Chapter 8, Lesson 2 1a. At its height, what area did the Roman Empire cover? It stretched from Britain to Egypt and included all the lands around the Mediterranean. 1b. How did Rome handle the difficulties of governing its large empire? The Romans divided the empire into provinces. Each one had a governor and the support of the army. 2a. What did the Romans learn from the Greeks? The Romans learned math, astronomy, and philosophy. They borrowed Greek architecture and Greek gods and goddesses. 2b. How did the Romans’ technological achievements help them to strengthen their empire? The Romans used technology to build roads and aqueducts. They used arches to build buildings taller and concrete to build buildings stronger. 3a. What was the Justinian code of law? The Justinian code of law was a set of laws created by the emperor Justinian for the Roman Empire. It was the first code of justice. It stated that a person accused of a crime had a right to face his or her accuser. It also established the idea that if reasonable doubt existed as to the guilt of a person, that person had to be found innocent.