amazing how much 1 person can consume.
The course material was good, but the way it was presented was
disorganized, you never had any idea what to expect on tests.
2. Suggestions to improve the program
1.
Recommend additional focus on OR related subjects as I feel we could use
more book knowledge for application at our clinical sites.
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2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
a. Question 21 includes too much area. Jim & Jerry learn to know each
of us, I believe. The program is too inflexible to allow them to exhibit any
compassion.
b. Please reconsider the 1st quarter clinical orientation package you give
us. It’s too much paperwork and it really turns off the technologists on
site.
c. Immediately prohibit an ‘hot listed’ item from being required as a blue
or green procedure.
d. Institute a policy that will enable a student who fails to obtain a “C” to
receive remediation.
e. Streamline the load of the technologists at clinical
f. Increase class size so staffing can be increased.
Better books and larger variety of books for registry review.
–
–
More hours in sectional anatomy. Seminar class was not helpful- waste of
time.
Optional final for junior student classes. (Some of the classes junior year
were harder than senior year). Student council was appointed and did not
do anything for the class. If the role is not taken seriously, it might as well
not exist.
The program was fine and there’s always room for improvement. Each
year everyone learns more and something new.
Pay more attention to what is happening in your clinical sites. If every
student at a particular site complains that a certain technologists is being
abusive, you should give it some credence.
Instructors should prepare for class and take a more personal interest in
their student. Riverside should be abolished as a clinical site. They do not
care to teach the student and are only looking for slave labor and future
employees.
3. Future Plans
1. Radiation Therapy school
2. MRI or Radiology Assistant program
3. get BA from OSU of Allied Med. Health.
4. Plan to get my BA and specialize in CT
5. –
6. Radiography position and then apply to Radiation Therapy.
7. Would like to get BA from OSU or another university. Travel in 2-3 years at
RT. Work at V.A. clinical and retire at age 40. May get into sales.
8. I plan to attend OSU Rad. Therapy program. If not, then CT.
9. –
10. I’m not sure yet if I wish to continue my education. I need to recoup from this
one.
11. Get a bachelor degree.
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4. Did you wish to obtain employment upon graduating from the program?
1. yes, FT
2. yes, FT
3. yes, FT
4. yes, FT
5. yes, FT
6. yes, FT
7. yes, FT
8. yes, part-time
9. no
10. yes, FT
11. yes, FT
5. What are your long term aspirations?
1. To work in an Oncology department as a radiation therapist.
2. –
3. Specialize in VIR (with BA in hand) work two years in USA and move to Spain.
4. –
5. –
6. –
7. Would like to get BA from OSU or another university. Travel in 2-3 years at RT.
Work at V.A. clinical and retire at age 40. May get into sales.
8. Be happy with a life-long career.
9. –
10. –
11. Be a traveling tech.
6. What is your planned place of employment?
1. Grant
2. unknown
3. Riverside Methodist Hospitals
4. –
5. Riverside Methodist Hospitals
6. Riverside (CT)
7. Riverside
8. Mt. Carmel East
9. –
10. St. Ann’s Hospital
11. A big hospital
7. Are you currently employed:
1. full-time.
2. –
3. full-time
4. part-time (desired)
5. full-time
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6. full-time (only thing available)
7. part-time (desired)
8. part-time (desired)
9. –
10. full-time
11. full-time
8. Why did you select this employer?
a.
salary
b.
benefits
c.
location
d.
opportunities for advancement
e.
good work environment
f.
good learning environment
g.
tuition reimbursement
h.
other
1. a,b,c,d,e,f
2. –
3. a,c,f
4. a,b,d,e,g
5. d,f
6. b,c,; they paid for my school.
7. b.c.d.e.f.g
8. Worked well w/ going to school. I love it.
9. –
10. all of the above
11. b.f.g.
59. What type of radiographic procedures do you perform in your present
employment?
1. a,b,c,d,e,f
2. –
3. g
4. a,c,d,e,f
5. b,e,f
6. –
7. b,c,g,h,i
8. none. I don’t work in Rad (right now)
9. –
10. h
11. a,c,d,e,f
Any other comments.
1. –
2. –
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3. –
4. –
5. –
6. –
7. –
8. Thank you all for a great place to learn and growth with!
9. –
10. –
11. –
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Appendix 9: 2007-2009 ARRT Examination Registry Results
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Appendix 10:
2010 RAD Validation Report
2008 Employer Survey Results
40
Appendix 11:
2010 RAD Validation Report
Formative & Summative Chart
41
Appendix 12:
Program Advisory Committee Meeting Minutes
Date
October 16, 2009
Facilitator
Subject
Jim Byrne
Scribe
Autumn Quarter 2009 Meeting
Jim Byrne, CSCC Radiography Program Coordinator
Dr. Terrence Brown, Chairperson, Health, Dental, & Veterinary
Services
Shawndeia, Office Associate, Radiography & Nuclear Medicine
Joy Allen, Clinical Instructor, Berger Medical Center
Amy Bidlack, Clinical Instructor, Riverside Methodist Hospitals
Nichole Bihn, CSCC Adjunct Faculty, RMH-CT
Chasity Chandler, Clinical Instructor, Grady Memorial Hospital
Cayte Coakley, Clinical Instructor, V.A. Medical Facility
Michi Fletcher, Clinical Instructor, Grant Medical Center
Dianna Kidder, Clinical Instructor, Memorial Hospital of Union
County
Misty Kline, Clinical Instructor, Madison County Hospital
Attendees
2010 RAD Validation Report
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Time
11am-1:30pm
Key Points Discussed
No. Topic
1
Class of 2009
Where are they now…
2
Class of 2008
ARRT Results
Radiography
Program
Assessment Plan
2010 RAD Validation Report
Highlights
Steve Brown – Berger – CT
Cynthia
Cassidy – Columbus Arthritis Center
Aaron Cave – Grant
Maurie
Clarke – Grant
Esther D’Sousa – Children’s Vascular Lab Tresa
Detillion – Looking- has prospects at Phy. Ofc.
