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Name ________________________________________________ Date ___________________
Science Chapter 4 Lesson 1:
Study Guide
Directions: Define the following science terms:
1. tissue
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2. vein
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3. organ
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4. capillary
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5. esophagus
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6. artery
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7. stomach
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8. diaphragm
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Directions: Answer the following questions.
9. How are organs formed?
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10.
What is the body’s largest organ?
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11.
What causes movement of the chest when a person
breathes?
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12.
What is the job of the diaphragm?
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13.
What component of the air is needed by all of the body’s
cells?
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14.
In the body’s circulatory system, which blood vessels
carry blood away from the heart?
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15.
Which kind of blood vessel carries blood back to the
heart?
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16.
How is blood unlike other tissues in the body?
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17.
What is blood made up of?
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18.
What is the main function of the red blood cells?
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19.
What is the main function of the white blood cells?
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20.
In which tube does air travel from your nose or mouth
toward the lungs?
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21.
What is the name of the lining in the small intestines?
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22.
What is the body’s source of nutrients?
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23.
What would happen if the passageways from the nose to
the lungs became partly clogged or blocked?
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24.
Describe the steps of the digestive system.
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25.
What is the job of the respiratory system?
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26.
Use the words arteries, capillaries, heart, and veins to
describe the path blood takes through your body.
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