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1. What was a result of the efforts of Prince Henry of
Portugal, Christopher Columbus, and Ferdinand
Magellan?
A) The importance of Mediterranean trade routes was
established.
B) The modem concept of universal human rights was
promoted.
C) The European view of the physical world was
transformed.
D) An understanding of the benefits of cultural
diversity was encouraged.
2. Base your answer to the following question on ". . . (It)
brought the potato, the pineapple, the turkey, dahlias,
sunflowers, magnolias, maize, chillies and chocolate
across the Atlantic. On the other hand, tens of millions
died in the pandemics of the 16th century, victims of
smallpox, measles and the other diseases brought by
Europeans (and don't forget that the African slave trade
was begun by the Europeans, to replace the work force
they had decimated).". . . — Michael Wood, BBC
History (adapted)
Which historical development is being described in this
quotation?
A)
B)
C)
D)
establishment of the line of Demarcation
creation of the Hanseatic League
Columbian exchange
Glorious Revolution
3. Which geographic feature of Spain and Portugal most
enhanced their ability to engage in exploration?
A)
B)
C)
D)
peninsular location
mountainous region
extensive river system
fertile plain
4. What was one reason the Spanish conquistadors were
able to conquer the Aztec Empire?
A) The Spanish soldiers made effective use of their
military technology against the Aztecs.
B) Aztec religious beliefs promoted nonviolence.
C) Spain joined the Incas in their fight against the
Aztecs.
D) The Spanish cavalry outnumbered the Aztec
warriors.
5. The encomienda system in Latin America was a direct
result of the
A) Crusades
C) Reformation
B) Age of Exploration
D) Age of Reason
6. The expeditions of Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro
resulted in the
A)
B)
C)
D)
destruction of the Aztec and Inca empires
capture of Brazil by Portugal
colonization of North America by Portugal
exploration of the Philippines and East Indies
7. A direct result of the conquest of Tenochtitlán by Hernán
Cortés in 1521 was the
A) expulsion of Jews and Muslims from Spain
B) establishment of Portuguese trade routes around
Africa
C) fall of the Aztec Empire
D) conquest of the Kush Kingdom
8. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
What was a result of the explorers’ voyages illustrated on this map?
A)
B)
C)
D)
Europe became increasingly isolated.
European trade with Africa and South America increased.
Southeast Asia became Europe’s greatest trading partner.
European nations created colonial governments throughout central Asia.
9. Which statement explains the long-term significance of
the travels of Christopher Columbus?
11. Which of these events during the Age of Exploration
was a cause of the other three?
A) His interactions with the indigenous peoples served
as a model for fair treatment of minorities.
B) His ships were the first to complete an
around-the-world voyage and prove the earth was
round.
C) His calculations of the distance between Europe and
Asia became the basis for our modern maps.
D) His voyages started a vast cultural exchange
between the two hemispheres.
A) Europeans brought food, animals, and ideas from
one continent to another.
B) European diseases had an adverse effect on the
native populations of new territories.
C) Warfare increased as European nations competed
for land and power.
D) Advances in learning and technology made long
ocean voyages possible.
10. A major reason for the end of the Aztec Empire was
A)
B)
C)
D)
the refusal of the people to obey their leaders
a conflict with the Inca Empire
the technology of the Spanish conquistadors
political corruption and an unstable government
12. A major goal of the conquistadors in Latin America
was to
A)
B)
C)
D)
establish religious freedom
promote democracy
increase the wealth of Spain
introduce a laissez-faire economic system
13. Which statement describes an impact that the
Columbian Exchange had on the lives of Europeans?
A) The transfer of new products and ideas encouraged
economic growth.
B) New diseases were brought to Europe and resulted
in massive deaths caused by a plague.
C) Native Americans immigrated to Europe and
competed with Europeans for jobs.
D) Cross-cultural contacts between South America
and Asia declined.
14. Base your answer to the following question on the
passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.
"I was immediately handled and tossed up to see if I
were sound, by some of the crew, and I was now
persuaded that I had gotten into a world of bad spirits,
and that they were going to kill me. Their complexions,
too, differing so much from ours, their long hair, and
the language they spoke . . . united to confirm me in this
belief. . . . The closeness of the place and the heat of the
climate, added to the number in the ship, which was so
crowded that each had scarcely room to turn himself,
almost suffocated us."
Which event is described in this passage?
A)
B)
C)
D)
the Aztec invasion of Mayan cities
the Ottoman invasion of Hungary
immigration from Europe to the New World
the transatlantic slave trade
15. In the 1600s, the interest of Europeans in Africa was
based mainly on Europe's need to
A)
B)
C)
D)
market its surplus agricultural products
obtain workers for its colonies in the Americas
establish collective security arrangements
settle its surplus population on new lands
16. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Dutch interest in the
islands of Southeast Asia was mainly based on the
A)
B)
C)
D)
spice trade
large numbers of Christian converts
rich deposits of gold and silver
development of manufacturing sites
17. Base your answer to the question on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
The arrows on this map, “The African Diaspora,” represent the
A)
B)
C)
D)
development of trade routes in North Africa
expansion of African kingdoms involved in the slave trade
forced migration of African peoples from their homeland
dependence by Africans on imports for economic development
18. The Middle Passage is best defined as
A) a route through the Swiss Alps
B) a narrow body of water connecting two larger
bodies of water
C) the forced journey of enslaved Africans to the
Americas
D) the expulsion of Muslims from Spain
19. A major impact of the Columbian exchange on western
Europe was the introduction of
A) Christianity that led to the rise of the Catholic
Church
B) new food crops that improved the European diet
C) new military technology that weakened local
rulers
D) diseases that drastically reduced the population of
Europe
20. What was a direct result of the trans-Atlantic slave
trade on African cultures?