Cynthia Dewey - ?
Kyndall
Hammond – Riverside diagnostics
Julie Harris - ?
Andrew
Harrision – Grant
Michelle Kimber - ?
Kathyrn
Lawton – moved to WV – job prospects in
Martinsburg
Vi Le – MRI school, Cleveland
Sarah
Louk – Mt. Carmel E. Diagnostics, OSU BS fall (CT)
Deborah Murphy – Children’s CT
Jennifer
Myers – contingent, Madison (almost FT)
Justin Rainey – OSU MR school
Landon
Ramey – Riverside diagnostics
Brenda Russo – OSU radiology
Amie
Shepard – Looking for FT
Amy Singer – MRI school, Cleveland
Ashwin
Sivanesan – Doctors West – MRI , OSU CT School
fall
Rachel Taylor – Madison
Year
# of examinees
2009
20
2008 (Jan-Aug)
23
2007 (National Avg)
14,142
2007
23
2006
24
2005
17
The 2007 program
annual assessment
was reviewed to meet
College and
accreditation
requirements
43
The committee noted the 100%
registry score averages and
commended the program. No
other recommendations were
made at this time.
% score (av
20
89
84.7
88
85.7
85.9
3
Class of 2009 (2nd
yrs)
Clinical site
Riverside
Said
Kevin Miller
Amanda Fulks
Wendy Stauffer
Marjorie
Christina Johnson
Elisa Leareaux
Bonita Cherry
Mindy
Jennifer
Mark
Brandi
Kevin Harrison
Doctor’s
Grady
Will
Wise
Jeff Bundy
Shannon
Melissa
4
Class of 2009
Continued Comp. Evals
5
Class of 2009
Mid / Final Qtr. evals
6
Class of 2010
Winter Qtr. Schedule
7
Class of 2010
(new 1st yrs)
Nick
Berger
Kelly Cockrell
Completion of 1 CCE for each qtr.
-counts as
‘pink’ counts as a percentage (%) of clinical
grade
Summer, Fall, Winter
Current form handed out. Updated evaluation
forms (to include CCE’s) to be distributed.
Due Friday of 10th week of qtr. (Summer – Sept 5th
)(Fall Dec 5th )
Fax to 287-6059 or mail (pre-paid envelopes
distributed)
2 weeks open rotations – schedules to be
approved by CI
Deadline for fall Aug. 12th (today)
24 new students
Emergency information sheets presented
Class information
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Grant
44
8
Class of 2010
Orientation
9
Class of 2010
Winter Quarter start Date
10
Class of 2010
Fall Qtr. competencies
Class of 2010
Clinical site assignments
Clinical Orientation date –
‘Meet and Greet’ @ El Vaquero 12:30pm – 3230
Olentangy River Road
RSVP to Amy Bidlack
via e-mail ( [email protected])
Tuesday, Sept. 30th Clinical to begin
Monday, Jan. 4th Lecture to begin
Min. 4 pinks
Min. 8 weeks of salmons
1st quarter competency checklists handed out
Grant
Tammy Lender
Cullinan
Jessica Mowry
Ashley Gander
Youssef Rakea
Lori Wilson
Kim
Roberta Kohen
Mollette
Grady
Kathy
Riverside
Oni Spratt
Compton
Melissa Sackett
Staley
Gina Conley
Paula Dymek
Mark Rizzuti
Buerkle
Berger
Scott
Joe Kirk
Marysville
Kyunghee
Seanna
Danette
Madison
Nicole
Kendra
Madden
Tammy Matz plans to return Winter qtr. 2008
Reminder for Clinical Instructors to contact
‘their’ students to make arrangements for
clinical site orientation on Sept. 25th (a.m.)
(El Vaquero’s to follow)
Clinical Updates
Emergency
Information
Contacts
2010 RAD Validation Report
Reminder to review emergency information sheets /
update with 2nd year students
45
Clinical Updates
Fall Quarter Calendar
Attendance
Time clocks
Outside Student
Rotations
Master Clinical
Schedule
Master Category
requirements
2008-2010
Student Handbook
Next Meeting Date
2010 RAD Validation Report
Important Dates for Fall Quarter 2008
Campus Closed – Monday, Oct. 13th
Columbus Day
Wednesday,
Oct. 29th Faculty
Inservice Day
Tuesday, November 11th
Thurs/Fri, Nov 27-28, Thanksgiving
5th week
Mid-qtr evals due (fax or mail to
program by Fri. (Oct. 31st )
10th week
Final-qtr evals due (mail or fax)
10th week (Last week of clinical) Week of December
1st
11th week (Finals week) Week of December 8 th
8 hour clinical hours & lunch break required.
(minimum of 8 hour day)
Attendance policy review
Programs to provide time clocks &
time cards
Process
Dosimetry badges – students to bring badges from
home site.
Updates – distributed
Updates – distributed
Updates – Revision
1.
ET time elimination
2.
Absence / Attendance
3.
Medical Incidents process
Friday, April 9, 2010
noon-2pm
CSCC Radiography building (GR)
Room 108
Lunch to be provided
46