A) Many African communities faced economic
disaster.
B) European industrial factories were established
throughout Africa.
C) Animism was no longer practiced in Africa.
D) Africans across the continent hired Europeans to
train their military.
21. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
Which conclusion about the slave trade in Africa is supported by this map?
A)
B)
C)
D)
Most of the slaves came from eastern Africa.
Few people were taken from Africa to other continents.
Several European countries participated in the slave trade.
The slave trade began in southern Africa.
22. Base your answer to the following question on the
24. Which statement best describes Catholic Church
diagram below and on your knowledge of social studies.
leaders, the military, and landowners in Latin America
during colonial times?
A) They often opposed each other on major economic
issues.
B) They formed an elite class and held political
power.
C) They challenged the authority of Spain and
consequently lost political power.
D) They constituted the majority of the population.
25. Which statement best explains the increase in the
Atlantic slave trade in the 1700s?
What is the best title for this diagram?
A)
B)
C)
D)
Encomienda System
Columbian Exchange
Silk Road
Open Door policy
23. Base your answer to the following question on the chart
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
A) Technological advances in shipping made the
slave trade more profitable.
B) Converted African slaves worked with Spanish
missionaries to conquer the native peoples.
C) Many Africans wished to settle in the Americas
and paid their own passage.
D) As the Europeans developed their American
colonies, their need for cheap labor increased.
26. During the first Global Age (A.D. 1450–1770),
European countries obtained both a source of raw
materials and a reliable market for their finished goods
by developing
A)
B)
C)
D)
the policy of mercantilism
laissez-faire principles
trade cooperatives
forts along the Silk Roads
27. The policy of establishing colonies to gain wealth by
controlling colonial trade is called
A) socialism
C) mercantilism
Which area received the largest number of captured
Africans as slaves between 1500 and 1870?
A)
B)
C)
D)
British North America
Spanish America
Europe and Asia
other Caribbean islands
B) fascism
D) communism
28. Base your answer to the following question on the illustration below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
Which policy is portrayed in this illustration?
A) nonalignment
C) perestroika
B) laissez-faire capitalism
D) mercantilism
29. Base your answer to the following question on the time line below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
The events illustrated in this time line show the effects of European
A) isolationism
B) imperialism
C) socialism
D) fundamentalism
30.
Which economic system is shown in this diagram?
A) socialism
C) laissez-faire capitalism
B) manorialism
D) mercantilism
31. Spain's colonial policy of mercantilism affected the
development of Latin American nations by promoting
A)
B)
C)
D)
34. Base your answer to the following question on the
diagram below and on your knowledge of social studies.
the production of raw materials and cash crops
free and rapid trade with Asia and Africa
respect for the rights of indigenous people
isolationism as a response to international political
issues
32. Which statement is most closely associated with the
economic policy of mercantilism?
A) Colonies should exist for the benefit of the mother
country.
B) Local authority should determine the type of
goods to be produced.
C) Governments should not be involved in the
economy.
D) Business and industry should be owned by the
state.
33. Which region's colonial class structure included
peninsulares, creoles, and mestizos?
A) western Europe
C) East Asia
B) sub-Saharan Africa
D) Latin America
Which conclusion about Spanish colonialism in the
Americas can be drawn from this diagram?
A) The fewest people in the population had the
greatest power.
B) Africans and Native Americans were politically
powerful.
C) The peninsulares made up the majority of the
population.
D) Mestizos and mulattoes controlled the most land in
the colonies.
35. The social class system in Latin America during the
16th and 17th centuries reflects the
A)
B)
C)
D)
dominance of Spanish-born nobility
emerging equality between classes
influence of mestizo economic power
increasing social mobility of Native American
Indians
36. The encomienda system in colonial Latin America led
to the
A)
B)
C)
D)
use of forced labor
establishment of trade unions
increase in landownership by Native Americans
weakening of the power of peninsulares
37. Which diagram shows the correct social hierarchy of
Spain’s colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere?
A)
B)
38. After contact with Europeans in the 1500s, millions of
native peoples in the Americas died as a result of
A) new foods, which the native peoples could not
digest
B) religious persecution resulting from the Spanish
Inquisition
C) new diseases to which the native peoples had no
natural immunity
D) slavery and the terrible conditions on their sea
journey to Europe
39. Which social class controlled most of the political,
economic, and social power in colonial Latin America?
C)
D)
A) peninsulares
C) creoles
B) mestizos
D) native people
40. One similarity between the social patterns in medieval
Europe and those in colonial Latin America is that both
societies
A) separated religion and politics
B) separated people into distinct classes
C) gave women the power to assume leadership
positions
D) followed the rule of the majority